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Gum cancer is most treatable and curable if caught in the earliest stage of the disease. Gum cancer grows relatively slowly, but untreated and/or advanced gum cancer can spread into the deeper tissues of the mouth and neck. In advanced stages, gum cancer can spread through the lymph nodes and blood to other parts of the body where the cancer cells can form another cancerous tumor. This is called metastasis. Gum cancer and other forms of oral cancer have a high risk of recurring after treatment.
Early symptoms of gum cancer include a sore or lesion on the gums that does not heal within two weeks. However, there may not be any symptoms or symptoms that are easily noticeable in the early, most curable, stage of gum cancer. For more details on other key symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of gum cancer.
People at risk for developing gum cancer include smokers and people who drink alcohol excessively. Using smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco) also increases the risk of developing gum cancer. Risks also include being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV). A diet that is low in fruits in vegetables is a risk factor as well.
Men get gum cancer more often than women, and people over the age of 40 are affected more often than younger people. However, more recently, gum cancer is occurring in greater numbers in younger people.
Diagnosing gum cancer begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms and risk factors for gum cancer. Diagnosis also includes completing a physical examination that concentrates on the gums, tongue, lips and mouth. It is not unusual for early signs of gum cancer or oral cancer to be found by a dentist during an oral exam. The lymph nodes in the neck are also felt for signs of swelling (lymphedema) during an exam.
Diagnostic testing for gum cancer includes a biopsy. In a biopsy a sample of cells or tissues are taken from the area or area of the gums that have a lesion, lump or are abnormal and may be cancerous. The sample is examined under a microscope for the presence of cancer cells.
Gum cancer is very treatable and often curable if caught in the early stage. However, a diagnosis of gum cancer can be missed or delayed because some symptoms of gum cancer are similar to symptoms of other conditions. In addition, there may not be any symptoms in early stages of gum cancer. For more information about other diseases, disorders and conditions that can mimic gum cancer, refer to misdiagnosis of gum cancer.
The prognosis for people with gum cancer varies depending on the stage of advancement of the cancer and other factors. Treatment of gum cancer may include surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. For more details about treatment, refer to treatment of gum cancer....more »
A diagnosis of gum cancer can be delayed or missed because in early stages there may not be any symptoms. In addition, symptoms when they do appear may not be severe enough to be noticed or cause concern. Some symptoms of gum cancer can be similar to symptoms of other diseases or conditions. These include oral herpes, ill-fitting dentures, canker sore, gum burn, dental ...more misdiagnosis »
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Gingival cancer.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor
about your symptoms.
Home medical tests possibly related to Gingival cancer:
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Gingival cancer, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
Treatment of gum cancer starts with prevention. Preventive measures include not smoking and not using smokeless tobacco products (chewing tobacco). It is also important not to use alcohol in excess. Using safe sex practices is also key. This can help avoid oral infection with the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV), which increases the risk of developing gum cancer.
Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Gingival cancer may include:
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Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Gingival cancer may include these symptoms:
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The list below shows some of the causes of Gingival cancer mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Gingival cancer. Of the 20 causes of Gingival cancer that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Gingival cancer' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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Medical Conditions associated with Gingival cancer:
Gum symptoms (181 causes), Mouth symptoms (6864 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes), Cancer-related symptoms (173 causes), Throat symptoms (3410 causes), Respiratory symptoms (5166 causes), Dental symptoms (886 causes), Breathing symptoms (3381 causes), Breath symptoms (3023 causes), Face symptoms (8109 causes)
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