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Treatments for Polycystic kidney disease

Treatment List for Polycystic kidney disease

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Polycystic kidney disease includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

  • Medications
  • Avoid high blood pressure - see prevention of hypertension or treatment of hypertension
  • Hypertension medications
  • Avoid kidney infections - see prevention of kidney infections
  • Kidney dialysis
  • Kidney transplant
  • Treatment of polycystic kidney disease is dependant upon the severity of the kidney damage, the age of the patient, and any other health problems that the patient might have. Treatments include:
    • Observation - for patients with no hypertension and normal renal function
    • Aggressive management of high blood pressure - helps slow progression of renal disease. ACE (Angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors and ARB's (Angiotensin II receptor blockers) are considered first line therapy
    • Avoidance of medications that may contribute to further renal damage - NSAID's, IV contrast
    • Smoking cessation - people who continue to smoke progress to end stage renal failure sooner
    • Aggressive management of urinary tract infections with appropriate antibiotics
    • Surgical decompression of cysts or nephrectomy for abdominal pain
    • Dietary management
      • Protein restriction - may have a role in slowing the progress of renal failure, and is important to manage uremic symptoms in advanced failure, but needs to be managed carefully to avoid malnutrition
      • Salt and water restriction as necessary to manage fluid overload
      • Phosphate restriction
      • Potassium restriction as necessary
    • Management of chronic renal failure related to polycystic disease:
      • Erythropoietin agonists - for management of anaemia associated with chronic renal failure
      • Phosphate binders - for management of hyperphosphatemia in chronic renal failure
      • Calcium supplements - for hypocalcaemia
      • Calcitriol and other Vitamin D supplements - for hypocalcaemia and hyperparathyroidism associated with chronic renal failure
      • Sodium bicarbonate - for acid-base disturbance
      • Diuretics - may be used in situation of volume overload
      • Renal dialysis - used when there are manifestations of uraemia and the GFR is < 10mL/min
      • Renal transplantation

Polycystic kidney disease: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Polycystic kidney disease may include:

Polycystic kidney disease: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

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Polycystic kidney disease: Research Doctors & Specialists

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Hospital statistics for Polycystic kidney disease:

These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Polycystic kidney disease:

  • 0.012% (1,487) of hospital consultant episodes were for cystic kidney disease in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 85% of hospital consultant episodes for cystic kidney disease required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 54% of hospital consultant episodes for cystic kidney disease were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 46% of hospital consultant episodes for cystic kidney disease were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 29% of hospital consultant episodes for cystic kidney disease required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more hospital information...»

Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Polycystic kidney disease

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Polycystic kidney disease:

Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »

Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Polycystic kidney disease, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

Discussion of treatments for Polycystic kidney disease:

PKD has no cure. Treatments include
  • Medicine and surgery to reduce pain

  • Antibiotics to resolve infections

  • Dialysis and transplantation to replace functions of failed kidneys
(Source: excerpt from Polycystic Kidney Disease: NIDDK)

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