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Oxytocin: A synthetic form of a natural posterior pituitary hormone that stimulates uterine smooth muscle contractions and mammary glands to cause ejection of milk. Current Use: Postpartum Hemorrhage and Placental Delivery. (NCI)
Source: Diseases Database
Oxytocin : peptide hormone produced by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland that induces contraction of the smooth muscle of the uterus and the myoepithelial cells of the mammary gland.
Oxytocin: Oxytocin is one of the pituitary hormones, chemical substances made and/or stored by the three lobes of the pituitary gland. Oxytocin is produced by the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Its function is to promote the contraction of the uterus during labor and the release of milk for lactation.
Oxytocin release is stimulated by the hypothalamus, in response to nipple stimulation or the stretching of the cervix. Conditions that can afflict oxytocin include oxytocin deficiency, empty sella syndrome, adenoma, hypopituitarism, and head trauma.
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