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Women commonly present to their physician complaining of a breast lump. Fibrocystic disease and fibroadenomas are benign breast conditions that comprise the majority of the diagnoses, however, breast cancer is a relatively common diagnosis (particularly in older women) with dire consequences that should be addressed. Clinical history and examination, mammogram and biopsy of the breast tissue is a comprehensive, widely used triple assessment used for breast lump diagnosis. Management of a lump can be by aspirating the contents if it proves to be a cyst, and other breast lumps can be surgically remove. Surgery incorporates lumpectomy (lump removal), partial mastectomy (some of the breast tissue is removed with the lump), and total mastectomy (entire breast tissue removed), which can incorporate lymph node sampling from the armpit. Surgery is followed by chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormonal therapy in cancer cases to reduce the likelihood of recurrence of cancer. Chemotherapy can have unpleasant side effects such as nausea, vomiting, loss of hair, lethargy, anemia, and susceptibility to infection.
Source: summary of medical news story as reported by www.di-ve.com
About: Breast cancer triple assessment
Date: 3 July 2005
Author: Gordon Caruana-Dingli
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