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Dictionary » Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
 

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Introduction: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Description of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (medical condition): Autoimmune disease damaging the eye tear ducts and other...more »

See also:

Sjogren's Syndrome:
  »Introduction: Sjogren's Syndrome
  »Symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome
  »Causes of Sjogren's Syndrome
  »Tests for Sjogren's Syndrome
  »Treatments for Sjogren's Syndrome

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: WHAT: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS): an eye condition in which there is decreased tear production and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva. WHY: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is found in a significant number of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. KCS has also been described in systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis nodosa, and scleroderma. KCS plus xerostomia is called the sicca syndrome. The association of the sicca syndrome with rheumatoid arthritis is known as Sjogren's syndrome. HOW: Clinically, patients with KCS may present with itching, burning eyes. They may complain of a dry sensation or of a foreign body sensation of the eyes. The conjunctiva is hyperemic, and thick strands of mucus may cover the eye. With slit lamp examination there is less than 1 mm of tear width at the margins of the upper and lower lids. There is increased debris and mucus strands within the tear film, seen best after blinking. Tiny punctate opacities are seen throughout the corneal surface. The Schirmer tear test (which is most accurately performed without topical anesthesia) shows less than 5 mm of wetting of filter paper at the end of 5 minutes. Finally, rose bengal, which is a water soluble dye specific for devitalized cells and mucin, will stain the dessicated corneal and conjunctival cells a bright red color. REFS: 1) Henkind, P and Gold, DH: Ocular manifestations of rheumatic disorders. Rheumatology 4:13, 1973. 2) Havener, W: Synopsis of ophthamology. St. Louis, C.V. Mosby Company, 1979. 3) Anderson, JR; Whaley, K; Williams, J and Buchanan, WW: A statistical aid to the diagnosis of keratoconjunctivitis sicca. Quart J Med 41:175, 1972. DN19292-9.
Source: Diseases Database

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion.
Source: CRISP

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Drying and inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of insufficient lacrimal secretion. When found in association with XEROSTOMIA and polyarthritis, it is called SJOGREN'S SYNDROME.
Source: MeSH 2007

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Related Topics

These medical condition or symptom topics may be relevant to medical information for Keratoconjunctivitis sicca:

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Rare Disease

Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or a subtype of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca as a Disease

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Another name for Sjogren's Syndrome (or close medical condition association).
  »Introduction: Sjogren's Syndrome
  »Symptoms of Sjogren's Syndrome
  »Causes of Sjogren's Syndrome
  »Treatments for Sjogren's Syndrome

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Related Diseases

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is listed as a type of (or associated with) the following medical conditions in our database:

Causes of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Some of the causes of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca are included in the list below:

Symptoms of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Sjogren's Syndrome)

Some of the symptoms of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca incude:

Treatments for Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Sjogren's Syndrome)

Treatments for Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (Sjogren's Syndrome) include:

Treatment of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: For more treatment information about Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, see treatment of Sjogren's Syndrome (Keratoconjunctivitis sicca)

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Article Excerpts about Sjogren's Syndrome

NINDS Sjogren's Syndrome Information Page: NINDS (Excerpt)

Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy the glands that... (Source: excerpt from NINDS Sjogren's Syndrome Information Page: NINDS)

Questions and Answers About Sjögren's Syndrome: NIAMS (Excerpt)

Sjögren's (SHOW-grins) syndrome is an autoimmune disease--that is, a disease in which the immune system turns against the ... (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Sjögren's Syndrome: NIAMS)

Connective Tissue Diseases: NWHIC (Excerpt)

Sjögren's syndrome (also called "Sjögren's disease") is a chronic, slowly progressing inability to secrete ... (Source: excerpt from Connective Tissue Diseases: NWHIC)

Aging and Your Eyes -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA (Excerpt)

Dry eyes happen when tear glands don’t make enough tears or make poor quality tears. Dry tears can be... (Source: excerpt from Aging and Your Eyes -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA)

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Related Disease Topics

These medical disease topics may be related to Keratoconjunctivitis sicca:

Terms associated with Keratoconjunctivitis sicca:

Terms Similar to Keratoconjunctivitis sicca:

Source: Diseases Database

Source - NIH

More specific terms for Keratoconjunctivitis sicca:

Source - CRISP

Broader terms for Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Source - MeSH 2007

Source - CRISP

The term Keratoconjunctivitis sicca can be used for:

Source: CRISP

The description of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca may also be used for the following terms:

Source: CRISP

Hierarchical classifications of Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

The following list attempts to classify Keratoconjunctivitis sicca into categories where each line is subset of the next.

MeSH 2007 Hierarchy:

MeSH 2007 Hierarchy

MeSH 2007 Hierarchy

External links related to: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Source: Diseases Database

Interesting Medical Articles:

Medical dictionaries:

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