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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a female disorder involving hormone production by ovaries that produce cysts on the outside of the ovaries. Diagnosis of PCOS is by pelvic ultrasound, and testosterone (the male hormone) is elevated which causes some of the distressing symptoms of PCOS. Symptoms include male pattern facial hair, increased body hair, menstrual irregularities, acne, obesity, and infertility. Complications of PCOS include diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and miscarriages. Treatment is with normalization of periods with oral contraceptive pills, however this is not conducive with attempts to conceive. Recent studies have discovered that a low GI (glycemic index) diet can improve symptoms of PCOS by reducing the effect of insulin resistance of the body. This acts to decrease the amount of weight gain, blood cholesterol, and risk of diabetes and cardiac disease. Weight loss acts to normalize ovarian function and promote fertility. GI is an appreciation of how carbohydrates act to increase the amount of insulin release by the pancreas. Low GI foods (e.g protein, fats and fibre such as meat, dairy products, eggs, pulses) only cause a slight increase in insulin in the blood, while high GI foods (e.g. wheat, rice, refined sugars such as bread, pasta, candy) cause a great increase in insulin, which acts to store excess carbohydrates as fat.
Source: summary of medical news story as reported by Health.telegraph
About: GI diet to assist cystic ovary disease
Date: 28 June 2005
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