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Diseases » Spinal conditions » Glossary
 

Glossary for Spinal conditions

  • Achondrogenesis type 1A and 1B: A rare lethal genetic disorder characterized by a low nasal bridge, very short limbs and incomplete bone formation of lower spine.
  • Achondrogenesis type 1B: A rare lethal genetic disorder characterized by a low nasal bridge, very short limbs and incomplete bone formation of lower spine.
  • Acrodysplasia scoliosis: A rare inherited genetic disorder characterized by short fingers and toes, scoliosis and other spine anomalies.
  • Acromesomelic dysplasia: A rare genetic progressive skeletal disorder characterized by short limbs, a large head and lower thoracic kyphosis.
  • Acromesomelic dysplasia, Maroteaux type: A rare genetic syndrome characterized by various developmental abnormalities of the skeletal bones and facial anomalies.
  • Acropectorovertebral dysplasia: A rare inherited genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities involving the fingers, toes, palate and chest bones.
  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A condition which occurs to an adolescent without any known cause resulting in scoliosis of the spine
  • Adult SMA: Form of Spinal Muscular Atrophy in adults.
  • Alves Castelo dos Santos syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by hair, eye, skin and spinal abnormalities.
  • Anencephaly and spina bifida X-linked: A severe X-linked malformation syndrome involving anencephaly where a part or all of the brain and associated skull is missing as well as a defect or opening in the spinal column.
  • Aneurysmal bone cysts: A benign tumor-like lump in the bone. Most frequently occurs in the spine and longer bones of the body.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis: Inflammation of spinal joints similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Ankylosing spondylarthritis: Inflammation of one or more spine joints. The spine becomes progressively painful and stiff and the spine joints may eventually fuse and cause disability. The condition may vary from mild to severe. Inflammation can affect other joints and tissues.
  • Anterior horn disease: Any of a group of diseases that affect the anterior horn cells which make up part of the spinal cord. The anterior horn contains motor neurons which primarily affect the axial muscles. Symptoms will vary depending on the specific disease involved. Examples of such diseases includes Werdnig-Hoffmann disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal muscular atrophy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, progressive muscular atrophy and polyiomyelitis.
  • Aphalangy -- hemivertebrae -- urogenital-intestinal dysgenesis: A rare congenital disorder characterized by missing fingers and toes, abnormal vertebrae and various malformations of the organs.
  • Arachnoid Cysts: A rare disorder involving a fluid-filled cysts on the arachnoid membrane which is one of the thin layers of tissue that form a membrane which covers the spinal cord and brain. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the size and location of the cyst.
  • Arachnoiditis: A progressive disorder where the arachnoid membrane becomes inflamed and the brain and spinal cord may also become inflamed.
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation type 2: A rare malformation where the base of the brain enters into the upper spinal canal. The extent of the deformity is greater in type 2 than type 1 and hence the symptoms are more severe and are often associated with a myelomeningocele (opening of the spine and spinal cord).
  • Arthritis: General name for any type of joint inflammation, but often means age-related osteoarthritis.
  • Arthrogryposis, distal, type 2A: A form of distal arthrogryposis (joint contractures in ends of limbs) that involves additional symptoms such as facial and spinal anomalies.
  • Atlanto-Axial Fusion: A congenital anomaly where the first neck vertebrae is fused to the skull.
  • Back conditions: A group of conditions that affect the back
  • Back pain: Pain from the back or spine.
  • Back paresthesia (tingling): A loss of sensation located at or around the back
  • Barre-Lieou syndrome: A rare condition where trauma (such as pinching by adjacent vertebrae or arthritis) to the sympathetic nerves located in the spinal area of the neck results in a variety of neurological symptoms.
  • Bartenwerfer syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by dwarfism and facial and skeletal abnormalities. The disorder is a variant of Morquio disease.
  • Basilar impression primary: A congenital bone abnormality where the skull and vertebrae meet which can compress some of the brain structures and result in neurological abnormalities. The defect is often associated with other vertebral abnormalities. In severe cases, the cerebrospinal fluid flow may be obstructed which can cause fluid to build up inside the skull (hydrocephalus).
  • Bazopoulou-Kyrkanidou syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by skull, facial and skeletal and gum abnormalities.
  • Beardwell syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized primarily by abnormal calcium deposits along the vertebrae as well as the development of calluses on the palms and soles.
  • Brachial Plexus Injury: Damage to the nerves controlling the shoulder and arm (often from childbirth).
  • Brachydactyly -- scoliosis -- carpal fusion: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short fingers and toes, scoliosis (curved spine) and fused hand bones.
  • Brachyrachia: A rare inherited spine condition characterized by dwarfism due to a short spine.
  • Breakdance back syndrome: Difficulty bending over and lower back pain caused by breakdancing.
  • Broken neck: Fracture of the bone or bones in the cervical spine.
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome: A disorder where spinal cord compression and lesions involve only half of the spinal cord.
  • CAMFAK syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by cataracts, small head, failure to thrive and spinal curvature.
  • COFS syndrome: A genetic disorder involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord that starts during the fetal stage.
  • Camptodactyly -- vertebral fusion: A rare disorder characterized mainly by the association of a permanently flexed finger (usually the little finger) and fused vertebrae.
  • Camptodactyly syndrome, Guadalajara type 3: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by retarded fetal growth and permanently flexed finger (camptodactyly).
  • Camptodactyly syndrome, Guadalajara type III: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by a variety of defects including facial dysmorphism.
  • Caudal appendage -- deafness: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by deafness, finger bone abnormalities and a spinal extension giving a tail-like appearance (caudal appendage).
  • Caudal duplication: A rare disorder where some of the embryonic tissues that develop into the lower spine, genitalia and lower abdominal organs are duplicated - probably due to the incomplete separation of twins arising from one egg. The range of possible defects is extensive but often they are able to be surgically corrected and a relatively normal life is possible.
  • Caudal dysplasia sequence: A rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal development of the lower spine during the fetal stage.
  • Caudal regression syndrome: A rare disorder where the bottom part of the fetal spine doesn't develop normally resulting in abnormalities that may be severe or mild depending on the degree of abnormality.
  • Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal Syndrome: A genetic disorder involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord that starts during the fetal stage.
  • Cerebro-facio-thoracic dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized by mental retardation, spinal and rib defects and facial anomalies.
  • Cervical Spondylosis: Condition where bony changes within the cervical spine causes spinal cord compression with associated neck pain; usually seen in patients over 40 years of age.
  • Cervical ribs, sprengel anomaly, anal atresia, urethral obstruction: A rare disorder characterized mainly by kidney and urinary system abnormalities, scoliosis and omphalocele. The features of the disorder are variable with male cases tending to be more severe than female cases. Only a few cases of this condition have been reported.
  • Cervicooculoacoustic syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by ocular palsy, congenital perceptive deafness and fusion of the vertebrae in the neck.
  • Cleft lip palate -- deafness -- sacral lipoma: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an opening in the palate and lip, deafness and a lipoma in the end portion of the spine.
  • Cleft palate -- short stature -- vertebral anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized by a cleft palate, short stature and abnormalities of the vertebrae in the spine.
  • Cloverleaf skull micromelia thoracic dysplasia: A rare disorder characterized by a cloverleaf skull deformity, small limbs and bone abnormalities of the chest and spine. The disorder is lethal.
  • Coccyx injury: Injury to the coccyx (tailbone)
  • Colver-Steer-Godman syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a rigid spine and heart muscle disease.
  • Congenital Lipomatous Overgrowth, Vascular Malformations, Epidermal Nevi, and Skeletal/Spinal abnormalities: A rare syndrome characterized by overgrowth of fatty tissue, blood vessel malformations, birth marks and skeletal and spinal abnormalities. The condition is a progressive one and there have been less than 20 reported cases.
  • Congenital stenosis of cervical medullary canal: A rare birth anomaly where the spinal canal in the upper part of the back is narrower than normal. The narrowing may be inherited or acquired (e.g. trauma). The narrowing of the canal can result in spinal cord compression and associated symptoms.
  • Craniofaciocervical osteoglyphic dysplasia: A very rare syndrome characterized by a short head and face, skeletal anomalies and destruction of tooth sockets.
  • Currarino triad: A rare birth malformation consisting of abnormalities in the anal, sacral and presacral areas.
  • Czeizel-Losonci syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by missing fingers, ureter abnormalities, webbed fingers and toes and abnormal spinal development.
  • Degenerative Disc Disease: Chronic or recurrent back and neck pain due to degeneration and occasionally prolapse of spinal discs.
  • Demyelinating disorder: Any condition that is characterised by the destruction of the myelin sheaths of the nerves
  • Desbuquois syndrome: A rare condition characterized by short-limbed dwarfism, characteristic facial features and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Diaphanospondylodysostosis: A rare disorder characterized by bone formation anomalies including a lack of bone formation in the spine during the fetal stage as well as kidney problems.
  • Diphallus -- rachischisis -- imperforate anus: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by genital abnormalities, absent anal opening and malformed vertebrae.
  • Disc Disorders: Disorders that affect the discs of the spine
  • Discitis: A subacute infection of the vertebral discs that usually occurs in children.
  • Dislocation: Bone dislocated from a joint
  • Dreyfus syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by flattened vertebrae, kyphoscoliosis, spinal ankylosis, short neck, dwarfism and other abnormalities.
  • Dysosteosclerosis: A rare inherited condition characterized by bone development abnormalities (excessive hardening of bone and flattened vertebrae), characteristic facial features. Excessive bone growth at the base of the skull can damage the optic nerves and affect vision.
  • Dysraphism -- cleft lip palate -- limb reduction defects: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an abnormal opening in the lip and palate, forearm abnormalities, spinal cord defects and an abnormal abdominal opening allowing the abdominal contents to protrude.
  • Dysspondyloenchondromatosis: A rare disorder characterized by skeletal abnormalities and short stature.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IX: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder involving a defective copper metabolism and characterized by mildly hyperextensible skin, lax joints, bladder problems and chronic diarrhea.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type VI: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by lax joints, scoliosis and fragile sclera of the eye - Ehlers Danlos type with predominant ocular abnormalities.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 6B: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by lax joints, scoliosis and fragile sclera of the eye - Ehlers Danlos type with predominant ocular abnormalities but lysyl-hydroxylase activity is normal1.
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, kyphoscoliosis type: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder caused by deficiency of the lysyl hydroxylase enzyme and is characterized by progressive scoliosis and muscle weakness and fragile sclera - previously known as EDS type 6.
  • Escobar syndrome, type B: A rare genetic disorder characterized by a pursed mouth, creased tongue, eye anomalies and a curved spine.
  • Facet syndrome: An irritation, sprain or strain involving the vertebral joints of the spine. The exact symptoms may vary depending on the part of the spine involved. The condition most often results osteoarthritis, degenerative disc disease or injury.
  • Fibrocartilaginous embolism: A rare disorder where some of the material from a vertebral disc enters the blood supply to the spinal cord where it causes an obstruction. Symptoms are determined by where the obstruction occurs. The obstruction causes damage to part of the spinal cord resulting in neurological symptoms which can result in death depending on the size and location of the obstruction.
  • Freeman-Sheldon Syndrome: A very rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormal development of the skeleton and muscles.
  • Fryns-Fabry-Remans syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the progressive fusion of the front of the vertebrae as well as the excessive growth of the whole body.
  • Game-Friedman-Paradice syndrome: A rare condition characterized by retarded growth, hydrocephaly, underdeveloped lungs and various other anomalies. The condition was observed in four offspring from one family.
  • Ghosal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by difficult to treat anemia and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Golden-Lakin syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by a webbed neck, sunken chest, curved spine and various other abnormalities.
  • Goldenhar Syndrome: A congenital condition which affects the eyes, ears and vertebrae
  • Goldenhar disease: A rare disorder characterized by numerous, often asymmetric, defects involving the face, ear, mouth and vertebrae.
  • Goodman camptodactyly: A rare genetic disorder characterized by head, hand and genital anomalies. It is a mild form of Carpenter syndrome without mental retardation and less pronounced deformities.
  • Herniated disc: A misaligned or "slipped" disc in the spine.
  • Hip pain: Pain in the hip region
  • Holoprosencephaly -- caudal dysgenesis: A very rare syndrome where the tailbone and the portion above the tailbone (coccyx and sacrum) fail to develop. The brain also fails to divide into two lobes resulting in a single-lobed brain
  • Hunter-MacDonald syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by multiple skeletal abnormalities, short stature, unusual facial features, hearing loss and a predisposition for developing meningiomas.
  • Hydrocephalus -- costovertebral dysplasia -- Sprengel anomaly: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by hydrocephaly and upwardly displaced shoulder blade (Sprengel anomaly).
  • Hydrocephaly tall stature joint laxity and kyphoscoliosis: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by the association of excessive fluid in the skull (hydrocephaly), tall stature, loose joints and kyphoscoliosis. Various other anomalies may also be present.
  • Hypoplasia hepatic ductular: A rare liver disorder where there are fewer than normal bile ducts in the liver - sometimes all the bile ducts are absent. Alagille syndrome is characterized by this liver abnormalitiy as well as a distinctive face, abnormal vertebrae and retarded physical, mental and sexual development.
  • Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis: Spinal curvature that occurs in adolescents for no apparent reason.
  • Iida-Kannari syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by joint contractures, scoliosis, cleft palate, abnormal ears and premature fusion of skull bones.
  • Intellectual deficit -- multiple anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and multiple birth abnormalities such as heart defects, undescended testes, curved spine and distinctive facial appearance.
  • Intervertebral disc disease: Degenerative changes in the discs located between vertebrae. The severity of the disorder is variable.
  • Intrathoracic kidney -- vertebral fusion: A very rare disorder characterized by fused vertebrae, extra ribs and displacement of kidneys into the chest cavity.
  • Ischio-spinal dysostosis: A skeletal disorder where the ischial bones (lowest portion of the pelvic bones) fail to develop properly. The condition often results in progressive spinal problems which can lead to complications such as neurological problems or impaired lung and heart functioning.
  • Ischio-spinal dysostosis -- rib gaps -- nephroblastomatosis: A rare syndrome characterized by underdeveloped ischial bones (lower back portion of hip bone) and vertebral anomalies and kidney disease.
  • Ischio-spinal dysostosis with cystic kidney disease: A rare syndrome characterized by underdeveloped ischial bones (lower back portion of hip bone), vertebral anomalies and kidney disease.
  • Ischio-vertebral dysplasia: A skeletal disorder where the ischial bones (lowest portion of the pelvic bones) fail to develop properly. The condition often results in progressive spinal problems which can lead to complications such as neurological problems or impaired lung and heart functioning.
  • Ischio-vertebral syndrome: A skeletal disorder where the ischial bones (lowest portion of the pelvic bones) fail to develop properly. The condition often results in progressive spinal problems which can lead to complications such as neurological problems or impaired lung and heart functioning.
  • Jaffer-Beighton syndrome: A rare inherited syndrome characterized by loose joints, slipped vertebrae and long, thin fingers.
  • Johnson-Munson syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by missing fingers and toes, abnormal vertebrae and various malformations of the organs.
  • Kahrizi Syndrome: A rare syndrome and characterized by the association of mental retardation, cataracts, coloboma and kyphosis. The condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and was observed in 3 siblings whose parents were possibly related.
  • Kashin-Bek disease: A disease involving progressive joint degeneration which affects the spine and hands and feet. The condition becomes progressively worse and eventually leads to disability. The condition is most often seen in children who live in the northern parts of China, Siberia and Korea. A possible cause is believed to be eating cereals contaminated with a fungus called Sporotrichella.
  • Kasznica-Carlson-Coppedge syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by missing fingers or cleft hand, spina bifida and heart disease.
  • King-Denborough syndrome: A rare birth disorder characterized by musculoskeletal abnormalities and nerve muscle problems.
  • Klippel Feil Syndrome: A rare congenital disorder characterized by abnormal fusion of two or more vertebrae in the neck. The disorder is often associated with other abnormalities but their incidence is highly variable.
  • Kozlowski Celermajer Tink syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by the association of heart disease with a short upper arm bone and spinal anomalies. There are also other variable symptoms.
  • Kozlowski-Brown-Hardwick syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by various skeletal anomalies, unusual facial appearance, eye abnormalities and communicating hydrocephaly.
  • Kozlowski-Celermajer syndrome: A rare disorder characterized by congenital heart disease and spine and upper arm bone abnormalities.
  • Kyphosis: Outward curvature of the spine at the back causing hunching or Dowager's hump
  • Laplane-Fontaine-Lagardere syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by very short stature and progressive stiffness of joints including the spine and hips.
  • Larsen-like syndrome, lethal form: A very rare lethal syndrome characterized mainly by joint dislocations and breathing problems due to respiratory system abnormalities. The condition is a manifestation of abnormal collagen formation.
  • Larsen-like syndrome, lethal type: A very rare lethal syndrome characterized mainly by joint dislocations and breathing problems due to respiratory system abnormalities.
  • Lateral meningocele syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by lateral meningoceles (openings in the spinal cord on the inside of the spine) as well as craniofacial anomalies. The syndrome is believed to involve the abnormal development of the spinal cord, cerebellum and cerebral cortex.
  • Leg absence -- deformity -- cataract: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by missing bones in one leg, cataracts and progressive spinal curvature.
  • Leg pain: Pain affecting the leg
  • Lipomyelomeningocele: A rare congenital condition where a fatty mass is attached to the spinal cord and protrudes through a defect in the spinal cord. It forms a mass under the skin and damage to this mass or compression of adjacent spinal cord can have neurological consequences. Compression effects are more likely to occur if the patient gains or loses weight rapidly - especially during growth spurts. It can develop anywhere along the spine but is less common in the neck and upper regions of the spine. The condition is often associated with other congenital abnormalities such as cloacal malformations or imperforate anus. The severity of the condition is variable depending on whether neurological symptoms develop due to the attachment to the spinal cord.
  • Lordosis: Spinal curvature forward in the lower back
  • Lumbar malsegmentation, short stature and facial anomalies: A rare syndrome characterized by vertebral abnormalities, short stature and facial anomalies.
  • McDonough syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation and multiple birth abnormalities such as heart defects, undescended testes, curved spine and distinctive facial appearance.
  • Melhem-Fahl syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by an abnormal number of ribs and vertebrae.
  • Meningocele: A condition which is characterized by a protrusion of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord through a defect in the spinal cord
  • Meningomyelocele: A very rare developmental disorder where a part of the membrane that covers the spinal cord and part of the spinal cord itself protrudes through an abnormal opening in the bones of the spinal column. The condition may be asymptomatic or if the defect is large, severe neurological abnormalities may result.
  • Mental retardation -- short stature -- scoliosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by mental retardation, short stature and scoliosis.
  • Metaphyseal undermodeling, spondylar dysplasia, and overgrowth: A rare condition characterized by the association of skeletal anomalies and overgrowth. One of the three children observed with the condition died during adolescence.
  • Michels-Caskey syndrome: A very rare disorder characterized by underdeveloped thumbs, spine deformities and lack of development of the female reproductive organs such as the uterus and vagina (mullerian duct aplasia). The external genitalia may appear to be normal.
  • Microcephaly -- cervical spine fusion anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a small head and fused neck vertebrae.
  • Microcephaly brachydactyly kyphoscoliosis: A very rare syndrome characterized by the association of profound mental retardation, a small head, short digits and a curved spine.
  • Microsomia -- hemifacial -- radial defects: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a wide range of defects involving the face, ear, mouth, vertebrae and radial bones.
  • Midline field defects: Congenital problems that occur along the vertical axis of the body. Defects can involve the brain, spine, heart, genitals and midline of the head and face.
  • Mirror polydactyly -- vertebral segmentation -- limbs defects: A very rare syndrome characterized by extra thumbs, defective vertebral segmentation and malformed limbs.
  • Multiple Sclerosis: Autoimmune attack on spinal nerves causing diverse and varying neural problems.
  • Multiple vertebral anomalies unusual facies: A rare condition characterized by the associated of a number of vertebral anomalies and an unusual facial appearance.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions: Medical conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system of bones, muscles and related structures.
  • Myelitis: Spinal cord inflammation.
  • Neck conditions: Any condition that affects the neck
  • Nevo syndrome: A genetic disorder characterized by excessive fetal growth, loose joints, kyphosis and impaired speech and motor development.
  • Night blindness -- skeletal anomalies -- unusual facies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by night blindness, a distinctive face and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Occult spinal dysraphism: A rare disorder characterized by progressive neurological deterioration due to compression of the spinal cord in the spine.
  • Oculoauriculovertebral (OAV) dysplasia: A congenital condition which affects the eyes, ears and vertebrae.
  • Omphalocele -- exstrophy -- imperforate anus: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the absence of an anal opening, spine defects and omphalocele (abdominal organ protruding from the belly button).
  • Ophthalmoplegia, progressive external -- scoliosis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by progressive eye muscle weakness and scoliosis.
  • Opthalmoplegia progressive external scoliosis: A rare disorder characterized by progressive weakening of external eye muscles and scoliosis.
  • Optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis: The optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis (OSMS), characterized by recurrent involvement of optic nerve and spinal cord with rare brain magnetic resonance imaging lesions.
  • Orofaciodigital syndrome, type 3: A rare genetic disorder characterized by oral frenula, oral clefts, underdeveloped nose flaps and finger, teeth and eye abnormalities.
  • Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine: Abnormal calcification of a spinal ligament. The progressive calcification can starts within months of birth and affects the ability to move arms and legs. The severity of the condition is highly variable with most patients noticing symptoms in the sixth decade.
  • Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by mechanical disrturbances due to degradation of joints. It is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta type IV: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones and blue sclerae. The osteoporosis tends to be moderate and there is generally no joint hyperextensibility.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 3: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by progressive limb deformity and normal sclerae.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 4: A rare genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones and blue sclerae - a form of OI involving moderate osteoporosis and no joint hyperextensibility.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 5: A rare genetic connective disuse disorder characterized by fragile bones, calcification of membranes between bones and hypertrophic calluses.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta, type 6: A rare form of the genetic connective tissue disorder characterized by fragile bones and light-colored eyes. There are a number of types of osteogenesis imperfecta and type 6 is considered a moderate to severe form.
  • Osteomyelitis: A bone inflammation caused by bacteria. The inflammation usually originates in another part of the body and is transported to the bone via the blood.
  • Oto-spondylo-megaepiphyseal dysplasia, autosomal recessive: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Oto-spondylo-megaepiphyseal dysplasia, homozygous: A very rare condition characterized mainly by bone malformations, hearing loss and facial anomalies.@
  • Otospondylomegaepiphyseal dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone growth causes hearing loss, skeletal abnormalities and characteristic facial features.
  • Paget's disease of bone: A chronic, slowly progressing bone disorder where the bone is destroyed rapidly and replaced by abnormal bone which is dense and fragile.
  • Paralysis: The loss of motor function due to dysfunction of the spinal cord
  • Parastremmatic dwarfism: A rare disorder characterized by severe dwarfism, kyphoscoliosis, contractures of the large joints and twisted and bowed limb bones.
  • Pena Shokeir syndrome, type 1: A rare congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities. Reduced fetal activity causes many of the problems.
  • Pena-Shokeir syndrome Type 2: A rare progressive congenital syndrome involving degeneration of the brain and spinal cord and characterized by facial, head, skeletal and muscular abnormalities as well as eye abnormalities.
  • Perineal hemangioma -- external genitalia malformations -- lipomyelomeningocele -- vesicorenal abnormalities -- imperforate anus: A term used to describe the association of infantile perineal hemangiomas with any of the following: external genitalia malformations, lipomyelomeningocele, vesicorenal abnormalities and imperforate anus.
  • Peripheral neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
  • Platyspondylic lethal chondrodysplasia: A rare genetic disorder involving abnormal bone development and flattened vertebral bones. The condition generally results in death before or soon after birth.
  • Platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia, Torrance type: A very rare inherited condition involving severe bone growth problems and often resulting in death before or soon after birth.
  • Polydactyly postaxial dental and vertebral: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by extra fingers and dental and vertebral abnormalities.
  • Polydactyly, postaxial -- dental and vertebral anomalies: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by extra fingers and dental and vertebral abnormalities.
  • Powell-Chandra-Saal syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by webbed joints and heart, vertebral, ear and radial defects.
  • Primary osteoporosis: There are two primary kinds of osteoporosis: type I osteoporosis and type II osteoporosis. The determining factor for the actual existence of osteoporosis, whether type I or type II, is the amount of calcium left in the skeleton and whether it places a person at risk for fracture.
  • Progressive Spinobulbar muscular atrophy: Genetic disease affecting nerves and muscles
  • Pycnodysostosis: A rare inherited biochemical disorder involving an enzyme (cathepsin k) deficiency which impairs the processes needed to maintain healthy bones.
  • Ray-Peterson-Scott syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by pelvic anomalies and joint contractures involving the legs.
  • Reiterís syndrome: A form of reactive arthritis characterized by arthritis, urethritis, conjunctivitis and skin lesions.
  • Renal agenesis -- meningomyelocele -- mullerian defect: A rare disorder characterized by the absence of a kidney, spinal abnormality and a defect involving the female reproductive organs.
  • Rhizomelic dysplasia, scoliosis, and retinitis pigmentosa: A very rare syndrome characterized by an eye disorder, scoliosis and other skeletal abnormalities.
  • Robinson syndrome: A very rare condition observed in a West Coast Indian family. The condition is characterized by scoliosis, hearing impairment, ataxia and sensory loss. The severity, rate of progression and age of onset of the neuropathic symptoms was highly variable. Sensory symptoms tend to be most prominent in the hands and feet.
  • Rosenberg-Lohr syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized mainly by thickening of the wrist bones and a part of the lower back bone (dorsum sellae).
  • Roussy-Levy hereditary areflexic dystasia: An inherited ataxia (incoordination) involving muscle wasting, kyphoscoliosis and absence of tendon reflexes.
  • Rudd-Klimek syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal development of the tailbone with deformities of the urogenital area as well as other anomalies.
  • Sacral agenesis: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by the abnormal development of the tailbone (sacrum).
  • Sacral defect and anterior sacral meningocele: A very rare syndrome characterized by a meningocele (failure of the backbone to close before birth) in the tailbone area.
  • Sacral hemangiomas -- multiple congenital abnormalities: A very rare syndrome characterized by hemangiomas and other abnormalities involving the tailbone and anal area.
  • Sacral meningocele -- conotruncal heart defects: A very rare syndrome characterized by mainly by heart defects involving the heart outflow vessels and valves, tailbone meningocele and abnormal kidney development.
  • Sacrococcygeal dysgenesis association: A very rare syndrome characterized by the abnormal development of the tailbone.
  • Sacroilitis: Inflammation of the sacro-iliac joint
  • Saul-Wilkes-Stevenson syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by muscle problems, abnormal skin pigmentation, movement disorder, mental retardation and scoliosis.
  • Schanz disease: Inflammation of the Achilles tendon due some sort of trauma to the area.
  • Schanz's syndrome: Symptoms caused by spinal weakness.
  • Scheuermann juvenile Kyphosis, familial:
  • Scheuermann's disease: A rare disorder that causes abnormal spine development during adolescence and results in a rounded appearance to the back.
  • Schwartz newark syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by pigmentation anomaly, hydrocephaly, spina bifida and a myelomeningocele.
  • Sciatica: Sciatica is a set of symptoms including pain that may be caused by general compression and/or irritation of one of five nerve roots that give rise to the sciatic nerve, or by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve itself.
  • Scoliosis: Sideways curvature of the spine
  • Scoliosis as part of NF: Spinal curvature associated with a condition called neurofibromatosis. Roughly a quarter of patients with neurofibromatosis will develop scoliosis. Neurofibromatosis is a rare genetic disorder characterized by areas of increased and decreased skin pigmentation and the development of many benign nerve and skin tumors. The scoliosis may become severe enough to affect heart and lung function or may be relatively mild.
  • Scoliosis with unilateral unsegmented bar: Abnormal spinal development where two or more vertebrae fail to separate on one side of the spine which causes the spine to curve. Thus several vertebrae are fused on one side of the spine. As the individual grows, the spine becomes increasingly curved to the point where lung and heart function may be affected.
  • Scoliosis, Idiopathic, Susceptibility to, 1: Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that is greater than 10 degrees. Idiopathic means that there is no discernable cause for the condition. Researchers have discovered a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to developing scoliosis. Type 1 is linked to a gene on chromosome 19p13.3.
  • Scoliosis, Idiopathic, Susceptibility to, 2: Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that is greater than 10 degrees. Idiopathic means that there is no discernable cause for the condition. Researchers have discovered a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to developing scoliosis. Type 2 is linked to a gene on chromosome 17p11.2.
  • Scoliosis, Idiopathic, Susceptibility to, 3: Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that is greater than 10 degrees. Idiopathic means that there is no discernable cause for the condition. Researchers have discovered a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to developing scoliosis. Type 3 is linked to a gene on chromosome 8q12.1.
  • Scoliosis, Idiopathic, Susceptibility to, 4: Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that is greater than 10 degrees. Idiopathic means that there is no discernable cause for the condition. Researchers have discovered a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to developing scoliosis. Type 4 is linked to a gene on chromosome 9q31.2-q34.2.
  • Scoliosis, Idiopathic, Susceptibility to, 5: Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine that is greater than 10 degrees. Idiopathic means that there is no discernable cause for the condition. Researchers have discovered a number of genes linked to an increased susceptibility to developing scoliosis. Type 5 is linked to a gene on chromosome 17q25.3.
  • Seghers syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spinal abnormalities and abnormal throat development where the throat opening at the back of the mouth is absent.
  • Segmental vertebral anomalies: Spinal abnormalities that occur during development.
  • Senior health conditions: Medical conditions affecting seniors, male or female.
  • Seronegative spondyloarthropathy: Spondyloarthropathy that is negative to rheumatoid facotr
  • Seven point syndrome: A specific group of deformities that is associated with infantile scoliosis.
  • Shprintzen omphalocele syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal development of the pharynx and larynx which can result in a narrowed airway. Protrusion of intestines through the belly button also occurs. The voice is high pitched and spinal curvature and learning problems are other common symptoms.
  • Sillence syndrome: An extremely rare genetic disorder primarily involving digit abnormalities, scoliosis and club feet.
  • Skeletal dysplasia -- coarse facies -- mental retardation: A very rare syndrome characterized by a coarse face, mental retardation and skeletal abnormalities.
  • Skeletal dysplasia, San Diego type: A very rare disorder characterized mainly by short limbs and flattened spinal vertebrae. Infants are stillborn or die soon after birth.
  • Sketetal dysplasia coarse facies mental retardation: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally as well as mental deterioration.
  • Spina bifida: A birth defect where the spinal vertebrae do not completely enclose the spinal cord often resulting in various degrees of nerve damage.
  • Spina bifida -- hypospadias: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by spina bifida (a opening in the spine) and an abnormally placed urethral opening (hypospadias).
  • Spinal AVM: Spinal AVM's refers to a group of abnormal blood vessels (arteries and veins) in the spinal canal. The severity of symptoms depends on the size and growth of the blood vessel malformation. Severe complications such as paralysis can result if the malformed blood vessels rupture and bleed.
  • Spinal Arthritis: Inflammation of the spine joints. The inflammation can be the result of such things as degenerative joint disease, gout, infection, trauma and autoimmune conditions.
  • Spinal Cord Disorders: Any condition that affects the spinal cord
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy: A rare condition characterized by progressive degeneration of the spinal and brainstem motor neurons. During fetal development excess primary neurons are formed. The body automatically destroys the extra primary neurons so that only some survive and mature into neurons. In spinal muscular dystrophy, the process that destroys the excess primary neurons doesn't switch off and continues destroying the neurons resulting in progressive motor problems. Various types of the condition range from mild to severe enough to cause death within a couple of years of birth.
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy type I: Type of SMA, a genetic motor neuron disease affecting nerves and muscles.
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy type II: Type of SMA, a genetic motor neuron disease affecting nerves and muscles.
  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy type III: Type of SMA, a genetic motor neuron disease affecting nerves and muscles.
  • Spinal cord injury: Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord as a result of a direct trauma to the spinal cord itself or as a result of indirect damage to the bones and soft tissues and vessels surrounding the spinal cord.
  • Spinal curvature: Various types of curvature of the spine
  • Spinal deformity: Congenital or acquired back deformities.
  • Spinal dysostosis, type Anhalt: A very rare syndrome characterized by various spinal abnormalities.
  • Spinal intradural arachnoid cysts: A rare disorder involving a fluid-filled cysts on the arachnoid membrane which is one of the thin layers of tissue that form a membrane which covers the spinal cord. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the size and location of the cyst.
  • Spinal pain and rigidity: Usually occurs due to simple reasons such lack of exercise or may involve something as complicated such as metastatic spread of carcinoma breast to the vertebrae.
  • Spinal shock: A rare condition that can occur after spinal cord injury and involves a period of absent reflexes which may be permanent or last for hours to weeks. This period may be followed by a period of excessive reflexes.
  • Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal cavity around the spinal cord.
  • Spine osteoarthritis: A form of arthritis where the cartilage which cushions the bones in the spine as they move against each other, becomes progressively degraded and damaged. This causes problems such as pain, stiffness and impaired movement. Pain is not present in all cases however, with some patients imply suffering joint stiffness. Primary osteoarthritis occurs as the person ages but results from repetitive use and/or high mechanical stress on the joint. It is not a direct result of the aging process. Secondary osteoarthritis is the result of such things as injury to the joint, joint infection, obesity, ligament damage, joint overuse, hormonal problems, pregnancy and various other conditions. Family history seem to play a factor in developing the condition.
  • Sponastrime dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder involving severe skeletal changes that results in short limbs, dwarfism and spinal and facial bone abnormalities.
  • Spondylarthritis: Inflammation of one or more spine joints.
  • Spondylarthropathy: Refers to a family of related inflammatory disorders that affect the sacroiliac joints, the spine and, less commonly, peripheral joints.
  • Spondylitis: Inflammation of one or multiple bony vertebrae of the spine
  • Spondylo camptodactyly syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by a finger abnormality, curved spine and flat neck vertabrae
  • Spondylo-humero-femoral dysplasia: A rare genetic disorder characterized by bone formation abnormalities, short stature and early death.
  • Spondylo-ocular syndrome: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by eye and spinal abnormalities.
  • Spondylocarpotarsal synostosis: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, fusion of toe and finger bones and failure of spinal segmentation.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis with anal atresia and urogenital anomalies: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities. The recessive form is more severe than the dominantly inherited form.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, Dandy-Walker: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities as well as the Dandy-Walker anomaly (brain cyst).
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, autosomal recessive: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities. The recessive form is more severe than the dominantly inherited form.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, autosomal recessive 1: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities. This form is severe and often results in infant death.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, autosomal recessive 2: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities resulting in a short trunk and neck as well as long thin fingers.
  • Spondylocostal dysostosis, autosomal recessive 3: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities resulting in a short trunk and neck.
  • Spondylocostal dysplasia dominant: A rare, dominantly inherited syndrome characterized mainly by rib and spine abnormalities.
  • Spondylodysplasia and Premature Pubarche: A very rare condition characterized by premature puberty and vertebral abnormalities.
  • Spondyloenchondrodysplasia: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone development resluts in symptoms such as flattened spine bones, short stature, large joints and other anomalies. The disorder is also characterized by the development of benign cartilage growths in bones which affects it's growth and strength.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal Dysplasia, Aggrecan Type: A very rare syndrome observed in 3 siblings and characterized primarily by various bone abnormalities.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal Dysplasia, Pakistani Type: A rare condition observed in a large family from Pakistani characterized by abnormal bone growth of a distinctive form.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia congenita, Iraqi: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormal bone growth. Only a few cases have been reported.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia joint laxity: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal bone growth involving severe scoliosis and loose joints.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with hypotrichosis: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally as well as reduced hair.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally. Loose joints and severe curvature of the spine is also present. The condition is severe and death in the first couple of decades is common.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with multiple dislocations: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal bone growth and multiple joint dislocations.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, Irapa type: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally resulting in a short spine, short hand and foot bones and flattened vertebrae.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, Missouri type: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally. The Missouri type is characterized by bowed legs, short limbs and abnormal vertebral shape.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, X linked with mental deterioration: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally as well as mental deterioration.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, X-linked: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally. The trunk and fingers are short.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, genevieve type: A recessively inherited disorder characterized mainly by abnormal bone development (epiphyses, metaphyses and vertebrae) as well as mental retardation. The abnormalities become progressively worse with age.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, hypotrichosis: An inherited bone growth disorder characterized by short stature, bone abnormalities and vision problems. An additional feature of this condition is the reduced amount of hair (hypotrichosis). The bone abnormalities are due to a genetic mutation that affects the development of bone and connective tissue.
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, micromelic: A rare skeletal disorder where the spine and long bones grow and develop abnormally. This particular type is characterized by short stature, short limbs and spinal abnormalities.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia: A rare bone growth disorder affecting the spine and ends of bones and resulting in short stature.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia -- nephritic syndrome:
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia -- nephrotic syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized by skeletal and immunity abnormalities. The immune defect leads to progressive kidney dysfunction which can ultimately cause death during the first decade.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda: A rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature and skeletal abnormalities which are usually not apparent before 12 years.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda progressive arthropathy: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone development primarily involves the spine and epiphyses (end of long bones where growth occurs). Progressive arthropathy (joint disease) also affects most joints.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda, Toledo type: A rare bone development disorder caused by a deficiency of chondroitin sulfate. The short stature tends to be moderate and an eye abnormality is also usually present.
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda, autosomal dominant: A rare genetic disorder where abnormal bone development primarily involves the spine and epiphyses (end of long bones where growth occurs).
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, congenita: A rare genetic bone growth disorder characterized by prenatal growth deficiency, myopia and short trunk.
  • Spondylohypoplasia arthrogryposis popliteal pterygium: A very rare inherited syndrome characterized by webbing at the back of the knees, spinal defects and various other skeletal abnormalities.
  • Spondylohypoplasia, arthrogryposis and popliteal pterygium: A very rare inherited syndrome characterized by webbing at the back of the knees, spinal defects and various other skeletal abnormalities.
  • Spondylolisthesis: A condition in which 2 or more vertebra may slide backwards or forwards on each other.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia -- cone-rod dystrophy: A rare syndrome characterized by skeletal abnormalities (spine and metaphyses) and an eye disorder. Vision impairment starts early in life and tends to progress but often stabilizes during adolescence.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia with bowed forearms and facial dysmorphism: A rare skeletal disorder involving abnormal bone development. The condition is characterized by bowed forearms, abnormal facial appearance, spinal abnormalities and short limbs.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia with combined immunodeficiency: A rare syndrome characterized by skeletal abnormalities as well as a poor immune system.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia with dentinogenesis imperfecta: A rare skeletal disorder involving abnormal bone development. The condition is characterized by abnormal growth of long bones, loose joints and tooth enamel abnormalities. The shortness in the arms and legs occurs mainly in the middle bones such as the forearm and lower leg bones.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, 'corner fracture' type: A rare inherited bone development disorder characterized by vertebra abnormalities, short stature and what appears to be fragments of bone at the ends of some long bones.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Algerian type: A severe, dominantly inherited skeletal disorder involving abnormal bone development. The condition is characterized by knock knees, curved spine, short stature and abnormal growth of long bones.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Kozlowski type: A rare genetic disorder characterized by reduced calcification of the spine and pelvis resulting in short stature.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Sedaghatian type: A very rare syndrome characterized by abnormal bone development with short arms and flattened vertebrae. Death usually occurs within days of birth.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, X-linked: A rare disorder characterized by spine and long bone abnormalities and facial anomalies. The disorder is inherited in a X-linked manner which means that males exhibit the full extent of the symptoms whereas female carriers often have only mild symptoms.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, axial: A rare skeletal disorder involving abnormal bone development. The condition is characterized by flattened vertebrae, small rib cage, abnormal ribs and other bone abnormalities.
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, east-African type: A rare, early-onset skeletal disorder involving abnormal bone development. The spine is mildly affected and the hands are spared but the growing ends of long bones are deformed (bracket-shaped) which affects bone growth.
  • Spondyloperipheral dysplasia -- short ulna: A rare inherited disorder characterized by a short forearm bone (ulna) and other skeletal anomalies such as short hands and feet.
  • Spondylosis: Spinal degeneration of the discs or spinal joints
  • Sugarman syndrome: A rare genetic disorder characterized by oral frenula, oral clefts, underdeveloped nose flaps and finger, teeth and eye abnormalities.
  • Swayback: A spinal deformity where the spin curves inward. The condition may be caused by tightness in the lower back muscles, pregnancy and excessive abdominal size or vertebral abnormality. The curvature can be noted as a gap between the lower back and the floor when a person lays face-down on a flat surface.
  • Syncamptodactyly -- scoliosis: A very rare disorder characterized by the association of a curved spine and partial webbing and permanent flexion of 2nd and 3rd toes.
  • Tarlov cysts: Development of a cyst in the spinal nerve. Symptoms can be asymptomatic or severe depending on the size and location of the cyst.
  • Tel-Hashomer camptodactyly syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by finger flexion, facial anomalies, short stature and muscle problems.
  • Thanatophoric dysplasia, type 1: A rare lethal genetic disorder characterized by severe skeletal abnormalities, flat vertebrae, large head and low nasal bridge.
  • Thanatophoric dysplasia, type 2: A rare lethal genetic disorder characterized by severe skeletal abnormalities, flat vertebrae, large head and low nasal bridge.
  • Transverse myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord which results in various neurological and muscle symptoms. The inflammation can occur for no obvious reason or may result from a virus, bacterial infection, autoimmune disease or vaccination. The type and severity of symptoms is determined by the location and degree of inflammation.
  • Tsukuhara syndrome: A very rare syndrome characterized mainly by a curved spine, premature fusion of skull bones and a small head.
  • Tuberculosis: Bacterial infection causing nodules forming, most commonly in the lung.
  • Turpin syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by abnormalities involving the trachea, esophagus, vertebrae and ribs.
  • Type I spinal osteoporosis: Spinal osteoporosis is rarely diagnosed until spinal bones have broken. These breaks occur at the weakest points of the spinal column.
  • VACTERL association: A rare syndrome characterized by often severe deformities involving the limbs, kidneys, anus, heart, esophagus and spine.
  • VACTERL association with hydrocephaly, X-linked: This condition is characterised by the occurrence of hydrocephalus with VACTERYL syndrome.
  • VACTERL with hydrocephalus, X-linked: A rare X-linked syndrome characterized by the VACTERL abnormalities (vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital cardiac disease, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal anomalies, radial dysplasia, limb defects) as well as a buildup of fluid inside the skull (hydrocephalus).
  • VACTERYL hydrocephaly: This condition is characterised by the occurrence of hydrocephalus with VACTERYL syndrome.
  • VATER association: An association of congenital abnormalities that consists of vertebral defects, imperforate anus, tracheoesophageal fistula, and radial and renal dysplasia
  • Venencie Powell Winkelmann syndrome: A congenital condition that is characterised by the occurrence of a number of clinical signs and symptoms
  • Verloes Bourguignon syndrome: A condition which is characterised by skeletal dysplasia with amelogenesis imperfecta and platyspondyly
  • Verloes-Deprez syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized by the association of scoliosis, muscle disease and eye condition called Duane anomaly.
  • Vertebral Artery Dissection: A tear that develops in the vertebral artery and tends to result in a stroke. It is the most common cause of stroke in young people. Vertebral artery dissections can be caused by trauma to the neck, manipulation of the spine (chiropractics), high blood pressure or even blowing the nose in some cases.
  • Vertebral body fusion overgrowth: A condition that is characterised by increased keratinization of the skin with a x-linked genetic trait
  • Vertebral fracture: A fracture of the vertebra of the back
  • Vertebral fusion posterior lumbosacral blepharoptosis: A condition described as the congenital vertebral fusion of the posterior lumbosacrum
  • Vertebral fusion- posterior lumbrosacral, blepharoptosis:
  • Waaler Aarskog syndrome: A rare syndrome characterized mainly by hydrocephaly and upwardly displaced shoulder blade (Sprengel anomaly).
  • Whiplash: Neck injury often from a car accident.
  • Whistling face syndrome: A condition which is characterised by craniocarpotarsal dystrophy
  • Whistling face syndrome, recessive form: A rare, recessively inherited syndrome characterized mainly by a characteristic "whistling" face and hand anomalies. The range of symptoms are variable.
  • Wildervanck syndrome: A rare birth disorder involving hearing loss, fusion of vertebrae and eye movement abnormalities/
  • Zanoli-Vecchi syndrome: A complication of spinal surgery where bleeding in the spine causes blood to move into the brain ventricles and results in apnea, convulsions and loss of consciousness.

 

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