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What is Myelodysplastic syndromes?

What is Myelodysplastic syndromes?

Myelodysplastic syndromes include a number of serious, chronic diseases that affect the blood and the bone ...more »

  • Myelodysplastic syndromes: A group of syndromes characterized by a disruption in the production of blood cells. Often the bone marrow increases production of various blood cells but because many of them are defective, they are destroyed before the reach the blood stream.
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes: A myelodysplastic syndrome characterized mainly by dysplasia of the erythroid series. Refractory anemia is uncommon. It is primarily a disease of older adults. The median survival exceeds 5 years. (WHO, 2001) -- 2003
    Source - Diseases Database

Myelodysplastic syndromes is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Myelodysplastic syndromes, or a subtype of Myelodysplastic syndromes, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Myelodysplastic syndromes as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Myelodysplastic syndromes: Introduction

Types of Myelodysplastic syndromes:

Broader types of Myelodysplastic syndromes:

How many people get Myelodysplastic syndromes?

Incidence (annual) of Myelodysplastic syndromes: 14,000 people are diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome each year in the US (American Cancer Society, Medical News Today)
Incidence Rate of Myelodysplastic syndromes: approx 1 in 19,428 or 0.01% or 14,000 people in USA [about data]
Worldwide incidence of Myelodysplastic syndromes: 87,000 people worldwide are diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (American Cancer Society, Medical News Today)

How serious is Myelodysplastic syndromes?

Complications of Myelodysplastic syndromes: see complications of Myelodysplastic syndromes

What causes Myelodysplastic syndromes?

Causes of Myelodysplastic syndromes: see causes of Myelodysplastic syndromes

What are the symptoms of Myelodysplastic syndromes?

Symptoms of Myelodysplastic syndromes: see symptoms of Myelodysplastic syndromes

Complications of Myelodysplastic syndromes: see complications of Myelodysplastic syndromes

Onset of Myelodysplastic syndromes: usually adulthood

Can anyone else get Myelodysplastic syndromes?

More information: see contagiousness of Myelodysplastic syndromes
Inheritance: see inheritance of Myelodysplastic syndromes

Myelodysplastic syndromes: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Myelodysplastic syndromes.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Myelodysplastic syndromes.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Myelodysplastic syndromes: Hematologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Myelodysplastic syndromes.
Treatments for Myelodysplastic syndromes: see treatments for Myelodysplastic syndromes
Research for Myelodysplastic syndromes: see research for Myelodysplastic syndromes

Society issues for Myelodysplastic syndromes


Hospitalization statistics for Myelodysplastic syndromes: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Myelodysplastic syndromes:

  • 0.25% (31,970) of hospital consultant episodes were for myelodysplastic syndromes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 96% of hospital consultant episodes for myelodysplastic syndromes required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital consultant episodes for myelodysplastic syndromes were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 43% of hospital consultant episodes for myelodysplastic syndromes were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 10% of hospital consultant episodes for myelodysplastic syndromes required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 6.1 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for myelodysplastic syndromes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Myelodysplastic syndromes:

Organs and body systems related to Myelodysplastic syndromes include:

Name and Aliases of Myelodysplastic syndromes

Main name of condition: Myelodysplastic syndromes

Other names or spellings for Myelodysplastic syndromes:

MDS, myelodysplasia

Dysmyelopoietic syndrome, Preleukemia syndrome, Refractory anaemia Source - Diseases Database

MDS (Myelodysplastic syndromes)
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

 

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