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Diseases » Myxedema » Glossary
 

Glossary for Myxedema

  • Acromegaly: A hormonal disorder involving excess growth hormone production by the pituitary gland.
  • Amyloidosis: A rare group of metabolic disorders where a protein called amyloid accumulates in body organs and tissues where it can cause damage and is potentially fatal. Symptoms depend on the organs involved. There are numerous forms of the condition: primary amyloidosis, secondary amyloidosis, hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis and familial amyloidosis.
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Athyrotic hypothyroidism sequence: A rare congenital disorder characterized by a thyroid gland defect.
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Severe chronic fatigue disorder often following infection.
  • Chronic liver disease: Any form of chronic liver disease
  • Congenital hypothyroidism: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of thyroid hormones that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or hypothyroidism in infants of mothers treated with thiouracil during pregnancy.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: Inadequate pumping and decline of heart function common in the elderly.
  • Cracked skin: Cracking skin areas
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Face symptoms: Symptoms affecting the face
  • Gigantism: A rare endocrine disorder where excess growth hormone is produced prior to puberty.
  • Goiter: Swollen neck thyroid gland
  • Graves Disease: is an autoimmune disease characterized by hyperthyroidism due to circulating autoantibodies. Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins (TSIs) bind to and activate thyrotropin receptors, causing the thyroid gland to grow and the thyroid follicles to increase synthesis of thyroid hormone.
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: Hashimoto thyroiditis is characterized by the destruction of thyroid cells by various cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes. Patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis have antibodies to various thyroid antigens, the most frequently detected of which include antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO), antithyroglobulin (anti-Tg), and, to a lesser extent, TSH receptor-blocking antibodies.
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Lip swelling: Swelling of the lips
  • Mosse syndrome: A condition involving the association of liver cirrhosis with polycythemia which is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the excessive production of mainly red blood cells by the bone marrow.
  • Myxedema coma: Myxedema coma is a rare, life-threatening condition, occurs late in the progression of hypothyroidism. The condition is seen typically in elderly women and is often precipitated by infection, medication, environmental exposure, or other metabolic-related stresses.
  • Pendred syndrome: An inherited condition characterized by hearing loss and goiter formation. The enlarged thyroid gland often continuges to function normally.
  • Skin thickening: Thickening of the skin texture.
  • Speech symptoms: Problems with speech or voice.
  • Subacute Thyroiditis: A self-limiting, virally induced inflammation of the thyroid characterised by a febrile illness and swelling of the thyroid, with subsequent damage to the thyroid tissue causing leakage of thyroid hormones into the circulation
  • Thyroid disorders: Any disorder of the thyroid gland.

 

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