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Organs » Small intestine
 

Small intestine

Introduction: Small intestine

The small intestine receives food after the stomach, extracts various nutrients, and then passes the food to the large intestine. The connecting region between the stomach and small intestine is called the duodenum. Food in the small intestine is called chyme, and is processed by pancreatic enzumes (from the pancreas) and by bile produced by the liver. Folds in the small intestine and small projections called villi are used to absorb nutrients. The small intestine does almost all nutrient absorption, performing processing of sugars, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, whereas the large intestine mainly absorbs water and salts from the remaining contents.

Descriptions of Small intestine

Small intestine: The part of the digestive tract that is located between the stomach and the large intestine.
Source: National Institute of Health

Small intestine: the longest part of the alimentary canal; where digestion is completed
Source: WordNet 2.1

Small intestine : proximal part of the intestine, extending from the pylorus to the cecum; about twenty feet long in humans.
Source: CRISP

Summary Information: Small intestine

Small intestine: The small intestine is a hollow organ located in the abdomen and is a part of the digestive system and the gastrointestinal tract. The function of the small intestine is to further break down partially digested food from the stomach and to absorb nutrients from digested food. Pancreatic juice, bile, and intestinal secretions are secreted into the small intestine to help digest food. There are three main parts of the small intestine: the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum. After digestion, food residue moves from the small intestine into the large intestine.

Conditions that afflict the small intestine include small intestine cancer, celiac disease, inguinal hernia, Crohn's disease, paralytic ileus, ulcers, and small intestine obstruction.

Closely Related Organs: Small intestine

The following organs are closely related to the organ: Small intestine:

Conditions Afflicting Organs: Small intestine

The following conditions are related to the organ: Small intestine:

Other Names: Small intestine

The following are other names for the organ: Small intestine:

Sub Parts: Small intestine

The following list contains sub-parts of the organ: Small intestine:

Symptoms Related to Afflictions of: Small intestine

These symptoms are related to afflictions of the organ: Small intestine:

Condition count: 7 ; see list below.

Organ types: Digestive system (127), Intestine (43)

Related organs: stomach (36), intestines (43), duodenum (4), large intestine (19), bowel (19), colon (16), pancreas (24), bile, villi

Organs: list of all organs

Small intestine: Related Topics

Diseases List for Small intestine:

The following list of medical conditions have 'Small intestine' or similar listed as an affected body part in our database:

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M

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