Treatments for Swine flu
Treatments for Swine flu:
Treatment of the swine flu starts with prevention of outbreaks of swine flu in pig populations. Outbreaks of swine flu in pigs increase the chances of transmitting the disease to farm workers and veterinarians who in turn may spread the disease to other human populations. Preventive measures include vaccinating pigs and quarantining infected animals or pigs that are new to a country or to a particular farm. Measures also include maintaining good hygiene of animal pens with disinfectants.
It is not possible to get the swine flu by eating pork. It is spread from person to person by contaminated respiratory droplets, such as from coughing, and on contaminated surfaces. Effective preventive measures include covering your mouth and nose with your elbow or a tissue when you sneeze or cough and washing hands frequently with soap and water for at least 15 seconds. You can also use antibacterial cleaners to clean hands and surfaces. It is also important to avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth, which can transmit the virus from your hands into your body.
Getting an H1N1 vaccine is also critical to avoid contracting that form of the swine flu. Getting an H1N1 vaccine is especially important for people who are at risk for serious complications, such as children, those over 50 years of age, and those with compromised immune systems or chronic diseases, including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
There is currently no cure for the swine flu. Once the disease is contracted, treatment includes measures to help relieve symptoms so that one is comfortable enough to get sufficient amounts of rest. Rest is needed to keep up strength and help recover without developing complications. Treatment also includes over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen as directed to ease body aches and fever. Good care also includes drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration and chicken soup. This time-tested home remedy can help to break up congestion and provides easy-to-digest nutrients to help keep up strength.
Antibiotics are not prescribed for the swine flu because they are ineffective against the swine flu virus. However, antibiotics may be prescribed if a person develops a secondary bacterial infection as a complication of the swine flu, such as pneumonia or acute bronchitis. For these people, hospitalization is often required and may include intravenous antibiotics and fluid therapy.
There are also antiviral medications available that can limit the length and severity of the swine flu. These include oseltamivir and zanamivir, which can have side effects and are not appropriate or necessary for all people with the swine flu. Antiviral drugs may be prescribed only to people who are at a high risk of developing life-threatening complications of the flu, such as pneumonia or acute bronchitis.
Treatment List for Swine flu
The list of treatments mentioned in various sources
for Swine flu
includes the following list.
Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment
or change in treatment plans.
- Antiviral medications
- Zanamivir (Relenza)
- Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
- Home Management: Patients who suspect they may have Human Swine Flu Influenza or have been in contact with someone who has or may have it should adhere the following procedure
- Stay at home - Preventspread of disease by staying in their home if you have flu-like symptoms.
- Don't mix with other people
- Separate from others - If others are living with you while you have flu-like symptoms, wear a face mask,keep a distance of one metre from them or stay in a separate room.
- Separate toilet - Try to use a toilet that no-one else is using; especially if you have diarrhea.
- Wash hands regularly with soap and water . more than 6 times a day is recommended
- Cover your mouth - When coughing or sneezing, cover your nose and mouth, use tissues and dispose of them immediately after use and immediately wash hands using alcohol gel or handwipes.
- House cleaning - Atleast once a day, clean taps, door knobs, light switches and other parts of thehouse that may have been touched . it is recommended that warm water anddetergent followed by household disinfectant is used.
- Don't share towels, pillows, tooth brushes or any other personal items
- Drink lots of fluids, rest and eat if possible
- Fever medications - Use paracetamol for fever if needed. Do not use aspirinin children due to the risk of Reye's syndrome.
- Take antiviral medicine if it has been advised by a medical practitioner
- Phone a friend or relative each day to talk and enable you to cope with confinement
- During your time of confinement, call a health expert if advice is needed in order to avoid leaving the house and exposing others to the virus
- Seek urgent medical advice if:
- You have trouble breathing
- Are very drowsy or confused
- Have high fever for more than 48 hours
- Can't drink for more than 24 hours
- Have severe diarrhea or vomiting
- Are coughing up blood
- Seizures - more likely in children.
- You are concerned for any reason about your child or yourself
- Special classes of patients need closer attention to detect arising serious problems, e.g. babies, younger children, the elderly, patients with weakened immune systems, or patients with other health problems
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Diagnosis of Swine flu
Diagnosis can only be confirmed by sending a nasopharyngeal swab to a specialized laboratory. Usually an initial patient history is taken to determine possible contact with other infected individuals. A nasopharyngeal swab may then be done and tested to see whether infection is with Type A or Type B influenza virus. Infection with Type B virus indicates a common respiratory virus and infection with Type A virus may warrant further laboratory testing to determine if it is the strain associated with the Swine Flu.
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