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Poland syndrome is a condition where there is a deficiency of subcutaneous fat and muscle on one side of the body. Symptoms may include chest muscle deformity, underdevelopment or absence of breast, nipple or ribs, patches of missing hair under arm, underdeveloped arm, hand and fingers, very short, webbed fingers and small elevated shoulder bone. Mild cases may be undiagnosed or misdiagnosed but it is estimated to affect 1 in 30,000 people. It is more common in men than women and is more likely to affect the right side of the body. Diagnosis can be done by visual assessment of symptoms at birth in severe cases or through computerized tomography (CT) scan which locates the affected muscles. Poland syndrome is frequently associated with Moebius or Klippel-Feil syndromes. Treatment involves surgical reconstruction of affected parts of body.
Source: summary of medical news story as reported by Rare Diseases
About: Recognising Poland Syndrome
Date: February 2005
Source: Rare Diseases
Author: Mary Kugler
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