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Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is an ongoing, long-term neurological disorder in which the peripheral nerves become inflamed and damaged. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is a rare disorder that is treatable, but in some cases can result in permanent numbness or weakness of the arms or legs. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is also known as CIPD and chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is considered a long-term counterpart of Guillain-Barre syndrome.
It is believed the chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy may be caused by an autoimmune reaction in which the body's immune system mistakes the myelin sheath of the peripheral nerves as a dangerous substance and attacks it. The myelin sheath is the fatty covering that covers and protects the nerves.
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy generally develops slowly over a period of months. Symptoms of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy include a sensation of pain, numbness, tingling, or prickling that begins in the toes or fingers. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy also leads to weakness of the legs and arms and difficulty walking. For more details about symptoms and complications, see symptoms of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
Diagnosing chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and its root cause begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination, including a neurological examination. A neurological exam evaluates the nerves and nervous system and such functions as reflexes, sensation, movement, balance, coordination, vision, and hearing. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is generally diagnosed by a specialist in neurological diseases and disorders called a neurologist.
Diagnostic tests may include an electromyography (EMG) which tests the nerve and electrical activity of muscles. A nerve conduction test may also be performed to test how fast the nerves transmit impulses.
A test called a lumbar puncture or spinal tap may also be done. In this test a small amount of cerebral spinal fluid is removed from the spine with a small needle and tested for the presence of protein. Other tests may include blood tests and an urinanalysis.
A diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and its cause can easily be delayed or missed because symptoms develop gradually. Symptoms can also be similar to symptoms of other disorders and diseases. For information about disease and disorders that can mimic chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, refer to misdiagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
Treatment of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy may include medication, specialized procedures, and physical therapy. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy....more »
A diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and its cause may be delayed or missed because the disorder generally develops very gradually, and people with the condition may be unaware of it initially. In addition, symptoms of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy are similar to symptoms of other diseases and disorders. These include ...more misdiagnosis »
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
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» Review Causes of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: Causes
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Treatment plans for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy are individualized depending on the severity, the presence of coexisting diseases, the age of the patient, and other factors. The goals of treatment are to relieve the discomfort, maximize a person's ability to walk and function normally and minimize the risk of developing permanent nerve damage and ...Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy Treatments
Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy may include:
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Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a neurological disorder characterized by slowly progressive weakness and sensory dysfunction of the legs and arms. The disorder, which is sometimes called chronic relapsing polyneuropathy, is caused by damage to the myelin sheath of the peripheral nerves. The myelin sheath is the fatty covering—which acts as an insulator—on fibers in the nerves. (Source: excerpt from NINDS Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) Information Page: NINDS)
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a neurological disorder characterized by... (Source: excerpt from NINDS Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) Information Page: NINDS)
The list below shows some of the causes of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Of the 1 causes of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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Medical Conditions associated with Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy:
Sensory symptoms (7134 causes), Neurological symptoms (9575 causes), Nerve symptoms (9132 causes), Inflammatory symptoms (1736 causes), Pain (6458 causes), Sensations (6520 causes), Brain symptoms (2787 causes), Common symptoms (8589 causes), Body symptoms (5672 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes)
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