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Diseases » Phenylketonuria » Inheritance
 

Inheritance and Genetics of Phenylketonuria

Genetics of Phenylketonuria:

Phenylketonuria is a genetic defect that exhibits autosomal recessive inheritance.

Phenylketonuria: Genetics Information

Genetics of Phenylketonuria: Classical PKU is an autosomal recessive disorder, caused by mutations in both alleles of the gene for phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), found on chromosome 12. In the body, phenylalanine hydroxylase converts the amino acid phenylalanine to tyrosine, another amino acid. Mutations in both copies of the gene for PAH means that the enzyme is inactive or is less efficient, and the concentration of phenylalanine in the body can build up to toxic levels. In some cases, mutations in PAH will result in a phenotypically mild form of PKU called hyperphenylalanemia. Both diseases are the result of a variety of mutations in the PAH locus; in those cases where a patient is heterozygous for two mutations of PAH (ie each copy of the gene has a different mutation), the milder mutation will predominate. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology)

About inheritance and genetics:

Inheritance of Phenylketonuria refers to whether the condition is inherited from your parents or "runs" in families. The level of inheritance of a condition depends on how important genetics are to the disease. Strongly genetic diseases are usually inherited, partially genetic diseases are sometimes inherited, and non-genetic diseases are not inherited. For general information, see Introduction to Genetics.

 

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