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Healthy kidneys clean your blood by removing excess fluid, minerals, and wastes. They also make hormones for strong bones and healthy blood. When kidneys do not work properly, harmful wastes build up in the body, blood pressure may rise, and the body may retain excess fluid and not make enough red blood cells. When this happens, treatment is needed to replace the work the kidneys normally perform. Dialysis can replace part of the kidney function. Diet, medications, and fluid limits are often needed as well. Dialysis may be used for very sick patients who have suddenly but temporarily lost their kidney function (acute renal failure) or for quite stable patients who have permanently lost their kidney function (stage 5 chronic kidney disease). The two primary types of dialysis are hermodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
Hemodialysis cleans and filters your blood using a machine to temporarily remove harmful wastes, extra salt, and extra water from your body. Hemodialysis is most often performed in a dialysis center but home treatment options are also available.
Peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of your abdomen and dialysis solution (a mixture of minerals and sugar dissolved in water ) to filter your blood removing wastes, chemicals and extra water from your body. After several hours, the used solution is drained from your abdomen through a tube and the cycle is repeated with fresh solution.
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