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Diseases » Ovarian Cancer » Summary
 

What is Ovarian Cancer?

What is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the ovary or ovaries of the female reproductive ...more »

  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Ovarian Cancer: A malignant neoplasm originating from the surface ovarian epithelium. It accounts for the greatest number of deaths from malignancies of the female genital tract and is the fifth leading cause of cancer fatalities in women. It is predominantly a disease of older white women of northern European extraction, but it is seen in all ages and ethnic groups. Adenocarcinomas constitute the vast majority of ovarian carcinomas. The pattern of metastatic spread in ovarian carcinoma is similar regardless of the microscopic type. The most common sites of involvement are the contralateral ovary, peritoneal cavity, para-aortic and pelvic lymph nodes, and liver. Lung and pleura are the most common sites of extra-abdominal spread. The primary form of therapy is surgical. The overall prognosis of ovarian carcinoma remains poor, a direct result of its rapid growth rate and the lack of early symptoms. --2002
    Source - Diseases Database

Ovarian Cancer is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Ovarian Cancer, or a subtype of Ovarian Cancer, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ovarian Cancer: Introduction

Types of Ovarian Cancer:

Types of Ovarian Cancer:

  • Epithelial ovarian cancers - about 85-90% of cases
    • Serous cell epithelial ovarian cancer
    • Mucinous epithelial ovarian cancer
    • Endometrioid epithelial ovarian cancer
    • Clear cell epithelial ovarian cancer
    • Undifferentiated epithelial ovarian tumors.
  • Ovarian germ cell tumors - about 10-15% of cases
  • Ovarian stromal tumors
  • Familial ovarian cancer - about 5-10% of cases; partially caused by genetic inherited risk.
    • Hereditary ovarian cancer syndrome
    • Hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome - combined genetic risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
    • Lynch II syndrome - family history of breast, ovarian, colon, endometrial and other cancers.
  • more types...»

Broader types of Ovarian Cancer:

How many people get Ovarian Cancer?

Incidence (annual) of Ovarian Cancer: 23,300 annual cases in USA (SEER 2002 estimate); about 1 in 57 women in the United States (NCI)
Incidence Rate of Ovarian Cancer: approx 1 in 11,673 or 0.01% or 23,300 people in USA [about data]
Lifetime risk of Ovarian Cancer: 1.4% lifetime risk; 1 in 108 women will develop ovarian cancer during their lifetime in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)

Who gets Ovarian Cancer?

Patient Profile for Ovarian Cancer: Typically women over 50 (or 45 to 65).

Profile for Ovarian Cancer: Most ovarian cancers occur in women over the age of 50, with the highest risk in women over 60. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Ovarian Cancer: NCI)

Gender Profile for Ovarian Cancer: Women only.

How serious is Ovarian Cancer?

Prognosis of Ovarian Cancer: Ovarian cancer is a particularly aggressive cancer and is rarely detected in its early stages.
Complications of Ovarian Cancer: see complications of Ovarian Cancer
Average life years lost for Ovarian Cancer: 16.9 years (SEER)1
Deaths for Ovarian Cancer: 13,627 deaths reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)

What causes Ovarian Cancer?

Causes of Ovarian Cancer: see causes of Ovarian Cancer
Risk factors for Ovarian Cancer: see risk factors for Ovarian Cancer

What are the symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer: see symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

Complications of Ovarian Cancer: see complications of Ovarian Cancer

Can anyone else get Ovarian Cancer?

Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.
Inheritance: see inheritance of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Ovarian Cancer.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Ovarian Cancer.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Ovarian Cancer: Gynecologist, Gynecologic oncologist, Oncologist, Radiation oncologist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Ovarian Cancer.
Treatments for Ovarian Cancer: see treatments for Ovarian Cancer
Alternative treatments for Ovarian Cancer: see alternative treatments for Ovarian Cancer
Prevention of Ovarian Cancer: see prevention of Ovarian Cancer
Research for Ovarian Cancer: see research for Ovarian Cancer

Society issues for Ovarian Cancer


Hospitalization statistics for Ovarian Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Ovarian Cancer:

  • 0.27% (34,086) of hospital consultant episodes were for malignant neoplasm of ovary in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 94% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of ovary required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of ovary were women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 14% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of ovary required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Ovarian Cancer:

Organs and body systems related to Ovarian Cancer include:

Name and Aliases of Ovarian Cancer

Main name of condition: Ovarian Cancer

Class of Condition for Ovarian Cancer: cancer

Other names or spellings for Ovarian Cancer:

Cancer of the Ovary

Carcinoma of ovary Source - Diseases Database

Ovarian neoplasms
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ovarian Cancer: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Ovarian Cancer:



Footnotes:
1. SEER Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2000, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
 

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