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Diseases » Prolactinoma » Glossary

Glossary for Prolactinoma

  • Acromegaly: A hormonal disorder involving excess growth hormone production by the pituitary gland.
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods due to many possible causes.
  • Benign tumor: A tumor or growth that remains localized; not always harmless.
  • Breast symptoms: Any symptom affecting one or both breasts.
  • Cancer: Abnormal overgrowth of body cells.
  • Cushing's syndrome: A rare syndrome where excessive secretion of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex leads to a variety of symptoms. Hormone-secreting adrenal or pituitary tumors are often the cause of the excessive corticosteroid secretion.
  • Depression: Various syndromes with excessive anxiety, phobias, or fear.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Dyspareunia: Vaginal pain after sexual intercourse
  • Endocrine system cancer: Cancer that affects any gland in the endocrine system
  • Endocrine system conditions: Medical conditions affecting the endocrine systems, such as the related hormones or glands.
  • Eye symptoms: Symptoms affecting the eye
  • Female infertility: Infertility that affects the female
  • Female sexual symptoms: Symptoms of the female sexual organs.
  • Forbes-Albright syndrome: A rare condition where a hormone secreting pituitary or hypothalamic tumor causes galactorrhea and amenorrhea.
  • Galactorrhoea-Hyperprolactinaemia: Increased blood prolactin levels associated with galactorrhea (abnormal milk secretion). It may be caused by such things as certain medications, pituitary disorders and thyroid disorders. The condition can occur in males as well as females.
  • Headache: In medicine a headache or cephalalgia is a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and sometimes neck. Some of the causes are benign while others are medical emergencies. It ranks among the most common pain complaints
  • Homonymous hemianopia: Partial blindness which leads to loss of vision in the same visual field of both the eyes.
  • Hyperprolactinemia: High levels of prolactin in the blood.
  • Hypothyroidism: Too little thyroid hormone production.
  • Impaired glucose tolerance: Mild glucose metabolism problems not severe enough to be called diabetes.
  • Impotence: Inability to attain or sustain an erection.
  • Libido symptoms: Change in sexual interest or sex drive.
  • Menstrual conditions: Any condition that is associated with the female menstrual cycle
  • Menstrual irregularities: Any condition that is associated with the female menstrual cycle
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: Rare inherited disease causing tumors in multiple glands
  • Optic nerve disorder: Any condition which impairs the function of the optic nerve. Examples of such conditions includes glaucoma, optic nerve inflammation and impaired blood supply to the optic nerve.
  • Osteoporosis: Bone thinning and weakening from bone calcium depletion.
  • Pituitary Cancer: Cancer of the pituitary gland.
  • Pituitary conditions: Any condition that affects the pituitary
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder that affects approximately 5% of all women.
  • Pregnancy: The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth.
  • Vaginal Dryness: Vaginal dryness interfering with sex.


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