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Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease: Introduction

Pelvic inflammatory disease refers to a variety of infections of the female reproductive organs. Pelvic inflammatory disease can affect the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and nearby tissues.

Pelvic inflammatory disease, also called PID, is most commonly caused by the sexually transmitted diseases, most often gonorrhea and chlamydia. Less commonly pelvic inflammatory disease can also be caused by an infection of a woman's reproductive organs due to childbirth, an intrauterine device (IUD), miscarriage, abortion, or a surgical procedure on the female reproductive system.

Sexually transmitted diseases that cause pelvic inflammatory disease are passed from one person another during sexual contact. Any girl or woman that engages in sexual activity can contract and pass on a sexually transmitted diseases that causes pelvic inflammatory disease. However, pelvic inflammatory disease is most common in young, sexually active women and occurs least often in women who have experienced menopause. The more sexual partners a person has, the greater the risk of catching a sexually transmitted disease that can cause pelvic inflammatory disease.

Sexually transmitted diseases diagnosed before the development of pelvic inflammatory disease can be quickly and easily treated. However, if left untreated pelvic inflammatory disease can develop and lead to formation of pus-filled abscesses on the fallopian tubes or ovaries. This can result in scarring of the fallopian tubes, infertility, ectopic pregnancy and other serious complications. Having a sexually transmitted disease that causes pelvic inflammatory disease infection also puts a person at greater risk for contracting HIV.

Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease infection include high fever and severe lower abdominal pain. Lower abdominal pain can also be mild in some cases. To learn more about additional important symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease.

Diagnosing pelvic inflammatory disease begins with taking a medical and sexual history and completing a physical and pelvic examination. During the pelvic examination, the health care practitioner will assess the reproductive organs and take a swab sample of the woman's cervix and have it tested for the presence of sexually transmitted diseases. A pelvic ultrasound is also performed, which can reveal the develoment of abscesses.

Because there are often no symptoms in the early stage of sexually transmitted disease, some infected women may be unaware of a problem, delaying a diagnosis and increasing the risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease. Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease can be similar to symptoms of other diseases and conditions, such as appendicitis. To see more diseases and conditions that can mimic pelvic inflammatory disease, refer to misdiagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease.

The first step in the treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease is prevention. Prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease is best accomplished by abstaining from sexual activity or having sex only within a mutually monogamous relationship in which neither partner is infected with a sexually transmitted disease. Latex condoms also provide some protection when used properly.

Treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease infection includes medication and may require hospitalization. For more information about treatment, refer to treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease....more »

Pelvic inflammatory disease: Misdiagnosis

A prompt diagnosis and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease infection increases the chances of preserving fertility and preventing other complications, such as ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.

A diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease can be missed or delayed because there may be no symptoms in the earliest, most curable stage. When symptoms do occur, they can ...more misdiagnosis »

Causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease:

The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease. There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms.

» Review Causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease: Causes | Symptom Checker »

Home Diagnostic Testing and Pelvic inflammatory disease

Home medical tests possibly related to Pelvic inflammatory disease:

Causes of Types of Pelvic inflammatory disease:

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Pelvic inflammatory disease: Symptom Checker

Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Pelvic inflammatory disease, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.

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Pelvic inflammatory disease Treatments

Treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease infection starts with prevention. Prevention measures include seeking regular medical care throughout the lifetime. Regular medical care allows a licensed health care professional to best evaluate the risks of contracting sexually transmitted diseases that causes pelvic inflammatory disease and regularly test for these ...Pelvic inflammatory disease Treatments

Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Pelvic inflammatory disease may include:

Review further information on Pelvic inflammatory disease Treatments.

Pelvic inflammatory disease: Animations

Pelvic inflammatory disease: Comorbid Symptoms

Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Pelvic inflammatory disease may include these symptoms:

Causes of General Symptom Types

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Causes of Similar Symptoms to Pelvic inflammatory disease

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Pelvic inflammatory disease: Deaths

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Misdiagnosis and Pelvic inflammatory disease

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Pelvic inflammatory disease: Research Related Doctors & Specialists

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Hospitals & Clinics: Pelvic inflammatory disease

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Pelvic inflammatory disease: Related Rare Diseases

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Pelvic inflammatory disease: Undiagnosed Conditions

Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:

Causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease listed in Disease Database:

Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease as a symptom include:

Article Excerpts about Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a general term that refers to infection of the fallopian tubes (tubes that carry eggs from the ovary to the womb) and of other internal reproductive organs in women. It is a common and serious complication of some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Inside the lower abdominal cavity, PID can damage the fallopian tubes and tissues in and near the uterus and ovaries. Untreated PID can lead to serious consequences including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, abscess formation, and chronic pelvic pain. (Source: excerpt from PID: DSTD)

Aside from AIDS, the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among women is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of the upper genital tract. PID can affect the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other related structures. Untreated, PID causes scarring and can lead to infertility, tubal pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, and other serious consequences. (Source: excerpt from Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

The most serious and common complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among women is pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of the upper genital tract. PID can affect the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other related structures. Untreated, PID can lead to infertility, tubal (ectopic) pregnancy, chronic pelvic pain, and other serious consequences. (Source: excerpt from Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: NWHIC)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a general term that refers to infection of ... (Source: excerpt from PID: DSTD)

Aside from AIDS, the most common and serious complication of sexually transmitted... (Source: excerpt from Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, NIAID Fact Sheet: NIAID)

The most serious and common complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among... (Source: excerpt from Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: NWHIC)

Definitions of Pelvic inflammatory disease:

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an acute or chronic inflammation in the pelvic cavity. It is most commonly caused by sexually transmitted diseases, including chlamydia and gonorrhea, that have ascended into the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries as a result of intercourse or childbirth, or of surgical procedures, including insertion of IUDs or abortion. PID may be either symptomatic or asymptomatic. It may cause infertility and it may raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy. PID is a disease associated with HIV infection.
- (Source - Diseases Database)

Inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)

Spectrum of inflammation involving the female upper genital tract and the supporting tissues; is usually caused by an ascending infection of organisms from the endocervix that may be confined to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, the supporting ligaments, or may involve several of the above uterine appendages; such inflammation can lead to functional impairment and infertility.
- (Source - CRISP)

Detailed list of causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease

The list below shows some of the causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease mentioned in various sources:

How Common are these Causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease?

This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Pelvic inflammatory disease. Of the 28 causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:

  • 1 causes are "very common" diseases
  • 3 causes are "common" diseases
  • 4 causes are "uncommon" diseases
  • 0 causes are "rare" diseases
  • 3 causes are "very rare" diseases
  • 20 causes have no prevalence information.

Conditions listing medical symptoms: Pelvic inflammatory disease:

The following list of conditions have 'Pelvic inflammatory disease' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

Select from the following alphabetical view of conditions which include a symptom of Pelvic inflammatory disease or choose View All.

View All A B C E G H I N P R S T

H

  • HIV/AIDS ... pelvic inflammatory disease

T

  • The clap ... pelvic inflammatory disease

Conditions listing medical complications: Pelvic inflammatory disease:

The following list of medical conditions have Pelvic inflammatory disease or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.

B

C

G

H

  • HIV/AIDS ... pelvic inflammatory disease

S

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Causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease Based on Risk Factors

This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Pelvic inflammatory disease based on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:

  • Travel - has the patient travelled recently?
  • Diabetes - history of diabetes or family history of diabetes?

    What are the alternative names for Pelvic inflammatory disease:

    PID, Salpingitis and oophoritis
    - (Source - Diseases Database)

    Classifications of Pelvic inflammatory disease:

    Medical Conditions associated with Pelvic inflammatory disease:

    Pelvic pain (164 causes), Pelvic symptoms (371 causes), Pain (6458 causes), Sexual symptoms (1838 causes), Inflammatory symptoms (1736 causes), Bone symptoms (2907 causes), Sensations (6520 causes), Brain symptoms (2787 causes), Neurological symptoms (9575 causes), Sensory symptoms (7134 causes), Nerve symptoms (9132 causes), Musculoskeletal symptoms (6264 causes), Skeletal symptoms (4109 causes), Common symptoms (8589 causes), Body symptoms (5672 causes), Intercourse symptoms (258 causes), Head symptoms (10192 causes)

    Symptoms related to Pelvic inflammatory disease:

    Pelvic pain (164 causes), Vaginal pain (53 causes), Menstrual pain (28 causes), Ovary pain, Abdominal pain (2568 causes), Amenorrhea (287 causes), Oligomenorrhea (86 causes), Infertility (241 causes), Gonorrhea (2 causes), Chlyamidia, Cervicitis (13 causes), Adhesions, Miscarriages (285 causes)

    Medical articles on signs and symptoms:

    Doctor-patient articles related to symptoms and diagnosis:

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    Evidence Based Medicine Research for Pelvic inflammatory disease

    Medical research papers related to Pelvic inflammatory disease include:

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    Related medical articles from our Disease Center for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease:

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