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Diagnostic Tests for Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis: Diagnostic Tests

The list of diagnostic tests mentioned in various sources as used in the diagnosis of Osteoporosis includes:

Home Diagnostic Testing

These home medical tests may be relevant to Osteoporosis:

Tests and diagnosis discussion for Osteoporosis:

Osteoporosis: NWHIC (Excerpt)

A family medical history and bone mass measurements are part of a complete assessment. Often a bone fracture is the first sign of osteoporosis. Ask your doctor to help you better understand your own risk and become aware of prevention and treatment options.

Routine x-rays can't detect osteoporosis until it's quite advanced, but other radiological methods can. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved several kinds of devices to estimate bone density. Most require far less radiation than a chest x-ray. Doctors consider a patient's medical history and risk factors in deciding who should have a bone density test. Readings are compared to a standard for the patient's age, sex and body size. Different parts of the skeleton may be measured, and low density at any site is worrisome. Bone density tests are useful for confirming a diagnosis of osteoporosis if a person has already had a suspicious fracture, or for detecting low bone density so that preventive steps can be taken. (Source: excerpt from Osteoporosis: NWHIC)

Osteoporosis -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA (Excerpt)

The most exact way to measure bone density is by a DEXA-scan (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry). This is done on the whole body. Ask your doctor about this test if you think you are at risk for osteoporosis or if you are a woman around the age of menopause or older.

The DEXA-scan can show whether you are at risk for a fracture. If you have already broken a bone and your doctor thinks you might have osteoporosis, the test can confirm the diagnosis. If more than one test is done at least a year apart, your doctor can compare the test results over time. Then he or she can see if the treatment has succeeded in slowing your bone loss.

The test results are reported as a number. If your doctor says your result was 2.5 SD (standard deviation) or more, this means you have osteoporosis. A test finding of 1SD to 2.5SD means you have some bone loss. This is known as osteopenia, and you are at risk of developing osteoporosis. (Source: excerpt from Osteoporosis -- Age Page -- Health Information: NIA)

Diagnosis of Osteoporosis: medical news summaries:

The following medical news items are relevant to diagnosis of Osteoporosis:

 

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