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Types of Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease: Types list

The list of types of Polycystic kidney disease mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Autosomal dominant PKD - about 90% of PKD cases; typically symptoms age 30-40 but can occur in childhood.
  • Autosomal recessive PKD - symptoms start immediately in babies.
  • Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) - non-genetic form; occurs in people with long-term kidney failure or dialysis.

Types discussion:

Polycystic Kidney Disease: NIDDK (Excerpt)

Medical professionals describe two major inherited forms of PKD and a noninherited form:

  • Autosomal dominant PKD is the most common, inherited form. Symptoms usually develop between the ages of 30 and 40, but they can begin earlier, even in childhood. About 90 percent of all PKD cases are autosomal dominant PKD.

  • Autosomal recessive PKD is a rare, inherited form. Symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD begin in the earliest months of life, even in the womb.

  • Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) develops in association with long-term kidney problems, especially in patients who have kidney failure and who have been on dialysis for a long time. Therefore it tends to occur in later years of life. It is not an inherited form of PKD.
(Source: excerpt from Polycystic Kidney Disease: NIDDK)

Polycystic Kidney Disease: NWHIC (Excerpt)

There are three different types of PKD, which vary according to the way people can get the different forms. One of the inherited forms is domininant, meaning that those who have the gene from either their mother or father, will have the disease. The other inherited form, which is recessive, only develops in those individuals who have copies of the gene from both parents; otherwise, they carry the gene and may pass it to their children, but they themselves may not have kidney disease.

Autosomal dominant PKD is the most common, inherited form. Symptoms usually develop between the ages of 30 and 40, but they can begin earlier, even in childhood. About 90 percent of all PKD cases are autosomal dominant PKD.

Autosomal recessive PKD is a rare, inherited form. Symptoms of autosomal recessive PKD begin in the earliest months of life, even in the womb.

Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) develops in association with long-term kidney problems, especially in patients who have kidney failure and who have been on dialysis for a long time. Therefore it tends to occur in later years of life. It is not an inherited form of PKD. (Source: excerpt from Polycystic Kidney Disease: NWHIC)

Polycystic kidney disease: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Polycystic kidney disease: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Polycystic kidney disease include:

Research More About Polycystic kidney disease

 

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