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Types of Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer: Types list

The list of types of Prostate Cancer mentioned in various sources includes:

  • Stages of the cancer:
    • Stage I (A) prostate cancer - tumor so small it cannot be felt by a DRE; tumor has not spread.
    • Stage II (B) prostate cancer - tumor larger (can be felt by DRE), but has not spread beyond prostrate.
    • Stage III (C) prostate cancer - local spreading to tissue near the prostrate.
    • Stage IV (D) prostate cancer - spread to lymph nodes or has metastasized to other body areas.

Curable Types of Prostate Cancer:

  • Prostatis induced Prostatic cancer
  • Sexually transmitted diseases related Prostatic cancer
  • Obesity related prostate cancer
  • Early localised Prostatic cancer
  • Locally advanced Prostatic cancer

Rare Types of Prostate Cancer:

Types discussion:

What You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)

Tumors can be benign or malignant :

  • Benign tumors are not cancer. They can usually be removed, and in most cases, they do not come back. Cells from benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. Most important, benign tumors of the prostate are not a threat to life.

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the abnormal growth of benign prostate cells. In BPH, the prostate grows larger and presses against the urethra and bladder, interfering with the normal flow of urine. More than half of the men in the United States between the ages of 60 and 70 and as many as 90 percent between the ages of 70 and 90 have symptoms of BPH. For some men, the symptoms may be severe enough to require treatment.

  • Malignant tumors are cancer. Cells in these tumors are abnormal. They divide without control or order, and they do not die. They can invade and damage nearby tissues and organs. Also, cancer cells can break away from a malignant tumor and enter the bloodstream and lymphatic system . This is how cancer spreads from the original (primary) cancer site to form new (secondary) tumors in other organs. The spread of cancer is called metastasis .

When prostate cancer spreads (metastasizes) outside the prostate, cancer cells are often found in nearby lymph nodes . If the cancer has reached these nodes, it means that cancer cells may have spread to other parts of the body -- other lymph nodes and other organs, such as the bones, bladder, or rectum. When cancer spreads from its original location to another part of the body, the new tumor has the same kind of abnormal cells and the same name as the primary tumor. For example, if prostate cancer spreads to the bones, the cancer cells in the new tumor are prostate cancer cells. The disease is metastatic prostate cancer; it is not bone cancer (Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer: NCI)

What You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer: NCI (Excerpt)

If cancer is found in the prostate, the doctor needs to know the stage , or extent, of the disease. Staging is a careful attempt to find out whether the cancer has spread and, if so, what parts of the body are affected. The doctor may use various blood and imaging tests to learn the stage of the disease. Treatment decisions depend on these findings.

Prostate cancer staging is a complex process. The doctor may describe the stage using a Roman number (I-IV) or a capital letter (A-D). These are the main features of each stage:

  • Stage I or Stage A -- The cancer cannot be felt during a rectal exam. It may be found by accident when surgery is done for another reason, usually for BPH. There is no evidence that the cancer has spread outside the prostate.

  • Stage II or Stage B -- The tumor involves more tissue within the prostate, it can be felt during a rectal exam, or it is found with a biopsy that is done because of a high PSA level. There is no evidence that the cancer has spread outside the prostate.

  • Stage III or Stage C -- The cancer has spread outside the prostate to nearby tissues.

  • Stage IV or Stage D -- The cancer has spread to lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.

(Source: excerpt from What You Need To Know About Prostate Cancer: NCI)

Prostate Cancer: Rare Types

Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:

Prostate Cancer: Related Disease Topics

More general medical disease topics related to Prostate Cancer include:

Research More About Prostate Cancer

 

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