Associated Conditions for Obesity
Excerpts on associated medical conditions for Obesity:
Obesity: NWHIC (Excerpt)
Overweight and obesity are linked to:
Heart disease. Heart disease is the leading cause of death
for both men and women in the United States. Heart disease includes
heart attack, heart failure, and angina (chest pain caused by
reduced blood flow to the heart).
Stroke. A stroke is sometimes called a "brain attack."
Most strokes are caused by a blood clot blocking an artery that takes
blood to the brain.
Diabetes. Overweight people are twice as likely to develop
type 2 diabetes as people who are not overweight. Type 2 diabetes
reduces your body's ability to control your blood sugar. It is a major
cause of early death, heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, and
blindness. If you have type 2 diabetes, losing weight and being more
physically active can help control your blood sugar levels. You may also
be able to reduce the amount of medicine that you need.
Cancer of the gallbladder, breast, uterus, cervix, and
ovaries (for women). Overweight men are at greater risk for developing
cancer of the colon, rectum, and prostate.
Gallstones or gallbladder disease. Gallbladder disease and
gallstones are more common if you are overweight. Your risk of disease
increases as your weight increases. But weight loss itself, particularly
rapid weight loss or loss of a large amount of weight, can actually
increase your chances of getting gallstones. Modest, slow weight loss of
about 1 pound a week is less likely to cause gallstones.
Osteoarthritis (wearing away of the joints).
Osteoarthritis is a common joint disorder that most often affects the
joints in your knees, hips, and lower back. Extra weight puts extra
pressure on these joints and wears away the cartilage (tissue that
cushions the joints) that normally protects them. Weight loss may
improve the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Gout (joint pain caused by excess uric acid).
Gout is a joint disease caused by high levels of uric acid in the blood.
Uric acid sometimes forms crystals that are deposited in the joints.
Gout is more common in overweight people. If you have a history of gout,
check with your doctor before trying to lose weight. Some diets may lead
to an attack of gout in people who have high levels of uric acid or who
have had gout before.
Breathing problems, including sleep apnea (interrupted
breathing during sleep). Sleep apnea is a serious condition that can
cause a person to stop breathing for short periods during sleep and to
snore heavily. Sleep apnea may cause daytime sleepiness and even heart
failure. The risk for sleep apnea increases with higher body weights.
Weight loss usually improves sleep apnea.
High blood cholesterol. High levels of total cholesterol,
LDL cholesterol ("bad cholesterol") and triglycerides (another
type of fat in the blood) can lead to heart disease. Obesity is also
linked to low levels of HDL cholesterol ("good cholesterol"). Weight
loss can improve your cholesterol levels.
High blood pressure. High blood pressure is a major risk
factor for heart disease and stroke. Obese adults are twice as likely to
have high blood pressure as those who are at a healthy weight. Weight
loss can lower your blood pressure.
Complications of pregnancy. Obesity increases the risks of
high blood pressure and a type of diabetes that develops during
pregnancy. Obese women are more likely to have problems with labor and
Irregular menstrual cycles and infertility. Abdominal
obesity is linked to polycystic ovary syndrome, a cause of
infertility in women.
Psychological and social effects, such as depression and
discrimination. One of the most painful aspects of obesity may be the
emotional suffering it causes. American society places great emphasis on
physical appearance, often equating attractiveness with slimness,
especially in women. The messages, intended or not, make overweight
people feel unattractive. Obese people often face prejudice or
discrimination at work, at school, while looking for a job, and in
social situations. Feelings of rejection, shame, or depression are
(Source: excerpt from Obesity: NWHIC
What You Need To Know About Cancer of the Uterus: NCI (Excerpt)
The body makes
some of its estrogen in fatty tissue. That's why obese women
are more likely than thin women to have higher levels of
estrogen in their bodies. High levels of estrogen may be the
reason that obese women have an increased risk of developing
uterine cancer. The risk of this disease is also higher in
women with diabetes or high blood pressure (conditions that
occur in many obese women). (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Cancer of the Uterus: NCI)
What You Need To Know About Kidney Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)
Obesity may increase the risk of
developing kidney cancer. In several studies, obesity has
been associated with increased risk in women. One report
suggests that being overweight may be a risk factor for men,
too. The reasons for this possible link are not clear. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Kidney Cancer: NCI)
List of associated medical conditions for Obesity:
The list of conditions mentioned by various sources
as associated with Obesity includes:
Obesity as a risk factor:
Another type of associated condition is one for which Obesity
is itself a risk factor. The conditions for which Obesity is listed as a risk
About associated conditions for Obesity:
Associated conditions are those which appear
statistically related, but do not have
a clear cause or effect relationship.
Whereas the complications
are caused by Obesity,
and underlying causes
may be causes of Obesity,
the following list shows associated conditions
that simply appear with higher frequency in people
who have Obesity.
In some cases, there may be overlap
between this list and risk factors
People with Obesity may be more likely to
get a condition on the list of associated conditions,
or the reverse may be true, or both.
Whether they are causes of, caused by, or simply
coincidentally related to Obesity
is not always clear.
For general information,
see Associated Condition Misdiagnosis.