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Types of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis: Types list

The list of types of Osteoarthritis mentioned in various sources includes:

Curable Types of Osteoarthritis:

  • Inflammatory osteoarthritis

Rare Types of Osteoarthritis:

Types discussion:

Handout on Health Osteoarthritis: NIAMS (Excerpt)

Usually, osteoarthritis comes on slowly. Early in the disease, joints may ache after physical work or exercise. Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint. Most often it occurs at the hands, hips, knees, or spine.

Hands: Osteoarthritis of the fingers is the one type of the disease that seems to be hereditary; that is, it runs in families. More women than men have it, especially after menopause. Small, bony knobs appear on the end joints of the fingers. They are called Heberden's nodes. Similar knobs (called Bouchard's [boo-SHARDZ] nodes) can appear on the middle joints of the fingers. Fingers can become enlarged and gnarled, and may ache or be stiff and numb. The base of the thumb joint is also commonly affected by osteoarthritis. This kind of osteoarthritis can be helped by medications, splints, or heat treatment. (Source: excerpt from Handout on Health Osteoarthritis: NIAMS)

Handout on Health Osteoarthritis: NIAMS (Excerpt)

Knees: The knees are the body's primary weight-bearing joints. For this reason, they are among the joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis. They may be stiff, swollen, and painful, making it hard to walk, climb, get in and out of chairs, and use bathtubs. If not treated, osteoarthritis in the knees can lead to disability. Medications, losing weight, exercise, and walking aids can reduce pain and disability. In severe cases, knee replacement surgery may be helpful. (Source: excerpt from Handout on Health Osteoarthritis: NIAMS)

Handout on Health Osteoarthritis: NIAMS (Excerpt)

Hips: Osteoarthritis in the hip can cause pain, stiffness, and severe disability. People may feel the pain in their hips, or in their groin, inner thigh, or knees. Walking aids such as canes or walkers can reduce stress on the hip. Osteoarthritis in the hip may limit moving and bending. This can make daily activities such as dressing and foot care a challenge. Walking aids, medication, and exercise can help relieve pain and improve motion. The doctor may recommend hip replacement if the pain is severe and not helped by other methods.

Spine: Stiffness and pain in the neck or in the lower back can result from osteoarthritis of the spine. Weakness or numbness of the arms or legs can also result. Some people feel better when they sleep on a firm mattress or sit using back support pillows. Others find help from heat treatment or an exercise program to strengthen the back and abdominal muscles. In severe cases, the doctor may suggest surgery to reduce pain and help restore function. (Source: excerpt from Handout on Health Osteoarthritis: NIAMS)

Osteoarthritis: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Osteoarthritis: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Osteoarthritis include:

Research More About Osteoarthritis

 

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