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The cause of fibroids is a mystery and they occur in 20-40% of women mostly aged 30 to 40 years. Fibroid growth is stimulated by hormones which is why some birth control pills speed up their growth. Some sufferers are asymptomatic whereas others have abnormal vaginal bleeding, heavy bleeding resulting in anemia, pain, discomfort, infertility and repeated miscarriages. Asymptomatic fibroids do not need to be treated as they aren't dangerous. Those experiencing symptoms can take gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists which reduce the size of fibroids. The downside of this therapy is it initiates menopause and the fibroids will grow back once treatment stops. Surgical options include a hysterectomy or myomectomy to remove just the fibroids. Fibroids may grow back after a myomectomy. A relatively new treatment called uterine artery embolization is a technique where the arterial blood supply to the fibroid is blocked with a catheter. Side effects of this treatment include cramping and the chance of fibroid regrowth is 10-30%. The presence of fibroids during pregnancy can cause a lot of pain as the fibroids often grow as the fetus grows.
Source: summary of medical news story as reported by Bowling Green Daily News
About: Fibroid tumors don't always require treatment
Date: 13 December 2004
Source: Bowling Green Daily News
Author: Alyssa Harvey
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