Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 

Strep throat

Strep throat: Introduction

Strep throat is an acute infection of the throat caused by a streptococcal infection, a type of bacterial infection.

Strep throat leads to swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the throat and is the most common bacterial cause of tonsillitis. Strep throat can occur to anyone but is most common in children.

Symptoms of strep throat include a sore throat, although not all people with strep throat will have a sore throat. The throat and tonsils become red, swollen, and white patches of pus may appear on the tonsils. Other symptoms include pain with swallowing, difficulty swallowing, headache, fever, and swollen glands (swollen lymph nodes). Complications of strep throat are possible in rare cases. Complications can include rheumatic fever and scarlet fever. For additional symptoms and more information about complications, refer to symptoms of strep throat.

The streptococcal infection that causes strep throat is contagious and spreads when an infected person talks, coughs or sneezes. This shoots droplets contaminated with streptococcus bacteria into the air where they can be breathed in by others. The streptococcal infection that causes strep throat can also spread by touching an infected person or a contaminated surface, such as a contaminated drinking glass or computer keyboard.

Making a diagnosis of strep throat involves taking a thorough health history, including symptoms, and performing a physical exam. This includes examining the throat with a lighted instrument for the typical signs of strep throat. These include swelling, redness and irritation of the throat and tonsils and the presence of pockets of pus on the tonsils. At this time a throat culture and sensitivity is performed.

A throat culture and sensitivity involves swabbing the tonsils and tonsils with a cotton swab and growing and examining the sample under a microscope for the streptococcus bacteria. This test can take up to two days and also determines the most effective antibiotic needed to treat a specific case of strep throat. A similar but quicker test that can be done in less than half an hour is also often performed. This is called a rapid strep test and can only check for a group A streptococcal infection.

A physical examination also includes feeling the lymph glands for signs of swelling.

Blood tests, may be performed If a person with strep throat is very ill, has a high fever or other signs of an infection in other areas of the body, or has had symptoms for more than two weeks. Blood tests may include a complete blood count, which tests for an abnormally high number of white blood cells. This indicates an infectious process occurring in the body. An urinanalysis on the urine and other tests may be done if there are symptoms of a complications called acute glomerulonephritis, a type of kidney disease.

Because strep throat can mimic mononucleosis, a rapid test called a monospot may also be done to check for mononucleosis. A monospot test might be performed in conjunction with a blood test that checks for the presence of specific antibodies that the body produces to fight mononucleosis.

It is possible that a diagnosis of strep throat can be delayed or overlooked because some people do not have a sore throat. In addition, the symptoms of strep throat may resemble symptoms of other diseases, such as viral pharyngitis. For information about misdiagnosis and diseases and conditions that can mimic strep throat, refer to misdiagnosis ofstrep throat.

Treatment of strep throat includes antibiotics. The most effective antibiotic to treat strep throat is often penicillin. Treatment also includes measures to help relieve symptoms and keep the body as strong as possible to minimize the risk of developing complications. This includes rest, medications to ease body aches and fever, and drinking plenty of fluids. People who are in good health can generally recover from the strep throat at home by taking antibiotics as directed and with supportive care, such as rest, fluids, and pain relievers. ...more »

Strep throat: Streptococcal bacterial throat infection. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Strep throat is available below.

Strep throat: Symptoms

Symptoms of strep throat can vary somewhat among individuals but often include a sore throat, However, not all people with a strep throat will have a sore throat.

Other symptoms include swollen tonsils. Infection of the tonsils may result in the formation of visible white colored patches or pockets of pus on the tonsils. This can lead to a bad taste in the mouth and bad breath.

...more symptoms »

Strep throat: Treatments

Treatment of strep throat begins with preventing the spread of the streptococcus bacteria that can cause it. Prevention measures include avoiding contact with people who have strep throat. Preventive measures also include covering your mouth and nose with your elbow or a tissue when you sneeze or cough and washing hands frequently with soap and water for at least 15 seconds. It is also ...more treatments »

Strep throat: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of strep throat may be missed or delayed because some people do not have a sore throat. Misdiagnosing strep throat is also possible because the symptoms of strep throat can mimic symptoms of other diseases, such as influenza, cold, mononucleosis, pharyngitis, and upper respiratory infection. ...more misdiagnosis »

Symptoms of Strep throat

Treatments for Strep throat

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Strep throat:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Strep throat?

Strep throat: Related Patient Stories

Strep throat: Deaths

Read more about Deaths and Strep throat.

Alternative Treatments for Strep throat

Alternative treatments or home remedies that have been listed in various sources as possibly beneficial for Strep throat may include:

  • Oral pain reliever
  • Lemon juice and warm water gargle
  • Warm salt water gargle
  • Warm salt water and Listerine gargle
  • more treatments »

Diagnostic Tests for Strep throat

Test for Strep throat in your own home

Click for Tests

Causes of Strep throat

Read more about causes of Strep throat.

More information about causes of Strep throat:

Disease Topics Related To Strep throat

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Strep throat:

Strep throat: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Strep throat

Antibiotics often causes diarrhea: The use of antibiotics are very likely to cause some level of diarrhea in patients. The reason is that antibiotics kill off not only "bad"...read more »

Sinusitis is overdiagnosed: There is a tendency to give a diagnosis of sinusitis, when the condition is really a harmless complication of another infection, such as a common cold....read more »

Whooping cough often undiagnosed: Although most children in the Western world have been immunized against whooping cough (also called "pertussis"), this protection...read more »

Chronic lung diseases hard to diagnose: Some of the chronic lung diseases are difficult to diagnose. Even the well-knowns conditions such as asthma or lung cancer often fail to be diagnosed...read more »

Strep throat: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Hospitals & Clinics: Strep throat

Research quality ratings and patient safety measures for medical facilities in specialties related to Strep throat:

Choosing the Best Hospital: More general information, not necessarily in relation to Strep throat, on hospital performance and surgical care quality:

Strep throat: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for Strep throat

Medical research articles related to Strep throat include:

Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database

Strep throat: Animations

Research about Strep throat

Visit our research pages for current research about Strep throat treatments.

Statistics for Strep throat

Strep throat: Broader Related Topics

Strep throat Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Strep throat, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Definitions of Strep throat:

An infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus - (Source - WordNet 2.1)

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise