Assessment
Questionnaire

Have a symptom?
See what questions
a doctor would ask.
 

Sydenham chorea

Sydenham chorea: Introduction

Sydenham chorea: Sydenham chorea, also called St. Vitus dance, is a childhood movement disorder characterized by rapid, irregular, aimless, involuntary movements of the ... more about Sydenham chorea.

Sydenham chorea: Brain disease causing involuntary movements or spasms. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of Sydenham chorea is available below.

Symptoms of Sydenham chorea

Treatments for Sydenham chorea

Home Diagnostic Testing

Home medical testing related to Sydenham chorea:

Wrongly Diagnosed with Sydenham chorea?

Sydenham chorea: Related Patient Stories

Sydenham chorea: Complications

Review possible medical complications related to Sydenham chorea:

Causes of Sydenham chorea

More information about causes of Sydenham chorea:

Disease Topics Related To Sydenham chorea

Research the causes of these diseases that are similar to, or related to, Sydenham chorea:

Sydenham chorea: Undiagnosed Conditions

Commonly undiagnosed diseases in related medical categories:

Misdiagnosis and Sydenham chorea

Undiagnosed stroke leads to misdiagnosed aphasia: BBC News UK reported on a man who had been institutionalized and treated for mental illness because he suffered from sudden inability...read more »

Dementia may be a drug interaction: A common scenario in aged care is for a patient to show mental decline to dementia. Whereas this can, of course, occur due to various medical conditions, such as a stroke...read more »

Mild traumatic brain injury often remains undiagnosed: Although the symptoms of severe brain injury are hard to miss, it is less clear for milder injuries, or...read more »

MTBI misdiagnosed as balance problem: When a person has symptoms such as vertigo or dizziness, a diagnosis of brain injury may go overlooked....read more »

Brain pressure condition often misdiagnosed as dementia: A condition that results from an excessive pressure of CSF within the brain is often misdiagnosed. It may be...read more »

Post-concussive brain injury often misdiagnosed: A study found that soldiers who had suffered a concussive injury in battle often were misdiagnosed on their return. A variety of symptoms can occur in post-concussion...read more »

Children with migraine often misdiagnosed: A migraine often fails to be correctly diagnosed in pediatric patients. These patients are not the typical migraine sufferers, but migraines can also occur in children. See misdiagnosis of migraine...read more »

Vitamin B12 deficiency under-diagnosed: The condition of Vitamin B12 deficiency is a possible misdiagnosis of various conditions, such as multiple sclerosis ...read more »

Sydenham chorea: Research Doctors & Specialists

Research related physicians and medical specialists:

Other doctor, physician and specialist research services:

Sydenham chorea: Rare Types

Rare types of diseases and disorders in related medical categories:

Evidence Based Medicine Research for Sydenham chorea

Medical research articles related to Sydenham chorea include:

Click here to find more evidence-based articles on the TRIP Database

Sydenham chorea: Animations

Prognosis for Sydenham chorea

Prognosis for Sydenham chorea: Good. Full recovery common. Usually self-limiting.

Research about Sydenham chorea

Visit our research pages for current research about Sydenham chorea treatments.

Statistics for Sydenham chorea

Sydenham chorea: Broader Related Topics

Sydenham chorea Message Boards

Related forums and medical stories:

User Interactive Forums

Read about other experiences, ask a question about Sydenham chorea, or answer someone else's question, on our message boards:

Article Excerpts about Sydenham chorea

Sydenham chorea, also called St. Vitus dance, is a childhood movement disorder characterized by rapid, irregular, aimless, involuntary movements of the muscles of the limbs, face, and trunk. The disorder, which is considered a manifestation of rheumatic fever (streptococcal infection), typically has an onset between the ages of 5 and 15. Girls are affected more often than boys. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Sydenham Chorea Information Page: NINDS)

Definitions of Sydenham chorea:

WHAT: Chorea. Chorea (Sydenham's): a neurological disorder characterized by purposeless, rapid, involuntary movements, emotional lability, and muscular weakness. WHY: Sydenham's chorea is seen in rheumatic fever. The chorea may be associated with other rheumatic manifestations or it may present as the sole expression of rheumatic fever. HOW: Typically, the onset of chorea is gradual, with irritability, uncooperativeness, fits of anger, crying, and inappropriate behavior present before the choreiform movements are noted. The movements are rapid and jerky, unlike the slower, rhythmic motion seen in athetosis. Characteristically, on raising his arms above the head, the patient turns the arms so as to oppose the backs of the hands. The patient is unable to sustain a tetanic muscular contraction. On squeezing an examiner's hand the patient can only provide a repetitive, spasmodic grip which is overly pronated and is similar to the motion of milking a cow (milk-maid's grip). The patient's facial expression alternates between frowning, grinning and grimacing. His tongue darts in and out of his mouth. His speech is slurred and vacillates between a halting and an explosive rhythm. The deep tendon reflexes tend to be pendular, i.e., when the knee jerk is elicited with the patient sitting, the leg swings back and forth four or five times like a pendulum, rather than one or two times as in a normal person. Chorea is most common prior to puberty, and in females. It is occasionally seen in adult women but never in adult men. REFS: 1) Jones criteria (revised) for guidance in the diagnosis of rheumatic fever. Circulation 32:664, 1965. 2) Cooper, IS: Involuntary Movement Disorders. New York: Hoeber, 1969. - (Source - Diseases Database)

Sydenham chorea is listed as a "rare disease" by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Sydenham chorea, or a subtype of Sydenham chorea, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
Source - National Institutes of Health (NIH)

 

By using this site you agree to our Terms of Use. Information provided on this site is for informational purposes only; it is not intended as a substitute for advice from your own medical team. The information on this site is not to be used for diagnosing or treating any health concerns you may have - please contact your physician or health care professional for all your medical needs. Please see our Terms of Use.

Home | Symptoms | Diseases | Diagnosis | Videos | Tools | Forum | About Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Site Map | Advertise