Treatments for Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Treatments for Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
Treatment of STDs starts with prevention. Preventive measures include seeking regular medical care throughout a lifetime. Regular medical care allows a health care professional to best evaluate an individual's risks of catching STDs and regularly test for them. These measures greatly increase the chances of catching and treating STDs in their earliest stages before serious complications occur.
Other preventive measures include abstaining from sexual activity or having sex only within a mutually monogamous relationship in which neither partner is infected with a STD. Latex condoms also provide some protection against STDs when used properly.
Treatment for STDs caused by a bacterial infection, such as, chlamydia or gonorrhea, or by the parasite trichomoniasis, includes oral antibiotic medication. Pubic lice are treated with an appropriate optical medication that contains a pesticide. STDs caused by viruses, such as HIV/AIDS and genital herpes, are not curable, but can be controlled to various degrees with antiviral or antiretroviral medications.
It is also important to abstain from sexual activity until a licensed health care provider says it's safe to engage in sex. It is also vital to notify all sexual partners of the infection, even if they have no symptoms, so they can seek medical care and treatment.
Treatment List for Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
for Sexually Transmitted Diseases
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
- Management of sexually transmitted diseases depends upon the type, duration and severity of the infection, as we as issues such as patient compliance. Treatments include:
- Antibiotics for infections such as Chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhoea and Trichomonas
- Management of HIV
- Management of genital warts
- Surgery - for tubo-ovarian abscess related to PID
- Contact tracing and treatment of partners
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Hospital statistics for Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
These medical statistics relate to hospitals, hospitalization and Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
- 0.02% (2,840) of hospital episodes were for sexually transmitted infections in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 0.01% (5,229) of hospital bed days were for sexually transmitted infections in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 97% of hospital consultations for sexually transmitted infections required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 22% of hospital admissions for sexually transmitted infections required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
- 41% of hospital episodes for sexually transmitted infections were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
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Hospitals & Medical Clinics: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Medical news summaries about treatments for Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
The following medical news items
are relevant to treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
Discussion of treatments for Sexually Transmitted Diseases:
STDs and Pregnancy: DSTD (Excerpt)
Can STDs be
treated during pregnancy?
Bacterial STDs (like chlamydia,
gonorrhea, and syphilis) can be treated and cured with antibiotics during
pregnancy. There is no cure for viral STDs such as genital herpes
and HIV, but antiviral medication for herpes and HIV may reduce symptoms
in the pregnant woman. In addition, the risk of passing HIV
infection from mother to baby is dramatically reduced by treatment.
For women who have active genital herpes lesions at the time of delivery,
a cesarean section may be performed to protect the newborn against
infection. (Source: excerpt from STDs and Pregnancy: DSTD)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID (Excerpt)
When diagnosed and treated early, many STDs can be treated
effectively. Some infections have become resistant to the drugs
used to treat them and now require newer types of antibiotics.
Experts believe that having STDs other than AIDS increases one's
risk for becoming infected with the AIDS virus. (Source: excerpt from Sexually Transmitted Diseases, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID (Excerpt)
Anyone diagnosed as having an STD should:
- Be treated to reduce the risk of transmitting an STD to an
- Discuss with a doctor the possible risk of transmission in
breast milk and whether commercial formula should be substituted.
- Notify all recent sex partners and urge them to get a checkup.
- Follow the doctor's orders and complete the full course of
medication prescribed. A follow-up test to ensure that the
infection has been cured is often an important step in treatment.
- Avoid all sexual activity while being treated for an STD.
Sometimes people are too embarrassed or frightened to ask for
help or information. Most STDs are readily treated, and the earlier
a person seeks treatment and warns sex partners about the disease,
the less likely the disease will do irreparable physical damage, be
spread to others or, in the case of a woman, be passed on to a
newborn baby. (Source: excerpt from Sexually Transmitted Diseases, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)
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