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What is Polycystic ovary syndrome?

What is Polycystic ovary syndrome?

PCOS is the acronym for polycystic ovarian syndrome. PCOS is a common condition in women that is due to the ...more »

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: clinical symptom complex characterized by presence of multiple cysts on the ovaries, oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, anovulation and regularly associated with excessive amounts of body hair (hirsuitism), excessive body weight, infertility and insulin resistance.
    Source - Diseases Database

Polycystic ovary syndrome is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Polycystic ovary syndrome, or a subtype of Polycystic ovary syndrome, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list Polycystic ovary syndrome as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

Polycystic ovary syndrome: Introduction

Types of Polycystic ovary syndrome:

Broader types of Polycystic ovary syndrome:

How many people get Polycystic ovary syndrome?

Prevalance of Polycystic ovary syndrome: 5-10% women of childbearing age (20-40); 30% of women have some PCOS symptoms (NWHIC).
Prevalance Rate of Polycystic ovary syndrome: approx 1 in 40 or 2.50% or 6.8 million people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Polycystic ovary syndrome: An estimated five to 10% of women of childbearing age have PCOS (ages 20-40). At least 30% of women have some symptoms of PCOS. (Source: excerpt from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): NWHIC)

Who gets Polycystic ovary syndrome?

Patient Profile for Polycystic ovary syndrome: Women with PCOS can be any age and may have had symptoms of PCOS such as irregular periods all their life.

Gender Profile for Polycystic ovary syndrome: Women only (related to ovaries).

How serious is Polycystic ovary syndrome?

Prognosis of Polycystic ovary syndrome: good response to treatment but recurrences often occur
Complications of Polycystic ovary syndrome: see complications of Polycystic ovary syndrome

What causes Polycystic ovary syndrome?

Causes of Polycystic ovary syndrome: see causes of Polycystic ovary syndrome
Cause of Polycystic ovary syndrome: PCOS is caused by problems with the ovaries from cysts in the ovaries. The ovaries are inhibited from normal female hormone control, resulting in an imbalance with too many male-like hormones. The hormone imbalance causes the symptoms such as male-like hair growth and mild diabetes.
Risk factors for Polycystic ovary syndrome: see risk factors for Polycystic ovary syndrome

What are the symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome?

Symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome: see symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome

Complications of Polycystic ovary syndrome: see complications of Polycystic ovary syndrome

Onset of Polycystic ovary syndrome: women of reproductive age

Polycystic ovary syndrome: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Polycystic ovary syndrome.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Polycystic ovary syndrome.

How is it treated?

Treatments for Polycystic ovary syndrome: see treatments for Polycystic ovary syndrome
Research for Polycystic ovary syndrome: see research for Polycystic ovary syndrome

Organs Affected by Polycystic ovary syndrome:

Organs and body systems related to Polycystic ovary syndrome include:

Name and Aliases of Polycystic ovary syndrome

Main name of condition: Polycystic ovary syndrome

Other names or spellings for Polycystic ovary syndrome:

PCOS, PCO, Stein-Leventhal syndrome, polycystic ovarian syndrome, polycystic bilateral ovarian syndrome, bilateral polycystic ovarian syndrome, ovarian hyperthecosis, sclerocystic ovarian disease, functional ovarian hyperandrogenism, sclerocystic ovary syndrome

PCOS, Stein-Leventhal syndrome Source - Diseases Database

Hyperandrogenemia, PCO, PCO1, PCOS1, Polycystic ovary syndrome 1, PCO1, PCOS1, Polycystic ovary syndrome 1, Stein-Leventhal syndrome, Hyperandrogenemia
Source - Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Polycystic ovary syndrome: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Polycystic ovary syndrome:

 

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