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Diseases » Scabies » Glossary

Glossary for Scabies

  • Athlete's foot: Fungal skin condition typically of feet or toes.
  • Atopic dermatitis: Skin disorder characterized by chronic inflammation, and pruritis. Often hereditary and associated with allergic rhinitis and asthma.
  • Chickenpox: Common viral infection.
  • Contact dermatitis: Skin reaction to an irritant
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis: Blistering skin rash of elbows, knees, and buttocks.
  • Diseases contagious from bedding: Diseases that can be contracted from bedding
  • Diseases contagious from clothing: Diseases that are contracted from clothes
  • Diseases contagious from safe sex: Diseases spread by sex even if condom used
  • Diseases contagious from sex: Diseases that can be contracted through sexual contact
  • Diseases contagious from towels: Diseases that can be contracted from towels
  • Diseases contagious from vaginal sex: Diseases that can be contracted through the act of vaginal sex
  • Eczema: Eczema is a chronic skin condition characterized by skin inflammation and irritation. The severity of extent of the condition is highly variable. It may be caused by allergies, irritants or other factors such as stress.
  • Elbow rash: An eruption on the skin of the elbow.
  • Eosinophilia: This is when there is an abnormal increase in the eosinophils in the blood
  • Erythema: A condition which is characterized by redness of the skin due to congestion of the capillaries
  • Finger symptoms: Symptoms affecting any fingers
  • Genital herpes: Sexually transmitted infection of the genital region.
  • Genital rash: Rash of the genital region
  • Hand rash: An eruption on the skin of the hand.
  • Herpes: Virus with one subtype causing cold sores and another causing genital herpes.
  • Insect parasite conditions: Any condition that is a parasite and is contracted via the bite of insects
  • Itching: Itching feeling of the skin.
  • Lice: A parasitic insect that can infect humans
  • Lindane -- Teratogenic Agent: There is evidence to indicate that exposure to Lindane during pregnancy may have a teratogenic effect on the fetus. A teratogen is a substance that can cause birth defects. The likelihood and severity of defects may be affected by the level of exposure and the stage of pregnancy that the exposure occurred at.
  • Louse-borne diseases: Diseases that are carried by the louse and contracted by humans
  • Mite conditions: Any condition that is caused by the mite
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Pediculosis: Lice infestation of the body
  • Porphyria Cutanea Tarda: A rare metabolic condition involving a deficiency of the enzyme uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. This results in a buildup of porphyrins in the skin which makes it sensitive to light. Most symptoms tend to primarily affected the areas of skin most exposed to sun e.g. back of hands and arms.
  • Pruritus: The sensation of itch
  • Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin condition where the defective immune system causes skin cells to grow rapidly. It affects a significant number of people. Arthritis, which can be severe, is associated with the psoriasis in up to a third of cases. Not all patients who are susceptible to the condition will develop it - roughly 10% of those susceptible will actually develop the condition. There are various environmental factors which can trigger the onset of the disease e.g. strep throat (common trigger), some medication, stress and cold weather. Once the disease develops, it may resolve on its own or with treatment or may become a persistent chronic condition. The severity and duration of symptoms is variable.
  • Rash: General name for any type of skin inflammation.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Various diseases spread by sexual contact.
  • Skin conditions: Any condition that affects the skin
  • Skin rash: A reaction to the exposure of the skin to an allergen
  • Tinea: A general term for various fungal skin afflictions; often incorrectly called ringworm.
  • Urticaria: A vascular reaction of the upper dermis that is marked by elevated patches
  • Vesiculobullous rash:
  • Wrist rash: Change in the skin which affects the color, appearance or texture.


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