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Treatments for Sarcoidosis

Treatment List for Sarcoidosis

The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Sarcoidosis includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans.

Sarcoidosis: Is the Diagnosis Correct?

The first step in getting correct treatment is to get a correct diagnosis. Differential diagnosis list for Sarcoidosis may include:

Sarcoidosis: Marketplace Products, Discounts & Offers

Products, offers and promotion categories available for Sarcoidosis:

Curable Types of Sarcoidosis

Possibly curable types of Sarcoidosis may include:

Sarcoidosis: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research all specialists including ratings, affiliations, and sanctions.

Unlabeled Drugs and Medications to treat Sarcoidosis:

Unlabelled alternative drug treatments for Sarcoidosis include:

Hospital statistics for Sarcoidosis:

These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Sarcoidosis:

  • 0.015% (1,890) of hospital consultant episodes were for sarcoidosis in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 86% of hospital consultant episodes for sarcoidosis required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 45% of hospital consultant episodes for sarcoidosis were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 55% of hospital consultant episodes for sarcoidosis were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more hospital information...»

Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Sarcoidosis

Research quality ratings and patient incidents/safety measures for hospitals and medical facilities in specialties related to Sarcoidosis:

Hospital & Clinic quality ratings »

Choosing the Best Treatment Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Sarcoidosis, on hospital and medical facility performance and surgical care quality:

Discussion of treatments for Sarcoidosis:

NHLBI, Sarcoidosis: NHLBI (Excerpt)

Fortunately, many patients with sarcoidosis require no treatment. Symptoms, after all, are usually not disabling and do tend to disappear spontaneously.

When therapy is recommended, the main goal is to keep the lungs and other affected body organs working and to relieve symptoms. The disease is considered inactive once the symptoms fade. After many years of experience with treating the disease, corticosteroids remain the primary treatment for inflammation and granuloma formation. Prednisone is probably the corticosteroid most often prescribed today. There is no treatment at present to reverse the fibrosis that might be present in advanced sarcoidosis. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Sarcoidosis: NHLBI)

NHLBI, Sarcoidosis: NHLBI (Excerpt)

Occasionally, a blood test will show a high blood level of calcium accompanying sarcoidosis. The reasons for this are not clear. Some scientists believe that this condition is not common. When it does occur, the patient may be advised to avoid calcium-rich foods, vitamin D, or sunlight, or to take prednisone; this corticosteroid quickly reverses the condition.

Because sarcoidosis can disappear even without therapy, doctors sometimes disagree on when to start the treatment, what dose to prescribe, and how long to continue the medicine. The doctor's decision depends on the organ system involved and how far the inflammation has progressed. If the disease appears to be severe-especially in the lungs, eyes, heart, nervous system, spleen, or kidneys-the doctor may prescribe corticosteroids.

Corticosteroid treatment usually results in improvement. Symptoms often start up again, however, when it is stopped. Treatment, therefore, may be necessary for several years, sometimes for as long as the disease remains active or to prevent relapse.

Frequent checkups are important so that the doctor can monitor the illness and, if necessary, adjust the treatment. Corticosteroids, for example, can have side effects-mood swings, swelling, and weight gain because the treatment tends to make the body hold on to water; high blood pressure; high blood sugar; and craving for food. Long-term use can affect the stomach, skin, and bones. This situation can bring on stomach pain, an ulcer, or acne, or cause the loss of calcium from bones. However, if the corticosteroid is taken in carefully prescribed, low doses, the benefits from the treatment are usually far greater than the problems. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Sarcoidosis: NHLBI)

NHLBI, Sarcoidosis: NHLBI (Excerpt)

Besides corticosteroids, various other drugs have been tried, but their effectiveness has not been established in controlled studies. These drugs include chloroquine and D-penicillamine.

Several drugs such as chlorambucil, azathioprine, methotrexate, and cyclophosphamide, which might suppress alveolitis by killing the cells that produce granulomas, have also been used. None has been evaluated in controlled clinical trials, and the risk of using these drugs is high, especially in pregnant women.

Cyclosporine, a drug used widely in organ transplants to suppress immune reaction, has been evaluated in one controlled trial. It was found to be unsuccessful. (Source: excerpt from NHLBI, Sarcoidosis: NHLBI)

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