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Behcet's syndrome

Behcet's syndrome: Introduction

Behcet's disease is a type of vasculitis, in which there is a chronic inflammation of the blood vessels of the body. This blood vessel inflammation can result in many manifestations in different organs and body systems and can lead to potentially serious complications, such as aneurysm of the lungs, blindness, and meningitis.

Behcet's disease, also known as Behcet's syndrome, has no known cause. It is suspected to be an autoimmune disease, in which there is the body's immune system attacks healthy cells. It also has a genetic link, and people with a specific gene are at a higher risk for developing the disease.

Behcet's disease is rare in the U.S., but is far more common in the Far East and the Middle East, including Japan, China, Turkey, and Iran. It generally occurs to people in their 20s to their 40s, but can happen at any time in life.

Behcet's disease can affect all sizes and types of arteries and veins in the body. This results in a wide variety of symptoms complications that can affect almost any part of the body. The most common sites of symptoms and complications include the eyes, mouth, brain, skin, lungs, joints, genitals, and gastrointestinal tract.

Symptoms of Behcet's disease include sores on the mouth, genitals and in the gastrointestinal tract. For more information on symptoms, refer to symptoms of Behcet's disease.

Making a diagnosis of Behcet's disease begins with taking a thorough medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. There is no single test to diagnose Behcet's disease, and a diagnosis is based on the presence and recurrence of symptoms typical of the disease.

To make a diagnosis of Behcet's disease, people need to have experienced recurrent mouth lesions in addition to at least two of the following symptoms: recurrent genital, skin and/or eye lesions, and/or a positive pathergy test.

In a pathergy test, the skin is pricked with a tiny sterile needle. A positive test occurs when a red bump of pustule forms at the site of the needle prick. This test is not 100 percent accurate and needs to be accompanied by other symptoms in order to increase the suspicion that a person has Behcet's disease.

Other tests may be performed to rule out other disease that may appear similar to Behcet's disease, such as genital herpes.

It is possible that a diagnosis of Behcet's disease can be missed or delayed because there is no specific diagnostic test for it, and because some symptoms can resemble symptoms of less serious conditions, such as cold sores and canker sores. For more information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of Behcet's disease.

Behcet's disease is not curable, but with treatment, symptoms can be controlled and the risk of developing serious complications can be minimized. Treatment of Behcet's disease varies depending on the severity of symptoms, the person's age and medical history, and other factors.

Treatment generally includes medications that are taken in different forms depending on the type, location and severity of symptoms. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of Behcet's disease....more »

Behcet's syndrome: Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis of Behcet's disease may be delayed or missed because it is rare in the U.S. Some symptoms may also initially be attributed to more common conditions. Symptoms of mouth, skin, or genital lesions can be confused with the lesions of cold sores, canker sores, genital herpes, herpes, or acne. When ulcerations occur in the gastrointestinal tract due to Behcet's disease, ...more misdiagnosis »

Causes of Behcet's syndrome:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Behcet's syndrome. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Behcet's syndrome: Causes

Behcet's syndrome Treatments

The treatment plan for Behcet's disease varies depending on the severity of symptoms, the presence of complications, a person's age and medical history, and other factors. Behcet's disease cannot be cured, but treatment can help to reduce symptoms and minimize the develoment of serious complications, such as meningitis, blindness and aneurysm of the lungs.

Treatment generally involves ...Behcet's syndrome Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Behcet's syndrome may include:

Review further information on Behcet's syndrome Treatments.

Stories from Users for Behcet's syndrome

Real-life user stories relating to Behcet's syndrome:

Article Excerpts about Behcet's syndrome

Behcet's disease is a rare, chronic, lifelong disorder that involves inflammation of blood vessels throughout the body. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Behcet's Disease Information Page: NINDS)

Behcet's disease is a rare, chronic, lifelong disorder that involves inflammation of blood... (Source: excerpt from NINDS Behcet's Disease Information Page: NINDS)

BehÁetís disease is now recognized as a chronic condition that causes... (Source: excerpt from Questions and Answers About Behcets Disease: NIAMS)

Definitions of Behcet's syndrome:

Rare chronic inflammatory disease involving the small blood vessels; of unknown etiology and characterized by mucocutaneous ulceration in the mouth and genital region and uveitis with hypopyon; the neuroocular form may cause blindness and death; synovitis, thrombophlebitis, gastrointestinal ulcerations, retinal vasculitis, and optic atrophy may occur as well.
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Rare chronic inflammatory disease involving the small blood vessels; of unknown etiology and characterized by mucocutaneous ulceration in the mouth and genital region and uveitis with hypopyon; the neuroocular form may cause blindness and death; synovitis, thrombophlebitis, gastrointestinal ulcerations, retinal vasculitis, and optic atrophy may occur as well.
- (Source - CRISP)

Detailed list of causes of Behcet's syndrome

The list below shows some of the causes of Behcet's syndrome mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Behcet's syndrome?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Behcet's syndrome. Of the 2 causes of Behcet's syndrome that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 0 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 1 causes are "common" diseases
  • 0 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 0 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 0 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 2 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Behcet's syndrome:

The following list of conditions have 'Behcet's syndrome' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Behcet's syndrome or choose View All.

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What are the alternative names for Behcet's syndrome:

Behçet syndrome, Oculobuccogenital syndrome
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

These general medical articles may be of interest:

Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Behcet's Disease:

More Ways To Research Medical Signs and Symptoms:

 

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