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Diseases » Stroke » Stats
 

Statistics about Stroke

Cause statistics for Stroke:

The following are statistics from various sources about the causes of Stroke:

  • 62% of stroke cases caused caused by high blood pressure worldwide (WHO World Health Report, 2002)
  • Diabetes was the associated cause of death in 8% of stroke deaths in Australia, 2002 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 22% of deaths from diabetes also had stroke as an associated cause of death in Australia, 2002 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Cancer was an underlying cause in 1.4% of female deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Cancer was an underlying cause in 1.4% of male deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Coronary heart disease was an underlying cause in 3.6% of female deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Coronary Heart Disease was an underlying cause in 2.6% of male deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Endocrine disease was an underlying cause in 9.8% of female deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Endocrine disease was an underlying cause in 6.4% of male deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Respiratory disease was an underlying cause in 8.9% of female deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Respiratory disease was an underlying cause in 5.3% of male deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Stroke was an underlying cause in 63.6% of female deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Stroke was an underlying cause in 54.1% of male deaths from stroke in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 2.1% of diabetic adults attending specialist diabetes services had a stroke in Australia 2002 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • more about causes...»

Risk factor statistics for Stroke:

The following are statistics from various sources about the risk factors for Stroke:

  • Risk for stroke amongst diabetics is two to four times higher than those without diabetes in the US (National Diabetes Statistics fact sheet, NIDDK, 2003)
  • more about risk factors...»

Prevalence and incidence statistics for Stroke:

See also prevalence and incidence page for Stroke

Prevalance of Stroke: estimated 4.6 million (NHLBI)

Prevalance Rate: approx 1 in 59 or 1.69% or 4.6 million people in USA [about data]

Incidence (annual) of Stroke: 600,000 annually (CDC) including 500,000 new cases and 100,000 recurrences.

Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 453 or 0.22% or 600,000 people in USA [about data]

Incidence extrapolations for USA for Stroke: 600,000 per year, 50,000 per month, 11,538 per week, 1,643 per day, 68 per hour, 1 per minute, 0 per second. Note: this extrapolation calculation uses the incidence statistic: 600,000 annually (CDC) including 500,000 new cases and 100,000 recurrences.

Worldwide incidence of Stroke: estimated 15 million people worldwide survive minor strokes each year (Cardiovascular Diseases – Prevention and Control, WHO, 2001-2002)

Prevelance statistics about Stroke:

The following statistics relate to the prevalence of Stroke:

  • Estimated 4,800,000 in the USA 2001 (American Heart Association, 2004)
  • 4,700,000 cases in the USA (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-94)
  • 4.8 million people had ever had a stroke in the US 2002 (Summary Health Statistics for US Adults, 2002, NCHS, CDC)
  • 2.4% of adults had ever had a stroke in the US 2002 (Summary Health Statistics for US Adults, 2002, NCHS, CDC)
  • more about prevalence...»

Incidence statistics about Stroke:

The following statistics relate to the incidence of Stroke:

  • 3.3 million annually (unclear source)
  • 3 million cases per year in the USA 1994 (US Government Statistics)
  • 50% of cases of stroke each year are in women in the US (The National Women’s Health Information Center, CDC)
  • 40,000-48,000 strokes occur annually in Australia (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • more about incidence...»

Death and mortality statistics for Stroke:

Deaths from Stroke: 167,366 deaths in 1999 (CDC); 7.0% of deaths in 1999.

Cause of death rank: 3rd top leading cause of death in 1999 and 2000 (CDC)

Death rate extrapolations for USA for Stroke: 167,366 per year, 13,947 per month, 3,218 per week, 458 per day, 19 per hour, 0 per minute, 0 per second. Note: this extrapolation calculation uses the deaths statistic: 167,366 deaths in 1999 (CDC); 7.0% of deaths in 1999.

Death statistics for Stroke:

The following are statistics from various sources about deaths and Stroke:

  • 163,538 people died annually from strokes in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, CDC)
  • 57.4 people per 100,000 population died annually from strokes in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, CDC)
  • Stroke was ranked the third leading cause of death in the US 2001 (Deaths: Final Data for 2001, NCHS, CDC)
  • 3rd leading cause of death in women in the US (The National Women’s Health Information Center, CDC)
  • 61% of deaths from stroke each year are in women in the US (The National Women’s Health Information Center, CDC)
  • 160,431 deaths per year in the USA 1996 (US Government Statistics)
  • 27 deaths per 100,000 population in the USA 1996 (US Government Statistics)
  • Ranked 3rd highest cause of death in the USA 1996 (US Government Statistics)
  • Caused 11,982 deaths in Australia in 1988 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002)
  • Caused 7,170 female deaths in Australia in 1988 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002)
  • 60.1 deaths per 100,000 women in Australia 2001 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, National Mortality Database, 2003)
  • 65.3 deaths per 100,000 men in Australia 2001 (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, National Mortality Database, 2003)
  • 9.4% of all deaths in Australia in 1988 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2002)
  • Stroke causes more deaths in women than men worldwide, 11% vs 8.4% (World Heart Federation Fact-Sheet, 2002)
  • Diabetes was the associated cause of death in 8% of stroke deaths in Australia, 2002 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Stroke was an underlying cause in 1.8% of female deaths from respiratory disease in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Stroke was an underlying cause in 3.4% of male deaths from respiratory disease in Australia 1997-2002 (AIHW National Morbidity Database, Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 12,533 people died from stroke in Australia 2002 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • 9% of all deaths was due to strokes in Australia 2002 (Australia’s Health 2004, AIHW)
  • Death statistics for cerebrovascular diseases including stroke by age in the USA:
  • more about deaths...»

Life Expectancy & Years of Life Lost for Stroke

Average life years lost for Stroke: 3.5 average YPLL/person for stroke in Michigan1.

Society statistics for Stroke

  Costs for Stroke: $49.4 billion with $30.8b direct, $5.6b morbidity, $13.0b mortality (NHLBI 2002)

  Costs for Stroke: Heart disease and stroke cost the nation almost $260 billion annually. (Source: excerpt from Facts About Cardiovascular Disease: CDC-OC)

Cost statistics for Stroke:

The following are statistics from various sources about costs and Stroke:

  • $2.7 billion spent each year in Canada (Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada Web site)
  • $1,258 million in hospital costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $75 million in physician costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $112 million in 1,565 costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $2 million in research costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1 million in direct costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,446 million in long-term disability costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,226 million in indirect costs for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)
  • $1,226 million for stroke in Canada 1993 (Health Canada)

  Hospitalizations for Stroke: 926,000 hospitalizations per year in the USA 1995 (US Government Statistics)

Hospitalization statistics for Stroke:

The following are statistics from various sources about hospitalizations and Stroke:

  • 942,000 hospital discharges were due to strokes in the US 2002 (2002 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • Average length of hospital stay for strokes was 5.3 days in the US 2002 (2002 National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS, CDC)
  • 0.069% (8,819) of hospital consultant episodes were for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 79% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 37% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 63% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 63% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 17.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 57% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 14% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for subarachnoid haemorrhage were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.196% (102,689) of hospital bed days were for subarachnoid haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.121% (15,455) of hospital consultant episodes were for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 64% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 50% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 83% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 26.6 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 69 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 21% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 47% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for intracerebral haemorrhage were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.481% (252,353) of hospital bed days were for intracerebral haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.049% (6,277) of hospital consultant episodes were for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 71% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 61% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 39% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 66% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 16.4 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 7 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 71 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 17% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1% of hospital consultant episodes for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.138% (72,182) of hospital bed days were for other nontraumatic intracranial haemorrhage in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.508% (64,808) of hospital consultant episodes were for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 54% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 48% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 52% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 90% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 33.3 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 17 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 74 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 11% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 58% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for cerebral infarction were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 2.26% (1,186,111) of hospital bed days were for cerebral infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0.42% (53,220) of hospital consultant episodes were for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 62% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction required hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 44% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction were for men in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 56% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction were for women in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 89% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction required emergency hospital admission in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 27.5 days was the mean length of stay in hospitals for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 12 days was the median length of stay in hospitals for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 77 was the mean age of patients hospitalised for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 8% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction occurred in 15-59 year olds in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 67% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction occurred in people over 75 in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 0% of hospital consultant episodes for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction were single day episodes in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)
  • 1.6% (839,243) of hospital bed days were for stroke not specified as haemorrhage or infarction in England 2002-03 (Hospital Episode Statistics, Department of Health, England, 2002-03)

  Physician office visits for Stroke: 694,000 visits to the ER per year for stroke in the USA 1995 (US Government Statistics)

About statistics:

This page presents a variety of statistics about Stroke. The term 'prevalence' of Stroke usually refers to the estimated population of people who are managing Stroke at any given time. The term 'incidence' of Stroke refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Stroke diagnosed each year. Hence, these two statistics types can differ: a short-lived disease like flu can have high annual incidence but low prevalence, but a life-long disease like diabetes has a low annual incidence but high prevalence. For more information see about prevalence and incidence statistics.



Footnotes: 1. Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, MDCH, Michigan, USA

 

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