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Diseases » Schistosomiasis » Glossary

Glossary for Schistosomiasis

  • Amebiasis: An intestinal infection caused by a parasitic amebic organism. It is usually associated with poor sanitation.
  • Bladder Cancer: Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. It is a disease in which abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder.
  • Bladder conditions: Any condition affecting the bladder
  • Bladder symptoms: Symptoms related to the bladder and urination.
  • Bronchospasm: sudden spasm of the bronchi
  • Chills: Excessive feeling of coldness.
  • Cirrhosis of liver: Chronic liver disease wherein normal liver parenchyma is replaced by fibrous tissue.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver: Scarring of the liver from alcohol or other causes.
  • Conditions involving a pathogen: Medical conditions involving some type of pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria.
  • Cough: The noise produced from the sudden expulsion of air from the lungs
  • Crohn's disease: Crohn's disease causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. The disease can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the lower part of the small intestine called the ileum.
  • Digestive symptoms: Any symptoms affecting the digestive tract.
  • Dysuria: Painful urination
  • Eosinophilia: This is when there is an abnormal increase in the eosinophils in the blood
  • Fascioliasis: A rare parastitic infectious disease caused by liver fluke Fasciola hepatica which can cause blockage of the bile ducts in the liver.
  • Fever: Elevation of the body temperature above the normal 37 degrees celsius
  • Fluke infections: An infection caused by flukes
  • Hematuria: Blood in the urine
  • Hepatocellular jaundice: A condition which is characterized by jaundice due to injury or damage to the hepatocellular cells of the liver
  • Hives: Weals on the skin due to an allergic reaction.
  • Hydronephrosis: Swollen kidneys from retained urine
  • Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease refers to digestive symptoms resulting from chronic bowel inflammation. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two of the main subtypes of the disease. Scientists have discovered an array of genetic mutations which can result in an increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Not all people with the genetic anomaly will develop the condition but it can increase the risk especially if other environmental factors are also present. The severity of the disease that develops is variable.
  • Interstitial cystitis: A rare condition involving inflammatory disease of the bladder which progresses slowly.
  • Itching skin: Itching feeling of the skin.
  • Katayama fever: An acute disease due to infection with Schistosoma parasites. Transmission can occur through contact with infected waters.
  • Leishmaniasis: A rare infectious disease caused by any of a number of parasitic Leishmania species. Infection can cause any of three different manifestations: cutaneous leishmaniasis, mucosal leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Liver conditions: Any condition that affects the liver
  • Liver damage: Any damage that occurs to the function or structure of the liver
  • Lung damage: COPD is defined as the destruction of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles and their walls and without obvious fibrosis.
  • Malaria: A parasitic disease transmitted through mosquito bites.
  • Muscle aches: Aches affecting one or more muscles
  • Myalgia: Muscle aches and pains
  • No symptoms: The absence of noticable symptoms.
  • Parasitic Conditions: A condition that is characterised by another organism living off another organism
  • Portal vein thrombosis: Clotting or obstruction of blood flow along the portal vein and into the liver. This causes blood to back up and results various problems such as enlarged spleen and abdominal pain. The obstruction can occur acutely (over a short space of time) or chronically (over a longer period of time). The portal vein collects blood from the intestines and spleen and carries it to the liver.
  • Schistosomiasis japonica: A trematode which causes schistosomiasis japonica
  • Schistosomiasis mansoni: A trematode which causes schistosomiasis mansoni
  • Skin rash: A reaction to the exposure of the skin to an allergen
  • Typhoid fever: Fever from bacterial food poisoning.
  • Ulcerative colitis: Ulcerative colitis (Colitis ulcerosa, UC) is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, that includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores, in the colon.
  • Urinary disorders: Any disorder that affects the urinary system
  • Urinary stones: Stones in the urinary tract or bladder.
  • Vesicovaginal fistula: A condition which is characterized by the formation of a fistula which communicates from an internal organ to the vagina
  • Viral Hepatitis: hepatitis describes inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis may be caused by alcohol, drugs, autoimmune diseases, metabolic diseases, and viruses. Viral infection accounts for more than half the cases of acute hepatitis.


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