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Diseases » Pituitary Cancer » Glossary
 

Glossary for Pituitary Cancer

  • Acromegaly: A hormonal disorder involving excess growth hormone production by the pituitary gland.
  • Adenoma: General term for a benign tumor of a gland
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods due to many possible causes.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Cushing's disease: A condition of hyperadrenocorticism which is secondary to excessive pituitary secretion of ACTH. Cushing's disease is different to Cushing's syndrome which refers to the effects of glucocorticoid excess from any cause.
  • Diabetes Insipidus: Rare pituitary disorder often affecting the kidneys.
  • Dwarfism: Short stature. There are several types of dwarfism: acromelic (short hand and foot bones), mesomelic (short forearm and lower leg bones) and rhizomelic (short upper arm and leg bones).
  • Endocrine system cancer: Cancer that affects any gland in the endocrine system
  • Endocrine system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the endocrine systems, such as the related hormones or glands.
  • Female infertility: Infertility that affects the female
  • Gigantism: A rare endocrine disorder where excess growth hormone is produced prior to puberty.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Hereditary hypothyroidism: Hereditary hypothyroidism is a condition in which there is a defect in the thyroid gland which leads to increased production of TSH reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Hyperprolactinemia: High levels of prolactin in the blood.
  • Hyperthyroidism: Too much thyroid hormone production.
  • Hypopituitarism: A disorder caused by reduced pituitary hormone levels. Hormones produce by the pituitary gland produces growth hormones, prolactin, thyroid stimulating hormone, antidiuretic hormone and others.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Late start of menstruation: Late first period in adolescent girls
  • Low libido: Reduced sexual drive or desire.
  • Male infertility: The inability of the male to reproduce
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia: A group of conditions that is characterised by the hyperplasia and hyperfunction of two or more glands of the endocrine system
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: Rare inherited disease causing tumors in multiple glands
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Optic atrophy: Dysfunction of the optic nerve which results in impaired vision. The disorder may be congenital or acquired. The rate and degree of atrophy is greatly variable depending on the cause.
  • Optic nerve damage: Any damage either structurally or functionally to the eye that may result in permanent visual loss
  • Optic nerve disorder: Any condition which impairs the function of the optic nerve. Examples of such conditions includes glaucoma, optic nerve inflammation and impaired blood supply to the optic nerve.
  • Pituitary conditions: Any condition that affects the pituitary
  • Primary hypothyroidism: Primary hypothyroidism is a condition in which a defect in the thyroid gland leads to reduced production of thyroid hormone.
  • Prolactinoma: Benign cancer of the pituitary gland producing prolactin.
  • Vision changes: Any change in vision or sight.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
  • Werner syndrome: A form of premature aging where sufferers start aging during adolescence or soon after and appear old by the time they reach their 30's or 40's. Milder forms of the condition may also occur.

 

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