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Diseases » Schizophrenia » Summary
 

What is Schizophrenia?

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a type of serious mental health disorder called a psychotic disorder. Schizophrenia causes ...more »

  • Schizophrenia: A psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations and delusional beliefs where a person is unable to distinguish between reality and imagination. The condition tends to have a chronic nature and can be severely debilitating if treatment isn't sought.
  • Schizophrenia: class of psychoses with disturbance mainly of cognition (content and form of thought, perception, sense of self versus external world, volition) and psychomotor function, rather than affect.
    Source - Diseases Database
  • Schizophrenia: any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact.
    Source - WordNet 2.1

Schizophrenia: Introduction

Types of Schizophrenia:

Broader types of Schizophrenia:

How many people get Schizophrenia?

Prevalance of Schizophrenia: Approximately 2.2 million American adults (NIMH); estimated 1.3% adults (USSG); more than 2 million Americans
Prevalance Rate of Schizophrenia: approx 1 in 123 or 0.81% or 2.2 million people in USA [about data]
Prevalance of Schizophrenia: More than 2 million Americans are affected by schizophrenia. (Source: excerpt from Schizophrenia Research at the NIMH: NIMH)

Who gets Schizophrenia?

Gender Profile for Schizophrenia: Although schizophrenia affects men and women with equal frequency, the disorder often appears earlier in men, usually in the late teens or early twenties, than in women, who are generally affected in the twenties to early thirties. (Source: excerpt from Schizophrenia: NIMH)

Gender Profile for Schizophrenia: Schizophrenia often first appears earlier in men, usually in their late teens or early 20s, than in women, who are generally affected in their 20s or early 30s.11 (Source: excerpt from The Numbers Count: NIMH)

How serious is Schizophrenia?

Prognosis of Schizophrenia: Treatment can alleviate symptoms but patients often tend to suffer symptoms throughout the rest of their lives. Treatment plans must be adhered to in order to avoid complications such as suicide or acts of violence. The best prognosis is achieved by early management of the condition with strict adherence to the treatment plan. Factors which increase the risk of a good prognosis:

  • Being female
  • Rapid onset of symptoms
  • Increased age of onset
  • Mainly positive rather than negative symptoms
  • Presence of mood symptoms
  • Good level of functioning before illness
  • Good support network and positive attitude from people around them

Complications of Schizophrenia: see complications of Schizophrenia

What causes Schizophrenia?

Causes of Schizophrenia: see causes of Schizophrenia
Risk factors for Schizophrenia: see risk factors for Schizophrenia

What are the symptoms of Schizophrenia?

Symptoms of Schizophrenia: see symptoms of Schizophrenia

Complications of Schizophrenia: see complications of Schizophrenia

Onset of Schizophrenia: Most common ages of onset are the teenage and early adolescent years though it can be diagnosed in children in as young as 7. It rarely develops after the age of 45.

Can anyone else get Schizophrenia?

Inheritance: see inheritance of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia: Testing

Diagnostic testing: see tests for Schizophrenia.

Misdiagnosis: see misdiagnosis and Schizophrenia.

How is it treated?

Doctors and Medical Specialists for Schizophrenia: General practitioner, Primary care physician, Emergency clinician, Psychiatric crisis consultant, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Neuropharmacologist, Behavioral psychologist, Genetic disease specialist ; see also doctors and medical specialists for Schizophrenia.
Treatments for Schizophrenia: see treatments for Schizophrenia
Research for Schizophrenia: see research for Schizophrenia

Society issues for Schizophrenia


Hospitalization statistics for Schizophrenia: The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Schizophrenia:

  • Schizophrenia resulted in 17,731 hospitalisations in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW Hospital Morbidity Database 2001-02, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Schizophrenia accounted for 237,174 patient days in hospitals in Australia 2001-02 (AIHW Hospital Morbidity Database 2001-02, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 0.3% (37,736) of hospital episodes were for schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 88% of hospital consultations for schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61% of hospital episodes for schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 39% of hospital episodes for schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • more statistics...»

Organs Affected by Schizophrenia:

Organs and body systems related to Schizophrenia include:

Name and Aliases of Schizophrenia

Main name of condition: Schizophrenia

Other names or spellings for Schizophrenia:

Schizophrenic disorder, Schizophrenic psychosis, Dementia praecox
Source - WordNet 2.1

Schizophrenia: Related Conditions

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Schizophrenia:

 

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