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Bloody sputum is the presence of blood the mucus that is coughed up or spit up from the lungs. Bloody sputum is also called hemoptysis and is a symptom of a variety of mild to serious diseases, disorders and conditions. Bloody sputum can result from infection, inflammation, trauma, malignancy and other abnormal processes.
Bloody sputum that is mostly clear but may have a small streak of red or pinkish color may indicate a mild condition. This can include a relatively mild irritation of the throat and lungs, such as excessive coughing due to briefly inhaling smoke.
Bloody sputum can also be the result of a moderate to serious condition, disorder or disease, such as pneumonia, acute bronchitis, tuberculosis, smoking, bronchiolitis, asthma, choking, and bleeding disorders.
Depending on the cause, bloody sputum can be short-term and disappear quickly, such as when bloody sputum occurs after coughing due to briefly inhaling smoke. Short-term bloody sputum can also be due to some diseases, such as pneumonia, that can be successfully treated. Bloody sputum can also be chronic and ongoing over a long period of time, such as when a bloody sputum is due to smoking or lung cancer.
Bloody sputum can be the result of a wide variety of other conditions, including collapsed lungs (hemopneumothorax), amyloidosis, lung abscess, fungal infections of the lungs and parasitic infections of the lungs.
Bloody sputum often occurs in conjunction with other symptoms, which vary depending on the underlying disease, disorder or condition. Other common symptoms include cough, fever, shortness of breath and flu-like symptoms. The underlying disorder, disease or condition can also cause complications. For more details about symptoms and complications, see symptoms of a bloody sputum.
Diagnosing bloody sputum and its root cause begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination. This includes listening with a stethoscope to the sounds that the lungs make. Certain lung sounds point to some underlying causes of bloody sputum. For example, wheezing may indicate asthma, and a bubbling sound may point to pneumonia.
A noninvasive test called a pulse oximetry is generally performed. This involves clipping a painless device to the fingertip, which can measure the amount of oxygen in the blood. An arterial blood gas test is a blood test that measures the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood, as well as a number of other important markers of effective breathing.
Making a diagnosis also includes performing a variety of other tests to help to diagnose potential underlying diseases, conditions or disorders, such as bronchitis, lung trauma, amyloidosis, lung abscess, fungal infections of the lungs, lung cancer, bleeding disorders and parasitic infections of the lungs. Depending on the suspected cause, tests can include blood tests, lung tissue biopsy, EKG, and imaging tests, such as X-ray, CT scan, nuclear scans, and MRI.
A diagnosis of a bloody sputum and its cause can easily be delayed or missed because a bloody sputum may be mild and for other reasons. For information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of a bloody sputum.
Treatment of bloody sputum involves diagnosing and treating the underlying disease, disorder or condition that is causing it. Some conditions can be easily and successfully treated and cured, while others may require more intensive treatment and may not have an optimal prognosis. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of a bloody sputum....more »
Bloody sputum: Blood in the mouth or oral region (such as "Bloody sputum") can be coming from several sources and determining the location of the bleeding is important. The blood may result from simple causes like a mouth injury, lip injury,...more »
Diagnosing bloody sputum and its cause may be delayed or missed because in some cases, bloody sputum may not be severe enough for a person to seek medical care. In addition, diagnosing the underlying or associated disease, disorder or condition can be delayed because noticeable symptoms, such as a bloody sputum, may not occur immediately, such as in lung cancer.
Bloody ...more misdiagnosis »
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Bloody sputum.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor
about your symptoms.
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Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Bloody sputum, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
Treatment plans to treat bloody sputum are individualized depending on the underlying cause, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age and medical history of the patient, and other factors. Treatment generally involves a multifaceted plan that addresses the cause, decreases the risk of developing serious complications, and helps a person to breathe and rest comfortably.
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Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Bloody sputum may include these symptoms:
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Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Bloody sputum:
Read more about causes and Bloody sputum deaths.
Unnecessary hysterectomies due to undiagnosed bleeding disorder in women: The bleeding disorder called Von Willebrand's disease is quite common in women, but often fails to be correctly diagnosed. Women with the condition tend to have heavy...read more »
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Rare types of medical conditions and diseases in related medical categories:
Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:
The list of organs typically affected by Bloody sputum may include, but is not limited to:
The list below shows some of the causes of Bloody sputum mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Bloody sputum. Of the 124 causes of Bloody sputum that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Bloody sputum' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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The following list of medical conditions have Bloody sputum or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Bloody sputum based
on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:
Depending on the seriousness of the onset of Bloody sputum, you may want to consult one of the following medical professionals.
Important:In extreme cases, always seek advice from emergency services :
Subtypes of Bloody sputum:
Medical Conditions associated with Bloody sputum:
Bleeding symptoms (1783 causes), Sputum symptoms (216 causes), Cough (1407 causes), Wet cough (286 causes), Mouth symptoms (6864 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes), Lung symptoms (3280 causes), Throat symptoms (3410 causes), Common symptoms (8589 causes), Body symptoms (5672 causes), Breathing symptoms (3381 causes), Breath symptoms (3023 causes), Face symptoms (8109 causes), Salivary gland symptoms (355 causes)
Symptoms related to Bloody sputum:
Coughing blood (224 causes), Mouth bleeding, Tongue bleeding, Cough (1407 causes), Dry cough (201 causes), Productive cough (133 causes), Mouth symptoms (6864 causes), Oral symptoms, Bronchitis (273 causes), Bronchiectasis, Viral Infection, Sinusitis (319 causes), Pneumonia (241 causes), Bronchogenic carcinoma, Bronchial adenoma, Injury
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