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Glossary for Muscle-eye-brain syndrome

  • Brain conditions: Medical conditions that affect the brain
  • Cerebral Atrophy: Wasting away of the brain.
  • Congenital conditions: Any condition that you are born with such as birth defects or genetic diseases.
  • Congenital glaucoma: Primary congenital glaucoma is present at birth; however, its manifestations may not be recognized until infancy or early childhood. It is characterized by improper development of the eye's aqueous outflow system, leading to increased intraocular pressure (IOP), with consequent damage to ocular structures, resulting in loss of vision.
  • Eye and vision conditions: Medical conditions affecting the eyes or the vision systems.
  • Genetic Disease: Any disease that is handed down to oneself through the chromosomes of ones parents
  • Glaucoma: Glaucoma is the term for a diverse group of eye diseases, all of which involve progressive damage to the optic nerve. Glaucoma is usually, but not always, accompanied by high intraocular (internal) fluid pressure. Optic nerve damage produces certain characteristic visual field defects in the individual's peripheral (side), as well as central, vision.
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Hydrocephalus: A rare condition where the normal flow of cerebrospinal fluid is impaired by dilated brain ventricles which causes the fluid to accumulate in the skull and hence result in increased brain pressure.
  • Impaired vision: Reduced or degraded vision.
  • Lissencephaly: A very rare disorder characterized by abnormal brain formation so that the brain surface appears smooth rather than convoluted.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Muscle weakness: A condition which is characterized by an inability of the muscles to function at their full strenght
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Myoclonus: Sudden involuntary muscle twitching or movement.
  • Myopathy: General name for any disease of the muscles.
  • Myopia: Short-sightedness often requiring glasses
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Pachygyria: A condition which is characterized by the presence of thick convolutions of the cerebral cortex

 

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