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Diseases » Nightmares » Glossary
 

Glossary for Nightmares

  • Acute stress disorder: An acute anxiety state
  • Albuterol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Albuterol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Alprenolol -- Teratogenic Agent: Experimental studies on rats indicate that the use of Alprenolol during pregnancy may cause various harmful effects on the fetus. The likelihood and severity of symptoms may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at. The effect on human fetuses has not been conclusively determined.
  • Amlodipine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amlodipine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amobarbital -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Amobarbital during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Amphetamine abuse: Use of the stimulant drugs known as amphetamines or "speed"
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Anxiety disorders: Anxiety disorders are persistent and excessive feelings of fear, worry or uneasiness that are significant enough to have an impact on day-to-day life. Excessive anxiety can have repercussions on physical and mental health. There are a number of different subtypes of anxiety disorders such as General anxiety, Social anxiety, Phobias, Hypochondria and Obsessive compulsive disorder.
  • Atenolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to Atenolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Brevibloc -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Brevibloc (a heart drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Child abuse: Physical, sexual, emotional abuse or neglect of child.
  • Chlorpheniramine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Chlorpheniramine (an antihistamine medication) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Ciguatera poisoning: Rare toxic food poisoning from eating contaminated fish
  • Combat stress reaction: A term used in the military which refers to behaviors that result from the stress of fighting in a war.
  • Diltiazem -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Diltiazem during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Dimenhydrinate -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dimenhydrinate (an anti-nausea drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Dramamine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Dramamine (an anti-nausea drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Esmolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Esmolol (a heart drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • False awakening: A false awakening is where someone dreams that they have woken up from a sleep. This is considered to be a normal and relatively common sleep event that poses no problems.
  • Felodipine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Felodipine (an antihypertensive drug) during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Fentanyl toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Flunitrazepam -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Flunitrazepam during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Flurazepam -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Flurazepam during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Metoprolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Metoprolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Morphine toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Narcolepsy: Narcolepsy is characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.
  • Narcolepsy 1: Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder where characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Some cases are linked to a genetic anomaly - Type 1 is linked to an anomaly on chromosome 6p21.
  • Narcolepsy 2: Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder where characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Some cases are linked to a genetic anomaly - Type 2 is linked to an anomaly on chromosome 4q13-q21.
  • Narcolepsy 3: Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder where characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Some cases are linked to a genetic anomaly - Type 3 is linked to an anomaly on chromosome 21q11.2.
  • Narcolepsy 4: Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder where characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Some cases are linked to a genetic anomaly - Type 1 is linked to an anomaly on chromosome 22q13.
  • Narcolepsy 5: Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder where characterized by the classic tetrad of excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations and sleep paralysis. Some cases are linked to a genetic anomaly - Type 5 is linked to an anomaly on chromosome 14q11.2.
  • Nifedipine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Nifedipine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Night terror: Night terror is a parasomnia disorder characterized by extreme terror and a temporary inability to regain full consciousness.
  • Nightmares: Dreams that are frightening and realistic. Nightmares may be distressing enough to wake a person. They can be caused by tiredness, stress and certain drugs such as some blood-pressure medications. Generally, everyone can expect to experience nightmares at some stage in their life. The occasional nightmare is normal but anyone experiencing regular nightmares that interferes with their sleep may need to seek help.
  • Opioid toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Oxprenolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Oxprenolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Parasomnia: Parasomnia are a category of sleep disorders that involve abnormal and unnatural movements, behaviors, emotions, perceptions, and dreams that occur while falling asleep, sleeping, between sleep stages, or arousal from sleep.
  • Pindolol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Pindolol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder: Stress following a traumatic event.
  • Primidone -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Primidone during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Rape trauma syndrome: A condition that occurs following sexual assault.
  • Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects ones sleep
  • Sotalol -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Sotalol during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Temazepam -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Temazepam during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Tramadol toxicity: The toxic reaction of the body to the substance, possibly via allergic reaction or overdose.
  • Triazolam -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Triazolam during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • War sailor syndrome: A type of post-traumatic stress disorder that occurred in merchant ship sailors from World War II.

 

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