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Diseases » Myxedema » Wikipedia
 

Myxedema in Wikipedia

Note:Wikipedia is a user-contributed encyclopedia and may not have been reviewed by professional editors (See full Wikipedia disclaimer)

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Myxedema". (Source - Retrieved 2006-09-07 14:20:54 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myxedema)

Introduction

Myxedema (British myxoedema) is a skin and tissue disorder usually due to hypothyroidism. It can also be caused by goiter, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Thyroid surgery, and Graves' disease (which rarely causes myxedema of knee and shin called pretibial myxedema)

Symptoms

Myxedema usually presents itself with some of the following symptoms:

Causes

Myxedema stemming from both hyperthyroid and hypothyroid conditions, results from the accumulation of increased amounts of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate in the dermis in both lesional and normal skin. The mechanism that causes myxedema is still not yet understood, although animal model studies suggest that thyroid hormones affect the synthesis and catabolism of mucopolysaccharides and collagen by dermal fibroblasts. The fibroblasts in the orbital and pretibial dermis share antigenic sites that underlie the autoimmune process that causes Grave's disease. This cross-reaction may contribute to the development of myxedema long after normal levels of thyroid hormones have been restored by treatment.

Treatment

Treatment for myxedema is difficult. Systemic or intralesional glucocorticoids, topical glucocorticoids under occlusion or high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin have been reported to offer some relief to patients Treatment should follow correction of the original hyperthyroidism/hypothyroidism.

 

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