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Diseases » Overweight » Glossary
 

Glossary for Overweight

  • Binge eating disorder: Excessive overeating but without purging
  • Breast Cancer: Cancer of the breast.
  • Breathing difficulty: Various types of breathing difficulty (dyspnea).
  • Cardiovascular Disease: Diseases of the heart or blood vessels including cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke.
  • Chromosome 1, uniparental disomy 1q12 q21: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Chromosome 1p deletion syndrome: A rare chromosomal disorder where part or all of the short arm (p) of chromosome 1 is deleted resulting in various abnormalities which are determined by the size of the deleted portion.
  • Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon (bowel) or rectum.
  • Coronary heart disease: Disease affecting the heart's arteries (narrowed arteries)
  • Deep vein thrombosis: Blood clot in vein, often in calf muscle vein in the leg.
  • Deletion of the Short Arm of Chromosome 1: A condition characterized by deletion of the short arm of chromosome 1
  • Elevated BMI: An increase in the body mass index of an individual
  • Gall Bladder Cancer: Cancer of the gall bladder.
  • Gall bladder conditions: Any condition that affects the gallbladder
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Repeated reflux of stomach acid into the throat.
  • Gout: Painful joints, most commonly the big toe.
  • Heart attack: Serious and often fatal acute heart condition
  • Heart disease: Any of various heart conditions.
  • Heart failure: Slow failure of the heart (cardiac insufficiency).
  • High Cholesterol: High levels of blood cholesterol, triglycerides, or other lipids.
  • Hypertension: High blood pressure
  • Hypothalamic dysfunction: Abnormal function of the thalamus located in the brain. The thalamus controls pituitary gland function which in turn controls other hormone producing glands such as the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, ovaries and testes. The thalamus also regulates functions such as temperature control, emotions, sleep, appetite and salt balance. Abnormal thalamus functioning may be caused by such things as surgery, infection, genetic disorders, poor nutrition and tumors.
  • Kidney Cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the kidneys
  • Klinefelter syndrome: A genetic condition where males have at least one extra X chromosome or extra copies of both the X and Y chromosomes in each cell. Normally male cells contain one X and one Y chromosome in each cell. The condition is not inherited but is a result of problems during cell division. Klinefelter syndrome variants is a more severe form of the condition as it involves more than one extra X or X and Y chromosome in each cell.
  • Klinefelter syndrome variant:
  • Klinefelter syndrome, variants: A genetic condition where males have at least one extra X chromosome or extra copies of both the X and Y chromosomes in each cell. Normally male cells contain one X and one Y chromosome in each cell. The condition is not inherited but is a result of problems during cell division.
  • Lipoprotein disorder: Abnormal lipoprotein use or processing by the body. The main repercussions of the disorder tends to be fatty deposits called xanthomas and premature heart disease. Examples of specific lipoprotein disorders includes type II hyperlipoproteinemia, hypoalphalipoproteinemia, hypertriglyceridemia and high lipoprotein a levels. Lipoprotein disorders can also result in harmfully low levels of lipoproteins which can cause symptoms such as failure to thrive and neuromuscular degeneration. Abetalipoproteinemia is an example of a lipoprotein disorder involving low blood lipoprotein levels.
  • Metabolic Syndrome: A common body syndrome with the "deadly quartet" of major conditions: obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and high lipids.
  • Nutritional conditions: Medical conditions related to nutrition, including nutritional deficiencies.
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Obesity in children: Obesity in children refers to a child who is overweight to a degree that it impacts health.
  • Obesity-like conditions: Medical conditions similar to obesity or highly related to obesity.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability.
  • Physical inactivity: When an individual is physically inactive
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Proteinuria: Protein in the urine
  • Pulmonary embolism: Blocked lung blood vessel often from a blood clot.
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes: Syndromes involving the cessation of breathing during sleep. Examples include obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. The condition may range from mild to severe.
  • Sleep apnea: Childhood obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Slipped epiphysis: Slippage of joint cartilage at the hip joint
  • Snoring: is the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound, due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping.
  • Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein wall
  • Thrombosis: Blood clot occurring in a blood vessel
  • Type 2 diabetes: Most common diabetes in adults, usually progressing slowly, mostly treated without insulin at diagnosis.
  • Uterine Cancer: Cancer of the uterus.
  • Weight conditions: Disorders affecting body weight, including overweight and underweight conditions.
  • Weight cycling: The cyclic changing of a persons weight
  • Weight gain: An increase in weight for any reason.
  • Weight loss: Loss of body weight.

 

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