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Diseases » Muscular Dystrophy » Summary
 

What is Muscular Dystrophy?

What is Muscular Dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy is a progressive genetic disorder that causes deterioration of the muscles and eventually leads to muscle wasting, ...more »

  • Muscular Dystrophy: Any of various muscle wasting diseases.
  • Muscular Dystrophy: An autosomal dominant degenerative muscle disease characterized by slowly progressive weakness of the muscles of the face, upper-arm, and shoulder girdle. The onset of symptoms usually occurs in the first or second decade of life. Affected individuals usually present with impairment of upper extremity elevation. This tends to be followed by facial weakness, primarily involving the orbicularis oris and orbicularis oculi muscles. (Neuromuscul Disord 1997;7(1):55-62; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1420)
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Muscular Dystrophy: any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Muscular Dystrophy is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Muscular Dystrophy, or a subtype of Muscular Dystrophy, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Muscular Dystrophy: Introduction

Types of Muscular Dystrophy:

Types of Muscular Dystrophy:

Broader types of Muscular Dystrophy:

How many people get Muscular Dystrophy?

Incidence (annual) of Muscular Dystrophy: 500 - 600 male newborns are diagnosed with muscular dystrophy each year in the US, Duchenne and Becker types, Genetics Home Reference website
Incidence Rate of Muscular Dystrophy: approx 1 in 544,000 or 0.00% or 500 people in USA [about data]

How serious is Muscular Dystrophy?

Complications of Muscular Dystrophy: see complications of Muscular Dystrophy
Prognosis of Muscular Dystrophy: The prognosis of MD varies according to the type of MD and the progression of the disorder. Some cases may be mild and very slowly progressive, with normal lifespan, while other cases may have more marked progression of muscle weakness, functional disability and loss of ambulation. Life expectancy may depend on the degree of progression and late respiratory deficit. In Duchenne MD, death usually occurs in the late teens to early 20s. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Muscular Dystrophy (MD) Information Page: NINDS)

What causes Muscular Dystrophy?

Causes of Muscular Dystrophy: see causes of Muscular Dystrophy
Risk factors for Muscular Dystrophy: see risk factors for Muscular Dystrophy

What are the symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy?

Symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy: see symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy

Complications of Muscular Dystrophy: see complications of Muscular Dystrophy

Can anyone else get Muscular Dystrophy?

More information: see contagiousness of Muscular Dystrophy
Inheritance: see inheritance of Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Muscular Dystrophy.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Muscular Dystrophy.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Muscular Dystrophy: see treatments for Muscular Dystrophy
Research for Muscular Dystrophy: see research for Muscular Dystrophy

Organs Affected by Muscular Dystrophy:

Organs and body systems related to Muscular Dystrophy include:

Name and Aliases of Muscular Dystrophy

Main name of condition: Muscular Dystrophy

Other names or spellings for Muscular Dystrophy:

Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy [Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy], Landouzy-Dejerine disease [Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy] Source - Diseases Database

Dystrophy
Source - WordNet 2.1

Myopathy, scapuloperoneal, SPMD, Scapuloperoneal muscular dystrophy, Scapuloperoneal syndrome, myopathic type, Scapuloperoneal myopathy
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Muscular Dystrophy: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Muscular Dystrophy:

 

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