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Fungal infections are infections caused by a fungus, a type of microorganism. Some very common types of fungal infections are caused by the fungus tinea. Tinea infections cause athlete's foot, jock itch and ringworm.
Another common type of fungal infection is a yeast infection, caused by the fungus Candida albicans. This type of fungal infection can infect such areas of the body as the vagina (vaginal thrush), mouth (oral thrush) and the digestive tract (fungal gastroenteritis).
A fungal infection can also cause fungal infections of the lungs. This is the result of breathing in fungal spores. Fungal infections can also be a symptom of a serious disease, such as HIV/AIDS or diabetes.
People at risk for fungal infections include those taking strong antibiotics, especially for a long period of time. Antibiotics kill bacteria, including healthy bacteria, which can alter the balance of microorganisms in the mouth, vagina, intestines and other places in the body. This can result in an overgrowth of fungus.
People with weakened immune systems are also more likely to develop fungal infections and have recurrent bouts of fungal infections. This includes people with HIV/AIDS or those taking steroid medications or on chemotherapy, which all suppress the immune system. People with diabetes are more likely to develop fungal infections because the elevated level of sugar in the body provide food for some fungi and encourage its overgrowth. Other people at risk include the very young and very old.
Fungal infections can cause a variety of symptoms, depending on the type of infection, the area of the body affected, and other factors. Some complications of fungal infections can be serious, even life-threatening. For more information on symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of fungal infections.
Making a diagnosis of fungal infections includes performing a complete medical evaluation and history and physical examination that focuses on the area of the body with symptoms. Diagnostic testing may include taking a small sample or swab of the infected area, such the vagina, skin or mouth, and examining it under a microscope to confirm an overgrowth of yeast. For a suspected fungal infection of the lungs, phlegm is examined. For a suspected fungal gastroenteritis, stool is examined.
It is possible that a diagnosis of fungal infections can be missed or delayed because symptoms may be mild and for other reasons. For more information on misdiagnosis, refer to misdiagnosis of fungal infections.
Fungal infections can be successfully treated with an individualized treatment plan that best fits the specific type of fungal infection, area of the body affected and the patient's age, medical history. The treatment plan should also address underlying risk factors, such as diabetes or HIV. Treatment may include eating certain foods and medication. For more information on treatment, refer to treatment of fungal infections....more »
A diagnosis of fungal infections begins with taking a thorough health history, including symptoms, and performing a physical exam that focuses on the area of the body that is having symptoms. A diagnosis of fungal infections may be overlooked or delayed because symptoms may be mild in some people or may be attributed to other causes, such as canker sores, cold sores, ...more misdiagnosis »
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The most effective treatment plan for fungal infections uses a multifaceted approach. The first step in treatment is prevention. Prevention measures include maintaining good oral, groin and skin hygiene. It is also important not to share towels, underwear and other personal items with other people.
Prevention also includes using antibiotics only when truly needed, which ...Fungal symptoms Treatments
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The following list of medical conditions have Fungal symptoms or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Fungal symptoms based
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