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Glossary for Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

  • Accident or injury conditions: Medical conditions caused by accidents or physical injuries.
  • Acoustic neuroma: A benign tumor of the 8th cranial nerve which lies in the tube connecting the inner ear to the brain.
  • Deafness: Inability to hear sounds.
  • Ear and Hearing conditions: Medical conditions affecting the ears or the hearing systems.
  • Ear conditions: Any condition that affects the ear
  • Ear sounds: Hearing ringing, buzzing, or noises in the ears
  • Head Conditions: Conditions that affect the head
  • Hearing Impairment: Reduced ability to hear sounds.
  • Hearing impairment: Reduced ability to hear sounds.
  • Meningioma: A slow-growing tumor of the meninges that is not cancerous. Symptoms are determined by the size and location of the tumor.
  • Mumps: An acute viral disease that causes the salivary glands to become swollen, sore and inflamed. Immunization had greatly reduced the incidence of this disease.
  • Perilymph fistula: A condition characterized by rupture of the round window with leakage of perilymph into the middle ear, causing sensorineural hearing loss
  • Presbycusis: Progressive deterioration of hearing ability that affects both ears and occurs with aging. The hearing loss is sensorineural in nature and is most noticeable at high frequencies. There are a number of risk factors associated with age-related hearing impairment: smoking, ototoxic medication, cardiovascular disease and exposure to loud noise. It is estimated that a third of people over the age of 60 have some hearing loss and more than half of people over the age of 75 years have hearing loss.
  • Sensorineural hearing loss: Hearing loss due to abnormal functioning or damage to the hearing nerve or the cochlea (inner ear) or the part of the brain that processes sound. The hearing problem may be present at birth or may be acquired through such things as aging, excessive noise or diseases such as meningitis.
  • Speech and communication conditions: Medical conditions affecting speech or the ability to communicate.
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum). The condition is often asymptomatic in the early stages but one or more sores may be present in the early stages. Untreated syphilis usually results in remission of visible symptoms but further severe damage may occur to internal organs and other body tissues which can result in death.
  • Tinnitus: Hearing noises in the ears: ringing, roaring, clicks, whistling, or hissing.

 

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