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River Blindness

River Blindness: Introduction

River Blindness: Skin and eye infection caused by the helminth (worm) 'Onchocerca volvulus', transmitted via fly bites and usually seen only in parts of Africa, the Middle East and South America. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of River Blindness is available below.

Symptoms of River Blindness

  • Severe itching initially in one section of body then spreading to whole body and eyes
  • Skin nodules
  • Urticarial (hives-like) rash
  • Swelling of limbs (oedema)
  • Spotty skin
  • more symptoms...»

Treatments for River Blindness

  • Anti-helminth medication - ivermectin
  • Oral prednisolone for 2-3 days if severe allergic reaction
  • Prevention of fly bites: prophylactic ivermectin, insecticides, insect repellents, long clothing
  • more treatments...»

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to River Blindness:

Wrongly Diagnosed with River Blindness?

River Blindness: Related Patient Stories

River Blindness: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to River Blindness:

Causes of River Blindness

Read more about causes of River Blindness.

Disease Topics Related To River Blindness

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, River Blindness:

River Blindness: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and River Blindness

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River Blindness: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for River Blindness

Medical research articles related to River Blindness include:

Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database

River Blindness: Animations

Research about River Blindness

Visit our research pages for current research about River Blindness treatments.

Clinical Trials for River Blindness

The US based website ClinicalTrials.gov lists information on both federally and privately supported clinical trials using human volunteers.

Some of the clinical trials listed on ClinicalTrials.gov for River Blindness include:

Statistics for River Blindness

River Blindness: Broader Related Topics

River Blindness Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about River Blindness, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Definitions of River Blindness:

Infection with nematodes of the genus Onchocerca; characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, pruritus, and ocular lesions. - (Source - Diseases Database)

River Blindness is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that River Blindness, or a subtype of River Blindness, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Ophanet, a consortium of European partners, currently defines a condition rare when it affects 1 person per 2,000. They list River Blindness as a "rare disease".
Source - Orphanet

 

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