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Scleritis is a rare condition in which there is serious inflammation of the sclera, the white of the eyes. Scleritis can affect one or both eyes and if left untreated can result in vision loss. Symptoms of scleritis include blurred vision, eye pain, eye discomfort, red patches on the whites of the eyes, tearing of the eye, and sensitivity to light (photophobia). To learn more about other important symptoms and complications, refer to symptoms of scleritis.
Scleritis can happen to anyone, but most often occurs to adults between 30 and 60 years of age. Scleritis is sometimes associated with autoimmune disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and Crohn's disease. In an autoimmune disorder, the body's immune system mistakes the tissues of the body as foreign and potentially dangerous to the body and attacks them.
Diagnosing scleritis begins with taking a thorough personal and family medical history, including symptoms, and completing a physical examination that includes a thorough eye examination. This will rule out eye conditions and diseases with similar symptoms.
An eye examination includes testing pupil response to light, visual acuity or sharpness of vision, checking the sharpness of peripheral vision, and testing the pressure of the inside the eye. The outer eye is examined using an instrument called a slit lamp, and the inner eye is examined using an instrument call an ophthalmoscope. Another test involves temporarily staining the eye with a special eye drop that makes a corneal abrasion, which can mimic scleritis, visible to the clinician.
A diagnosis of scleritis may be missed or delayed because symptoms can be similar to symptoms of other disorders, diseases or conditions. To learn more about disorders, diseases and conditions that can mimic scleritis, refer to misdiagnosis of scleritis.
Treatment for scleritis includes medication in pill form and/or eye drop form and regular eye care to monitor the condition. For more details on treatment plans, refer to treatment of scleritis....more »
A diagnosis of scleritis may be delayed or missed because symptoms of scleritis can be similar to symptoms of other diseases and conditions, such as watering eye, subconjunctival hemorrhage, uveitis, glaucoma, choroiditis, dry eye, blepharitis, and corneal ulcer. ...more misdiagnosis »
The following medical conditions are some of the possible
causes of Scleritis.
There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor
about your symptoms.
Home medical tests possibly related to Scleritis:
Listed below are some combinations of symptoms associated with Scleritis, as listed in our database. Visit the Symptom Checker, to add and remove symptoms and research your condition.
Treatment of scleritis includes corticosteroid eye drops. Corticosteroid medications may also be prescribed in pill form. Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and eye pain and help to improve other symptoms. Other drug options may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Prompt treatment is essential to lessen the risk of developing complications, such as ...Scleritis Treatments
Some of the possible treatments listed in sources for treatment of Scleritis may include:
Review further information on Scleritis Treatments.
Real-life user stories relating to Scleritis:
Some of the comorbid or associated medical symptoms for Scleritis may include these symptoms:
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Research the causes of these symptoms that are similar to, or related to, the symptom Scleritis:
Read more about causes and Scleritis deaths.
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Conditions that are commonly undiagnosed in related areas may include:
Other medical conditions listed in the Disease Database as possible
causes of Scleritis as a symptom include:
Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva.
- (Source - Diseases Database)
Inflammation of the sclera
- (Source - WordNet 2.1)
The list below shows some of the causes of Scleritis mentioned in various sources:
This information refers to the general prevalence and incidence of these diseases, not to how likely they are to be the actual cause of Scleritis. Of the 16 causes of Scleritis that we have listed, we have the following prevalence/incidence information:
The following list of conditions have 'Scleritis' or similar listed as a symptom in our database. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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The following list of medical conditions have Scleritis or similar listed as a medical complication in our database. The distinction between a symptom and complication is not always clear, and conditions mentioning this symptom as a complication may also be relevant. This computer-generated list may be inaccurate or incomplete. Always seek prompt professional medical advice about the cause of any symptom.
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This information shows analysis of the list of causes of Scleritis based
on whether certain risk factors apply to the patient:
Medical Conditions associated with Scleritis:
Symptoms related to Scleritis:
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