See what questions
a doctor would ask.
Cortisol is normally produced by the adrenal glands, located just above the kidneys. It belongs to a class of hormones called glucocorticoids, which affect almost every organ and tissue in the body. Scientists think that cortisol has possibly hundreds of effects in the body. Cortisol's most important job is to help the body respond to stress. Among its other vital tasks, cortisol:
Because cortisol is so vital to health, the amount of cortisol produced by the adrenals is precisely balanced. Like many other hormones, cortisol is regulated by the brain's hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, a bean-sized organ at the base of the brain. (Source: excerpt from Addison's Disease: NIDDK)
Adrenal glands: The adrenal glands are a pair of endocrine glands, one located on the top of each kidney. The adrenal glands produce a variety of hormones, chemical substances that help to regulate a wide variety of the body's processes. The adrenal glands and the hormones they produce play a big role in such processes as metabolism, water and electrolyte balance, sexual development and function, the immune system, and the stress response.
The adrenal glands include two regions, the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla, which each produce different hormones. Adrenal hormones include the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine, and the adrenal steroid hormones: adrenal androgen hormones, mineralocorticoids, and glucocorticoids. Conditions that can afflict the adrenal glands include Addison's disease, Cushing's syndrome, pheochromocytoma, hyperaldosteronism, adrenal tumors, adrenal cancer, and trauma.
The following organs are closely related to the organ: Adrenal glands:
The following conditions are related to the organ: Adrenal glands:
The following are other names for the organ: Adrenal glands:
The following list contains sub-parts of the organ: Adrenal glands:
These symptoms are related to afflictions of the organ: Adrenal glands:
Condition count: 12 ; see list below.
Produces: adrenalin, noradrenalin, aldosterone, mineralocorticoid hormones, glucocorticoid hormones
Number: 2 adrenal glands
Main condition: Adrenal disorders
Organs: list of all organs
Search Specialists by State and City