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Diseases » Snoring » Glossary
 

Glossary for Snoring

  • Acromegaly: A hormonal disorder involving excess growth hormone production by the pituitary gland.
  • Adenoiditis: Infection of the adenoids in the nasal-throat region
  • Aging: The medical conditions from getting older.
  • Airway Obstruction: A blockage in the breathing tubes. The blockage can occur for many different reasons such as tumors, severe allergic reaction, bacterial infections, foreign bodies or trauma. The degree of obstruction will determine how seriously breathing is impaired.
  • Alcohol use: Use of alcohol (as a symptom)
  • Allergies: Immune system over-reaction to various substances.
  • Apnea of prematurity: AOP occurs in infants who are born prematurely (before 34 weeks of pregnancy).
  • Auriculo-condylar syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by variable ear and jaw abnormalities.
  • Common cold: A cold is a relatively minor contagious infection of the nose and throat that can be caused by a number of different viruses (e.g. rhinoviruses, coronaviruses). There are over 200 different viruses that have the potential to cause the common cold. Although colds can cause discomfort they are not considered a serious condition.
  • Deviated Septum: A septum in the nose that is deviated from the normal position
  • Enlarged adenoids: Enlargement of the adenoid glands, which lie in the oropharynx.
  • Hypersecretion of growth hormone: increased production of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Infantile sleep apnea: Apnea of infancy occurs in children who are younger than 1 year old and who were born after a full-term pregnancy.
  • Laryngopharyngeal reflux: A gastrointestinal disorder where acid reflux affects the throat and causes irritation.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defect of chromosome 15q21.1 which affects the production of the fibrillin needed to make connective tissue.
  • Mixed apnea: Mixed apnea is a combination of central and obstructive apnea and is seen particularly in infants or young children who have abnormal control of breathing.
  • Nasal congestion: The congestion of the nasal passages.
  • Nasal polyp: A polyp that is found in the nasal passage
  • Obesity: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Obesity hypoventilation syndrome: Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is defined as the combination of obesity (body mass index above 30kg/m2), hypoxia (falling oxygen levels in blood) during sleep, and hypercapnia (increased blood carbon dioxide levels) during the day, resulting from hypoventilation (excessively slow or shallow breathing)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Overweight: An increase in the body weight greater than that required for normal function that is characterised by the accumulation of excessive fat
  • Pickwickian syndrome: A syndrome characterized by obesity, somnolence, hypoventilation and erythrocytosis
  • Pituitary tumors, adult: A benign or cancer tumor that develops in the tissue of the pituitary gland in adults. The pituitary gland produces various hormones and some pituitary tumors (functioning tumors) can affect the secretion of one or more of these hormones resulting in a range of symptoms depending on the exact location of the tumor. Some pituitary tumors do not affect hormone production (nonfunctioning tumors).
  • Respiratory conditions: Any condition that affects the respiratory system
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes: Syndromes involving the cessation of breathing during sleep. Examples include obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. The condition may range from mild to severe.
  • Sleep apnea: Childhood obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep.
  • Sleep disorders: Any disorder that affects ones sleep
  • Snoring: is the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound, due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping.
  • Tonsilitis: Inflammation of the tonsils in the throat.
  • Upper airway resistance syndrome: UARS is a sleep disorder characterized by airway resistance to breathing during sleep.

 

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