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Glossary for Restless Legs Syndrome

  • ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. The related description Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be a more modern description of the disease.

    Misdiagnosis of ADD is a well-known controversy in the sense that cases of hyperactivity in children may be over-diagnosed. There is a tendency for parents to seek and doctors to prescribe the drug Ritalin even in cases where the diagnosis of ADD or ADHD may be incorrect. Alternative diagnoses include normal child behavior (i.e. just an active child), food intolerances, or other behavioral disorders (see misdiagnosis of ADD).

    On the other hand, ADD is under-diagnosed in adults, with a large number of adults having ADD without knowing it; see misdiagnosis of Adult ADD.

  • ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental and behavioral disorder characterized by behavioral problems such as hyperactivity, inattention, concentration difficulty, and other mental symptoms. Typically, ADHD and associated hyperactivity is known as a childhood disorder, although ADD/ADHD in adults is known to be under-diagnosed. It is distinguished from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) which has a reduced focus on hyperactivity type symptoms.
  • Akathisia: Specific type of feeling of restlessness or anxiety (usually from medications)
  • Anemia: Reduced ability of blood to carry oxygen from various possible causes.
  • Anxiety: A feeling of apprehension, and fear without apparent stimulus that is associated sometime with somatic responses
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral disorder with hyperactivity and/or inattention.
  • Blood vessel conditions: Conditions that affect the blood vessels
  • Burning feet syndrome: Abnormal burning and stinging sensations in the feet which may be accompanied by redness and swelling. It may be caused by factors such as kidney failure, liver damage, thyroid problems, blood disorders, nerve damage, fungal infections, chronic alcoholism and ill-fitting shoes. In some cases, the eyes may also be affected
  • Caffeine -- Teratogenic Agent: There is strong evidence to indicate that exposure to caffeine during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Diabetes: Failing or reduced ability of the body to handle sugars.
  • Drowsiness: Excessive tiredness or sleepiness
  • Drug abuse: Addiction to any of various illicit drugs.
  • Generalized anxiety disorder: Excessive anxiety and worrying.
  • Hyperactivity: Excessive action and lack of control.
  • Intermittent Claudication: Calf muscle pain from walking
  • Iron deficiency: When there is a deficiency of iron in the body
  • Kidney failure: Total failure of the kidneys to filter waste
  • Leg pain: Pain affecting the leg
  • Leg paresthesia: Leg tingling, prickling, numbness or burning sensations
  • Leg symptoms: Symptoms affecting the leg
  • Limb conditions: Medical conditions affecting the upper or lower limbs.
  • Lower limb conditions: Any medical condition affecting the lower limbs, i.e. the legs, knees, feet, etc..
  • Meralgia paresthetica: A rare disorder where compression or injury of a nerve that connects the thigh to the spine results in abnormal, painful sensations in the outer part of the thigh. The condition is most common in middle-aged, overweight males.
  • Movement disorders: Medical conditions affecting the movement systems, such as walking or tremor.
  • Muscle conditions: Any condition that affects the muscles of the body
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Myoclonus: Sudden involuntary muscle twitching or movement.
  • Nervous system conditions: Diseases affecting the nerves and the nervous system.
  • Neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Pain conditions: Diseases characterized by pain and pain-like symptoms.
  • Periodic limb movements in sleep: Repeated involuntary leg movements during sleep.
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Pinched Nerve: Nerve paralysis from nerve pressure or entrapment.
  • Polyneuropathy: Dysfunction and/or damage to neurons, causing a loss of sensory or motor function.
  • Pregnancy: The condition of supporting a fetus from conception till birth.
  • Primary restless leg syndrome: Primary restless leg syndrome is a condition that is characterized by an irresistible urge to move one's body to stop uncomfortable or odd sensations. It most commonly affects the legs, but can also affect the arms or torso.
  • Problem Sleepiness: Problem daytime drowsiness.
  • Radiculopathy: A condition characterized by disease of the nerve roots
  • Restless Legs Syndrome, Susceptibility To, 1: A neurological disorder where legs develop and crawling, aching skin sensation which is relived by moving the legs. Symptoms tend to occur mainly at night. Type 1 refers to an increased susceptibility to the condition which is caused by a defect in chromosome 12q12-q21.
  • Restless leg syndrome: Restless leg syndrome is a condition that is characterized by an irresistible urge to move one's body to stop uncomfortable or odd sensations. It most commonly affects the legs, but can also affect the arms or torso.
  • Restless legs: An increased movement of legs during sleep
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: Autoimmune form of arthritis usually in teens or young adults.
  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusional beliefs where a person is unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. The condition tends to have a chronic nature and can be severely debilitating if treatment isn't sought.
  • Secondary restless leg syndrome: Secondary restless leg syndrome is a condition that is characterized by an irresistible urge to move one's body to stop uncomfortable or odd sensations. It most commonly affects the legs, but can also affect the arms or torso.
  • Sjogren's Syndrome: Autoimmune disease damaging the eye tear ducts and other glands.
  • Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects ones sleep
  • Sleep disturbance: Sleeping difficulty, called insomnia, can involve difficulty falling asleep when you first go to bed at night, waking up too early in the morning, and waking up often during the night.
  • Social problems: Difficulty relating to other people
  • Tardive Dyskinesia: The toxic neurological side effects of neuroleptic drugs that have been used long term.
  • Temazepam -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Temazepam during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Tourette Syndrome: A neurological disorder involving vocal and movement tics where where uncontrollable movements or verbal utterances are made.
  • Upper limb conditions: Any medical condition affecting the upper limbs, i.e. the arms, elbows, hands, etc.
  • Uremia: Excessive urea and waste products in the blood

 

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