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Diseases » Pregnancy » Glossary
 

Glossary for Pregnancy

  • Abruptio Placentae: Placental bleeding usually late in a pregnancy.
  • Adolescent conditions: Symptoms that are evident due to puberty
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods due to many possible causes.
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Bell's Palsy: A usually temporary facial nerve disorder where a part or all of the face becomes suddenly paralysed.
  • Birth symptoms: Symptoms related to childbirth.
  • Bladder Incontinence (Pregnancy): Bladder incontinence that occurs during pregnancy
  • Breast Cancer: Cancer of the breast.
  • Breast pain: Pain in or near the breasts (mastodynia)
  • Breech pregnancy: Pregnancy with fetus reversed with head up.
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Hand or wrist problems; often from repetitive motion.
  • Childbirth: Delivery of a fetus by a pregnant woman.
  • Chloasma: Red facial marks in women related to hormones
  • Choreoathetosis: Choreoathetosis is the occurrence of involuntary movements in a combination of chorea and athetosis.
  • Coccidioidomycosis: An infectious disease caused by a fungus called Coccidioides immitis which is found in the soil. Transmission usually occurs through inhalation but can rarely occur through the skin. Very rarely, infection can spread throughout the body to involve the skin, bones, joints, lungs and central nervous system which can be fatal if untreated.
  • Constipation: Difficult or dry bowel movements
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Depressive symptoms: Inappropriate depressed mood.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.
  • Eating disorders: Various mental disorders impairing normal eating or appetite.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: A condition where a fertilized egg embeds itself outside the uterus.
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome: A pattern of mental and physical birth defects caused by excessive alcohol use during pregnancy. The range and severity of the symptoms may vary greatly.
  • Folate deficiency: Inadequate consumption of folic acid to meet the body's needs. Folic acid is a naturally occurring vitamin found in green leafy vegetables, liver, yeast and mushrooms. Alcohol and excessive cooking can affect folic acid absorption. Some medications may also cause folic acid deficiency. Folate deficiency during pregnancy can result in neural tube defects in the infant.
  • Food poisoning: Poisoning from a substance or microbe in food.
  • Forgetfulness: Forgetting things or loss of memory ability
  • Galactorrhea: Abnormal breast milk production
  • Galactorrhoea-Hyperprolactinaemia: Increased blood prolactin levels associated with galactorrhea (abnormal milk secretion). It may be caused by such things as certain medications, pituitary disorders and thyroid disorders. The condition can occur in males as well as females.
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: Repeated reflux of stomach acid into the throat.
  • Goiter: Swollen neck thyroid gland
  • Group B Streptococcal Infections: "Strep" bacteria that may affect newborns and the immune-compromised; compare strep A.
  • Hair loss: Loss or thinning of head or body hair
  • Hemorrhoids: Swollen blood vessels around the anus.
  • Hernia: General term for an organ protruding where it should not.
  • Herpes: Virus with one subtype causing cold sores and another causing genital herpes.
  • Hydatidiform mole: A rare condition where an abnormal union between an egg and a sperm results in the formation of grape-like cysts instead of a baby. The growth is not malignant.
  • Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Rare condition of excessive vomiting during pregnancy
  • Hyperpigmentation: Excess skin pigment or coloration
  • Hyponatraemia: Hyponatraemia means there is a lower than normal concentration of sodium in the blood.
  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation: Slowly growing fetus in the womb during pregnancy
  • Iron deficiency: When there is a deficiency of iron in the body
  • Leiomyoma: Benign tumour of smooth muscle.
  • Listeriosis: Bacterial food poisoning
  • Mastalgia: Generalized breast pain or tenderness
  • Menopause: The end of female menstruation and fertility.
  • Mental dullness: A condition which is characterized by feelings of sadness, disrepair and discouragement
  • Migraine: Chronic recurring headaches with or without a preceding aura.
  • Miscarriage: Loss of fetus without human interference
  • Morning sickness: Pregnancy-related nausea or vomiting, usually in mornings.
  • Muscle cramps: A condition which is characterized by the uncontrolled contractions of muscles
  • Nausea: The queasy feeling of nausea and often also vomiting.
  • Neonatal lupus: Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a rare disorder caused by the transplacental passage of maternal autoantibodies. The most common clinical manifestations are cardiac, dermatologic, and hepatic. Some infants may also have hematologic abnormalities.
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Oligomenorrhea: A medical term that refers to light or infrequent menstrual periods. The condition can be caused by a number of disorders including Graves disease, thyrotoxicosis or a pituitary tumor.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Otosclerosis: Genetic ear bone disorder
  • Ovarian Cancer: Cancer of the ovaries.
  • Placenta previa: Misplaced placenta covering the cervix
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Polyhydramnios: Excess amniotic fluid around a fetus in the womb. The condition may occur as a result of gastrointestinal, neurological, lung or other disorders. Mild cases are asymptomatic but more severe cases can result in problems for the mother and the baby.
  • Postpartum psychosis: The occurrence of psychosis in a woman that occurs after the birth of a child
  • Postpartum thyroiditis: A condition which is characterized by inflammation of the thyroid after a pregnancy
  • Pregnancy symptoms: Symptoms related to pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy-associated osteoporosis: Osteoporosis in pregnancy is a very rare disorder.
  • Pregnancy-related conditions: Any condition that is related to or caused by pregnancy
  • Premature Birth: Early delivery of a fetus (before 37th week).
  • Premenstrual syndrome: Condition with cyclic symptoms related to menstruation.
  • Prolactinoma: Benign cancer of the pituitary gland producing prolactin.
  • Pruritus: The sensation of itch
  • Pyelonephritis: Kidney and ureter infection usually bacterial from the bladder.
  • Separated Rectus Abdominal Muscles: When there is separation of the rectus abdominal muscles
  • Small baby: Small size of newborn baby
  • Stillbirth: Where a woman delivers a child who is dead
  • Stroke: Serious brain event from bleeding or blood clots.
  • Superficial thrombophlebitis: Inflammation of a vein wall
  • Telangiectasia: The permanent dilation of pre-existing small blood vessels
  • Third heart sound: extra heart sound that occurs after the normal two "lub-dub" heart sounds
  • Thromboembolism: Lodgement of a blood clot causing blockage
  • Thrombophilia:
  • Urinary tract infections: Infection of the urinary system; usually bacterial.
  • Urine retention: Partial or total inability to excrete urine
  • Uterine fibroids: Benign nodules in the uterus wall.
  • Uterine leiomyoma: A condition which is characterized by a benign tumour of the uterus derived from smooth muscle
  • Uterus conditions: Any condition that affects the female uterus
  • Uterus symptoms: Symptoms affecting the female uterus
  • Vagina conditions: Any condition that affects the female vagina
  • Vaginal candidiasis: Fungal infection of the vagina, sometimes called thrush.
  • Varicose veins: Enlarged blue veins, usually in the legs.
  • Vomiting: Vomiting or retching symptoms.
  • Weight Gain: An increase in weight for any reason.
  • Women-only conditions: Conditions affecting women (females), but not males.
  • Womens health conditions: Medical conditions related to women's health.

 

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