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Diseases » Prostate Cancer » Summary
 

What is Prostate Cancer?

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men and a leading cancer killer. Prostate cancer ...more »

  • Prostate Cancer: Cancer of the prostate.
  • Prostate Cancer: Prostate adenocarcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors afflicting men. The majority of adenocarcinomas arise in the peripheral zone and a minority occur in the central or the transitional zone of the prostate gland. Grading of prostatic adenocarcinoma predicts disease progression and correlates with survival. Several grading systems have been proposed, of which the Gleason system is the most commonly used. Gleason sums of 2 to 4 represent well-differentiated disease, 5 to 7 moderately differentiated disease and 8 to 10 poorly differentiated disease. Prostatic-specific antigen (PSA) serum test is widely used as a screening test for the early detection of prostatic adenocarcinoma. Treatment options include radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, androgen ablation and cryotherapy. Watchful waiting or surveillance alone is an option for older patients with low-grade or low-stage disease. --2002
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Prostate Cancer: cancer of the prostate gland.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Prostate Cancer: Introduction

Types of Prostate Cancer:

Types of Prostate Cancer:

  • Stages of the cancer:
    • Stage I (A) prostate cancer - tumor so small it cannot be felt by a DRE; tumor has not spread.
    • Stage II (B) prostate cancer - tumor larger (can be felt by DRE), but has not spread beyond prostrate.
    • Stage III (C) prostate cancer - local spreading to tissue near the prostrate.
    • Stage IV (D) prostate cancer - spread to lymph nodes or has metastasized to other body areas.
  • more types...»

Broader types of Prostate Cancer:

How many people get Prostate Cancer?

Incidence (annual) of Prostate Cancer: 189,000 annual cases in USA (SEER 2002 estimate); 168,665 new cases (NIDDK)
Incidence Rate of Prostate Cancer: approx 1 in 1,439 or 0.07% or 189,000 people in USA [about data]
Lifetime risk of Prostate Cancer: 1 in 11 men will develop prostate cancer during their lifetime in Australia 2000 (AIHW and AACR, AIHW National Mortality Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
Prevalance of Prostate Cancer: The second leading cause of cancer death in American men, prostate cancer will be diagnosed in an estimated 184,500 American men in 1998 and will claim the lives of an estimated 39,200. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology)

Who gets Prostate Cancer?

Patient Profile for Prostate Cancer: Typically men over 55; average age is 70.

Profile for Prostate Cancer: Prostate cancer mortality rates are more than two times higher for African-American men than white men. The incidence of prostate cancer increases with age; more than 75% of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over age 65. (Source: Genes and Disease by the National Center for Biotechnology) ... In the United States, prostate cancer is found mainly in men over age 55. The average age of patients at the time of diagnosis is 70. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer: NCI)

Gender Profile for Prostate Cancer: Male only.

Race Profile for Prostate Cancer: This disease is much more common in African American men than in white men. It is less common in Asian and American Indian men. (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer: NCI)

How serious is Prostate Cancer?

Complications of Prostate Cancer: see complications of Prostate Cancer
Survival rate for Prostate Cancer: 56-65% survival rate for prostate cancer in the UK 2001 (National Statistics – UK Government Census, 2001)
5-year survival rate for Prostate Cancer: 82% of men aged 20-74 survive five years after diagnosis of prostate cancer in Australia 1992-97 (Cancer Survival in Australia, 1992-97, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
Average life years lost for Prostate Cancer: 8.9 years (SEER)1
Deaths for Prostate Cancer: 31,729 deaths reported in USA 1999 (NVSR Sep 2001)

What causes Prostate Cancer?

Causes of Prostate Cancer: see causes of Prostate Cancer
Risk factors for Prostate Cancer: see risk factors for Prostate Cancer

What are the symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer: see symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Complications of Prostate Cancer: see complications of Prostate Cancer

Can anyone else get Prostate Cancer?

Contagion of cancer: generally not; see details in contagion of cancer.
Inheritance: see inheritance of Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Prostate Cancer.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Prostate Cancer.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Prostate Cancer: Urologist, Oncologists, Radiation oncologists ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Prostate Cancer.
Treatments for Prostate Cancer: see treatments for Prostate Cancer
Alternative treatments for Prostate Cancer: see alternative treatments for Prostate Cancer
Prevention of Prostate Cancer: see prevention of Prostate Cancer
Research for Prostate Cancer: see research for Prostate Cancer

Society issues for Prostate Cancer


Hospitalization statistics for Prostate Cancer: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Prostate Cancer:

  • 0.3% (37,718) of hospital consultant episodes were for malignant neoplasm of prostate in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 90% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of prostate required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 100% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of prostate were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 22% of hospital consultant episodes for malignant neoplasm of prostate required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 9.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for malignant neoplasm of prostate in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Prostate Cancer:

Organs and body systems related to Prostate Cancer include:

Name and Aliases of Prostate Cancer

Main name of condition: Prostate Cancer

Class of Condition for Prostate Cancer: cancer

Other names or spellings for Prostate Cancer:

cancer of the prostate, cancer of the prostrate

Prostatic adenocarcinoma Source - Diseases Database

Prostatic adenocarcinoma
Source - WordNet 2.1

Prostate Cancer: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Prostate Cancer:



Footnotes:
1. SEER Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2000, National Cancer Institute (NCI)
 

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